Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Herbert Jones, Leland
8/3/2017 – Cotton – Applying my second application of Prevathon to non-Bt cotton. Bollworm egg counts not high but enough to address.
In Bt Cotton – Finding few eggs but not high or consistent enough to spray this week. Plant bug counts are low but whiteflies are increasing.
Soybeans – Older beans at or past R6 stage of growth and okay for now. Younger beans were all sprayed a couple of weeks ago with Prevathon or Intrepid Edge.
Started cutting corn this week but no yields to report.

Reporting from the South Delta, Haley Easley, Greenwood
8/4/2017 – Corn harvest is beginning in isolated places at 18-20% moisture. Yields seem above average but still too early to know.
Beans are R4 – R7. Mostly R6. RBSB are steadily increasing in older beans. Some areas high but mostly 1-3 per 25 sweeps. I am treating a lot of fields for them due to amount of pod damage seeing in some of these fields where they are steady. Bollworms seem to be peaking again. Real spotty on level of egg lay. Seeing really high numbers in some fields and none in other fields. Making applications this week for hatching eggs. Some lambda acephate and some Besiege/Prevathon depending on egg numbers. Going to be more expensive than expected to keep cotton clean this year.

Reporting from the North Delta, Winston Earnheart, Tunica
8/5/2017 – Cotton: The cotton crop in the north delta is somewhat late. We have very little cotton blooming out the top. Worm pressure has been light, but there has been some bleed through of worms through the Bt genetics. Bollgard II looks about like the Widestrike II from the last several years. In addition, the Widestrike III looks better than the Bollgard II. Oversprays with the diamides or pyrethroids have not been close to 100% control. Once a worm hatches in a bloom and enters the little boll under it, it is hard to kill with anything. Plant bugs have been light, and aphids have been controlled with Transform. Where we have been using the heavy aphid rate of Transform, the plant bugs have been also controlled.
Rice: The rice crop looks good over all, and a lot of fields are being drained. We are just now hitting some treatment levels of stink bugs in fields that are just heading. We had quite a bit of acreage that was late about establishing levees and floods. Rice in these conditions will not yield as well. It is hard to grow a rice crop without a flood.
Soybeans: The earlier beans are maturing and look good. Late group IV’s and early V’s, where they were planted later, have had some worm pressure. Control of these has been very good with either the diamides or, surprisingly , the pyrethroids. Most of the looper pressure has been green clover worms, which are easy to kill. Bean leaf beetles are increasing and we are beginning to see more of the red banded stink bugs, but well below treatment levels.

Reporting from the North Delta, Justin George, Merigold
8/6/2017 – Soybeans: we started picking up our first Redbanded Stinkbugs about 10 days ago. From Blaine to Drew and down across to Shaw… easy to get 1-3 per 25 Sweeps plus the hodge-podge of greens and browns. Generally worried about the RBSB and a “what if” scenario of several days of rain chances in the R6.5 beans which is where most of our good, early beans are now. Early dryland in Bolivar county suffered from month long drought during July. We watered most fields 3 times and some were on their 4th irrigation on Thursday/Friday which should be their last round.
Corn: hoping to start harvest this week. Sampling showed moisture at @21% on Thursday.
Rice: mostly draining to some very late planted just now at mid-season. Grass control was mostly good this year. Rice Stinkbugs were easy to find (1-5 per 10 Sweeps) and were treated.

Reporting from the North Delta, Tim Sanders, Sarah
8/7/2017 – Corn: With some of the recent rains, all corn is done with irrigation and some is about ready to harvest.
Soybeans range from R2-R7. Some older beans were treated for stinkbugs, but no sign of red banded here yet. Most of the younger beans received a diamide for worms. We began draining a good bit of rice last week and that should continue to trickle out, although some is just getting into boot. Stinkbugs have been treated in most fields that have headed. Cotton ranges from just blooming to bolled-out. We have had a steady stream of bollworms getting through. Many are hatching in the pink flowers. We have treated most considerable acreage with the diamide chemistries. Plantbug numbers have been lower this year but steady. Spider mites continue to pop up. Bacterial blight has been heavier this year than in the past. Hopefully it will stay mostly on leaves, but it is already spreading to bolls in some fields. This is so frustrating to watch.

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
8/7/2017 – Corn – Harvest has begun and the yields I’ve heard are very good.
Soybeans – At this point we’ve treated 25% of our soybean acres for RBSB. My guess is we’ll end up treating about half before it’s done even though most are R6.5 or farther along in maturity. We’ve desiccated a few fields but nothing has been harvested yet. The yield potential looks good.
Cotton – Most of our cotton is 4 to 6 NAWF and total nodes are mostly 20-24. We have the potential for another very good cotton crop. We’ve made very heavy mepaquat applications recently on most to encourage the plants to shut down. Insect pressure has eased up some over the last week to 10 days but we’re still treating fields for bollworms coming from beneath bloom tags and a few plant bugs and spider mites scattered around. We have treated over 90% of our acres with diamides for bollworms and probably 10% twice. They appeared to hold for about 2 weeks and then bollworms began to get by again. In the past years it seemed that one application would get you through the season.
We’ve started pulling a few soil samples on the corn ground and that phase will be wide open soon. I’m ready to get this crop behind us and get busy with sampling.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/7/2017 – Cotton is from 1st week of bloom to would be open boll but boll rot is taking care of it. Every field of cotton I looked at today had bollworms under bloom tags feeding into top of bolls. Later cotton had damage in the terminal with worms feeding from one square to the next. Plant bugs are still low but seeing a very low number of nymphs. Fungus is finally showing up in most fields and taking aphids out. Cotton had a few days without rain and really started looking like normal cotton only to get 1-2 inches today. Our late cotton crop may be the best cotton we have this year if rains keep coming in 3 and 4 days at a time.
Peanuts are looking pretty good despite drowned out spots. Disease, for the most part, is low with exception of fields that we’ve been dealing with late leaf spot. Most fields were treated last week with fungicides. We have decreased days between fungicides due to rainy days and not having many days to get in the field. Leaf hoppers are causing some “hopper burn” around the edges but no treatments at this moment. Oldest runner peanuts are 110 days old so harvest should be around a month away.
No corn harvest has begun but will begin as soon as weather breaks or if it breaks.
Loopers are starting to build in soybeans. No treatments at this point but I will look at most soybeans on Wednesday and Thursday and that could change. Velvetbean caterpillars are also beginning to show up in peanuts and soybeans.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Ty Edwards, Water Valley
8/8/2017 – Cotton- We’ve made a world of progress in the last two weeks. Heat and dry weather pushed this crop along, and got most cotton to 4-6 NAWF. Now we’ve just received very much needed rains ranging from .8″ to 3.5″ on all fields. This should really go a long way to finishing this crop out. Bollworms have been the main player on all that I check, although they have only been heavy in a few small locations. We have tried our best to treat on a fairly small area basis, as well as trying to time our diamide applications with an influx in moth activity. 3/4 lb. acephate will still wear bollworm moths out just like it always has, although I don’t know how long that will last with the pyrethroids being a complete failure to control the larvae. So far, I’ve been pleased with the results on about 98% of our acres. Seemed like the earlier they hit, the farther down the stalk the blooms were, and the harder it was to get acceptable control. Our worst boll damage was some of the very first cotton we sprayed, where I was having to part the cotton back and bend down to pull bloom tags in the bottom of the canopy. We sprayed that on about a 25% egg lay, and still took a hit. But I suppose it’s better than the alternative. We were including acephate or Bidrin with every bollworm application, not only for moth control, but also because we had a lot of brown stink bugs showing up in the majority of our cotton. Since then, I can count on one hand the number of plant bugs I’ve seen, and that was all today. Boll retention looks excellent, but a few varieties are really beginning to stand out.
Soybeans- As quiet as I’ve ever seen them. I have officially sprayed 4 bean fields for bugs this year, and only 1 of those was for bollworms. Had one grower that decided to forego his usual R3-R4 fungicide application, and he’s got Septoria and Target blowing out the top of the canopy. I’ve got to think that’s easily gonna cost him in quality, and some yield as well.
Corn-We’ve pulled the irrigation off of all corn now, especially with this rain finishing us out. Crop looks superb if they can get it out. I sprayed more fields with fungicides this year than I have in the past 5 combined. Don’t know if disease pressure was higher, or if seed companies are breeding for yield and not disease package. Sprayed a good bit for rust as well. It moved in a few weeks ago, and those fields still lack about 4-5 days before black layer. No corn on the ground.
Sweet potatoes- We’ve got some that will begin digging in a couple of weeks I think. They caught a few showers a couple of weeks ago, and began sizing up at a rapid pace. This rain should only serve to aid in that process. Have had a few fields where flea beetles have been terrible, but other than that, it’s been slow.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/31/2017 – Rainfall over the weekend was from2-3.5″. Cotton is from pre-bloom to cutout. Bollworms moths are heavy in fields. Picking up a few eggs in terminal as well as in bracts and bloom tags. Aphids are exploding again in most fields. Plant bug numbers are increasing so far this week with a few nymphs. Hopefully fields will dry up and sprayers can get in field before the next rain.
Peanuts are from 45 dap to a few fields being dug. Mainly green peanuts are the fields being dug. Disease is relatively low with exception of some poorly rotated fields. Late leaf spot is hanging around these fields and we are trying to tighten up fungicide intervals but rains are making this very challenging. A few fields have been treated for leps. Red banded stink bugs are still at high numbers in peanuts. Maybe they will stay there and leave soybeans alone.
Corn harvest should begin in 10 days or so.
Soybeans are from V-4 to R6. Older beans that escaped RBSB last week are being treated this week. Loopers and velvetbeans are showing up but nothing at treatable numbers yet.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
7/31/2017 – Most cotton has reached peak bloom and looks good. With the late heat, it has gained some in maturity. We got from 1.4 – 2″ of rain on the 20th-22nd on most of our crop and on past Friday, 28th, spotty showers of .25-.5″ on about 80%. We are in the midst of a moth flight that started on the 25th. Egg deposits run 8 – 40%, depending on the field and stage of cotton. We are running a combo of Belt and a moth knockdown and should finish today on the 31st. Some materials are not readily available to us.
Beans are very diverse, either very early or late. Early beans are about R6.5 and late beans are just starting to bloom. Insects have been light with no heavy build ups yet. Weeds have been controlled quite well.
Corn is made and likely will shell some in August. May be the best dry land corn I have ever seen.

Reporting from the North Delta, Tucker Miller, Drew

7/31/2017 – Cotton: our oldest cotton is at NAWF 5 with 20 nodes. Our youngest cotton at 15-16 nodes has just been blooming a week. We had some boll worms get through on the July 2 flight. This was on the older cotton. We are on the front end of an egg lay now, and are lining up sprays on egg counts. Plant bugs haven’t been much of an issue lately. Spider mites have been scattered on edges as usual. Some areas have received rain, but most are in full irrigation mode now. We have some spots of bacterial blight where we’ll take substantial yield loss. In the future we will only plant blight resistant varieties.
Soybean: most beans are R 6.5. We sprayed these last week for stink bugs due to a light number of red banded in the mix. The late beans were sprayed for bollworms last week.
Corn: will cut sample on dry land pivot corners this week.

Tucker sent this photo of bacterial blight on boll and eggs on bloom tag and bracts

Jim Arrington, Senatobia, sent the three photos below of eggs and worms on various plant structures

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from East Mississippi, Mitch LeFlore, Eupora
7/27/2017 – Most cotton received rain last week but still a few dry spots. Overall crop looks good; do not know what the heat has affected or done to the crop. Still fighting plant bugs in spots and boll worms are just starting this past week. All PhytoGen and conventional cotton has been treated but have started to pick them up in Bollgard II cotton.
Soybeans are anywhere from R3-R6. Red banded stinkbugs are spotty but having to treat. Boll worm pressure has been high in younger beans this week. Also, loopers are starting to show up in younger beans.
Overall, the sweet potato crop looks good. Finally have click beetles knocked down. Beet armyworms have started to show up in the past week and expect to treat most acres within a week or two.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/27/2017 – Rains Monday and Tuesday dropped 2-10+ inches. We really need a break for a few days. Cotton is having trouble setting a crop. Stuck bloom tags are all over the ground and more will fall in the next few days. Moths are still being flushed in most fields, aphids are still building. Plant bugs are still relatively non-existent. Seeing more cotton fleahoppers than tarnished. We are having trouble slowing cotton down. Growth regulators are going out regularly and some of this cotton looks like it’s never had any. A week without rain would help out a bunch.
A smorgasbord of worms are still in peanuts with a few fields getting treatments when sprayers are going across with fungicide app.
Soybeans are from R3-R6. Applications for bollworms last week seemed to do really good. Velvetbeans and loopers are picking up this week. No treatments on lots of beans with exception of a few fields for red banded but I think some of that will change soon. Lots of small worms of all types in shakes today.
Corn harvest should start Monday for a few growers weather permitting.

Reporting from the North Delta, Clay Horton, Greenwood
7/27/2017 – My earliest corn reached black layer the 20th and will be harvested starting this coming Monday, the 31st. A hand sample was pulled the 25th and showed 23.9% moisture. I have some corn reaching black layer now and on my latest planting date we are pushing the last flush of water across this week. Overall, the corn crops look to be above average.
Early April, Group 4 soybeans are reaching R6 and some Group 3, are reaching R7. Insect pressure is low for the most part but I am picking up low numbers of red banded stink bugs in areas. My middle age beans are in the R5.5-5.7 range and they narrowly escaped the bollworm flights. The later R5 beans and younger have nearly all been treated for high numbers of bollworms.

Reporting from the South Delta, Virgil King, III, Lexington
7/28/2017 – Cotton – We are low on plant bugs at this time. We had to treat a lot of cotton with Prevathon for worms. Some had to be retreated. We can find some level of damage in just about any field. Some farms had more pressure than others and you can tell from old worm signs in them. We are constantly making Pix recommendations. Some fields, depending on variety, have been very difficult to keep plant growth under control.
Soybeans – Most all of our beans are at R6+ at this time. We have very few fields that would be considered late beans. We have had to treat about 75% of them for red banded stink bugs at this time and keep adding fields as the pressure comes up. So far no fields have been treated twice.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Billy Bryant, Greenwood
7/24/2017 – Soybeans – Most acreage, 5.2 or greener, being treated for bollworm infestation with Intrepid Edge or Prevathon. Both products giving exceptional control. Stink bugs infesting older 5.9 beans and being taken out with Bifenthrin + Acephate. About 30 percent of these are RBSB.
Cotton – Have been under bollworm moth flight for 2 weeks. Have mostly been applying Bifenthrin + Acephate – adding Transform where needed for aphids. Control has been good and spacing spray intervals on about 12 days on average. Seeing a consistent slippage of about 2 percent into small bolls under dry tags. Next round of sprays will be Prevathon if pressure persists and the situation is favorable for that. Plant bugs killed out- seeing almost none. Aphids still here but have seen fungal disease on two farms now. No more aphid treatments for me. Pounding with Pix on row watered fields. These most popular varieties we can barely hold when the heat and water comes.
Peanuts – Very little disease activity. My peanuts this year on ground that has been in peanuts before so I am being more timely on fungicide treatments. 3rd app will go out this week. May be adding IntrepidEdge if worm complex continues to increase. Bollworms were about half threshold last week with some baby loopers mixed in. Most are lapped and really making.

Reporting from the South Delta, Jason Grafton, Madison
7/24/2017 – Cotton- Aphids are pretty much gone. High note
of the week is plantbugs are nowhere to be found. I wish I could say the same for bollworms. Our best control was early at egg lay. When treating day old worms our control is poor to no control at all. However, to end the week I looked behind some Intrepid Edge @ 7 oz. It was only a few hundred acres but I left feeling pretty good about things. I’m cautiously optimistic but I intend on looking at more treated acres.
Soybeans- Beans are V5 to done. Treated some bollworms in R2 beans and RBSB applications are on the increase. Not by choice but because cotton acres increased, we have been checking beans twice a week and it pays off when RBSB are in the mix. Nothing close to treatable numbers but loopers starting to show up too. I hope soybean yields live up to expectations. Looks like a really strong crop.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Bert Falkner, West Point
7/24/2017 – Corn – R5 growth stage, 7-10 days from black layer. After this week should wind up all irrigation in corn – making one last pass this week. Dry land corn is drying down fast with heat and dry weather. Some corn trying to out-run rust but some fields treated. Fungicide treated fields have healthier plants.
Soybeans – Mostly R2 to pushing R6 growth stage. To this point, not a lot of insect pressure but stink bug pressure building in areas. Overall disease pressure has been light until the last 7 days. High percentage of beans have had a fungicide. Balance of fungicides on beans will be lined up in the next 7-10 days. Watering all irrigated beans as hard as we can.
Peanuts – Up to 80 days old. peg numbers look very good. Insects have been light. Soil diseases have been light so far but leaf spot has increased in the last 5-7 days. Starting 2nd fungicide applications on all peanuts this week.
Cotton – Cotton ranges from 10-12 nodes to NAWF 6-9. Treating worms with diamide class insecticides and at times tank mixing for plant bugs. Plant bug numbers have been down in the past 7-10 days. Treating a few spider mites and adding Pix to all insecticides where needed. All irrigated cotton has been watered at least once and will start back again this week. We have a fruiting gap in most of this cotton caused by 14 consecutive days of cloudy weather plus 10 days of rain. These areas had a lot of nitrogen issues and we put out a lot of ammonium sulfate. Growers are not happy about treating worms in Bt cotton. It’s very dry now and we need a rain – scattered showers around this afternoon.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/25/2017 – Cotton ranges from 12-21 nodes Aphids are building back up this week. A few fields at treatable levels. Red spider mites are being found consistently in most fields. Plant bug numbers are increasing with some fields are on the books to be sprayed. Still flushing bollworm moths but not as frequently. Found a few eggs yesterday but far and few between. Hattiesburg area had rain all day yesterday with totals up to 2″.
Peanuts are from 60 to 100 dap. Growers got a lot of fields sprayed over the weekend. Lots f fields still wet and yesterday’s rains didn’t help anything out. Still lots of fields that need to be sprayed with fungicides that are already behind and late. Worms of all flavors are present in most fields with a few at treatable levels. Lots of red banded stink bugs in peanuts. Noticed this last year as well.
Corn is from roaring ears to black layer. Oldest corn has turned and beginning to try to dry down. Harvest could start in 2-3 weeks.
Soybeans are from V4-R5.8. Disease is low for the most part. Some fields were treated for red banded the end of last week as well as bollworms.

Reporting from the North Delta, Justin George, Merigold
7/25/2017 – Soybeans: Mostly R5-R6… some wheat beans just blooming though. Most R2-R 4.5 age beans have been sprayed over the last 2 weeks for Bollworms. Watering around, but older dryland beans are burning up now. Lots of four bean pods this year has us looking forward to harvest in older beans.
Rice: Draining a lot next week. Some late rice just going to flood (it will be a race against the frost for these acres). Sprayed most acres for Stinkbugs and Armyworms.
Corn: Finished up irrigation last week. Cobs look great. Looking forward to harvest.
Cotton: Strongly agree with Haley Easley and Jeff North’s comments from last week’s report.

Tucker Miller, Drew, sends in this photo of cotton field with 5 un-watered rows on left.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Andy Tonos, Greenville
7/20/2017 – Corn is mostly done but irrigating some of the later corn.
Soybean weed control is complete except with a few late planted fields. My focus now is on insects and irrigation. Bollworms are in the majority of all young beans and also Redbanded stink bugs have been present along with greens and browns in older beans that are filling pods.
In rice, we are applying pyrethroids on the oldest and fungicides on some other, with a few late fields just now getting the second mid-season shot of fertilizer.
In cotton, we are applying insecticides and Pix most every week for a complex of pests. I’m finding some bollworms in spots as most everyone is. It’s definitely gotten tricky.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/20/2017 -Cotton is from 12 nodes to 22 nodes. Older cotton on the Miss. river side of my area is running 3-6 NAWF. Most of that cotton was treated for bollworms last week. Hattiesburg area is starting to dry out a little. Plant growth regulators and Roundup have gone out in fields where sprayers could stand up. Some treatments for aphids still going out. Spider mites (red) are showing up in some fields. Some at treatable levels but very light in most.
Peanuts are from 30 dap to 95 dap. Some fields are way behind on fungicide apps and late leaf spot is showing up in a few fields with poor rotation. Most of these fields are still too wet to spray but if we don’t get any rain tomorrow sprayers can probably stand up Saturday. Bollworms are heavy in a few fields and will be treated this week.
Young soybeans behind flood waters are being treated for bollworms, FAW, and granulated cutworms. Older beans are relatively clean so far this week. Treated one farm for red bands stink bugs today.
Corn is from roasting ear to black layer. Older corn looks pretty good. Later corn looks better or seems to have more potential to me at this point.

Reporting from the South Delta, Bruce Pittman, Coila
7/20/2017 – We’re struggling to get crops irrigated in a timely fashion.
Soybeans – April 5th-15th planted beans are at R6 and although stinkbugs are not a problem yet, numbers are getting higher every week, even redbanded SB. In March 20th-23rd planted beans, at R7, redbanded and other stink bugs are being treated. May planted beans at R3 are being treated with Prevathon or Intrepid-Edge for bollworm.
Cotton – Bollworms are surviving in BollGard cotton. Bollworm moths moved in around July 1 but no treatments were made until the 11th – 5-7 days late. We’ve treated 75% of cotton acres with either Prevathon or Besiege adding ¾lb/a of acephate if plant bugs were present; ¾ oz/a. of Transform if aphids were present or 3 oz/a AI of Abi-mek if spider mites were present.

Reporting from the South Delta, Tim Richards, Yazoo City
7/20.2017 – Bollworm pressure has been heavy in places. We saw the moths and knew what was coming. Anticipate and treat ahead of the hatch. We knew what was coming but hoped Bt would handle it. Take nothing for granted! “When in doubt put it out!!

Reporting from the North Delta, Charlie Craig, Clarksdale
7/20/2017 – Plant bugs light at present, beginning to pick up worms and eggs. Jury still out on what this will amount to and treating spider mites in spots.

Reporting from the South Delta, Haley Easley, Greenwood
7/20/2017 – Bollworm pressure is widespread and heavy – seems like every crop with a bloom has them. Not sure what we getting out of Bt anymore. I have some conventional cotton that has less boll damage than Bt due to being more aggressive on spraying bollworms. I guess we have to treat Bt cotton like its conventional now. Plant bugs have been steady but under control. Main pest today is bollworms. Bacterial blight is bad in some varieties. Not much on the fruit yet but I can’t see how it won’t be.
Target spot showing up in beans but not severe as last year. Spraying isolated fields for red banded stink bugs. Seems like they are only in beans R6 or later for now.
Peanuts look good and diseases low for now. Worms getting close to threshold in peanuts. Will clean up on next fungicide app. Irrigating a lot this week but first time on a lot of fields. Rain makes grain. Corn and beans look very good. Cotton so-so.

Reporting from the South Delta, Jeff North, Madison

7/20/2017 – Rainfall has been very timely up to this point. Other than corn, all other crops potential will be determined, to a large degree, on favorable growing and harvesting conditions from here on out.
Corn is at full dent and a few fields are approaching black layer. This could possibly be our highest yielding corn crop ever if we are able to get it out of the field.
Soybeans….our crop varies greatly in maturity ranging from R1 to R6. Some growers elected to apply fungicides this year but many did not. Disease pressure has been extremely light up to this point but could change from here on out. Bollworm pressure in late soybeans has increased this week with many fields being treated and many others on the edge of reaching threshold. The diamides have been the chemistry of choice to address this problem. There seems to be more bollworm pressure in drill soybeans than row beans but this may be purely coincidental. I would like to know what other consultants see regarding this. Pyrethroids and acephate are only being used to control the stink bug complex and thus far not many fields have been treated. I do expect this to change.
Cotton….overall our crop is pretty late. Fruit set has been good but plant growth regulators are being used heavily and repeatedly. The main concern at this time regarding insects is the bollworm pressure in heavy fruiting cotton. It’s very simple. If you are in peak bloom you have heavy pressure. Our best control options are to monitor the bloom and when moths are noted in heavy numbers and the egg lay is increasing go ahead and apply Besiege or Prevathon and let them hatch into it. Then monitor for more eggs and larvae and do it again in 2 to 3 weeks. Waiting to see surviving larvae will get us in trouble. Hindsight is 20-20 but this is the approach for now that seems to be working best and even following this protocol, there will be escapes. Growers may be reluctant to adopt this strategy but these are steps that have to be taken to protect this crop. Just like air in the tires and fuel in the tank of a truck, it takes certain steps to make it go, so go the steps for cotton production as well.

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
7/21/2017 – Corn-We’re expecting to see some combines hit the fields very soon and are anxiously waiting.
Soybeans-Most are close to or have reached R6 now and still look good even though this heat is pulling the moisture out of the ground fast. Irrigation has begun as have some insecticide applications. Red Banded Stink Bugs are hitting threshold in some fields of early soybeans and corn earworms are hitting the late planted soybeans that are R3-4. We’ve made insecticide applications on limited acres for each but expect more to follow.
Cotton-The cotton crop is progressing at a normal pace but still has a long way to go. We have had a very light tarnished plant bug year so far but things are getting active with other pests. Bollworm moths have been flushing from the fields for quite some time and left plenty of eggs. We are battling surviving larva in most fields now with mostly good results but a scare here and there, too. Beginning to see a few spider mites but not anything like the last few years. Irrigation has begun here too, whether needed or not.

Reporting from North East Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
7/21/2017 – It’s hot and dry in our area. After the June rains, our moisture has been scarce. We seem to be in a pocket between the rain. The recent heat has moved cotton up some but we are still about 10 days behind, based on planting date. Most of our crop will reach peak bloom about the 26th. Insects have been quite for the most part. We had a flurry of plant bugs early but aphids have been more prevalent, even after Transform, they came back. Fungus is present now and if we could get a rain, cotton would clean off. We have a ways to go with this crop and it needs water now.
Most of our pivots were on corn, which looks super, with the majority starting to show brown shucks.
Early beans are mostly R5 plus and need water. Insects haven’t been high – a few army worms and spotty bollworms but more stink bugs – mostly brown – are showing up and we are close to pulling the trigger. Our wheat beans are 3-5 trifolates and fairly clean. No real problems have developed.

Justin George, Merigold, found this black widow spider in his shake cloth!!

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Joe Townsend, Coahoma
7/5/2017 – Cotton – The crop ranges from 8th node (replant) to 15 nodes. We are in our third week of treating for plant bugs. The insecticides are working but there is still migration in. Most all the cotton needed a thrips treatment. Aphids flared in just a few fields recently. We’ve had good rains so far and the cotton looks really good.
Soybeans – Beans go from just emerging (wheat beans) to R5.8. The majority of the beans have not needed an insecticide yet. The season we’ve had so far make this crop look it’ll be a home run….EXCEPT for the many fields with dicamba damage.
Corn – All fields except a few late planted are into dent. We had a handful of fields needing a stink bug spray early on but not much else. The rain meant that the dryland fields look as good as the irrigated.

Reporting from the North Delta, Joseph Dean, Cleveland
7/6/2017 – Beans range from V4 to R5.5. We have been applying fungicide at R3-4. Up this point that stage of beans have been clean and have not had to add an insecticide. Stink bugs are starting to build in R5 beans. Picking up an occasional RBSB. At this point we have only treated 120 acres for stinkbugs that was bordered by corn on 3 sides. We are picking up an occasional pod worm and flushing moths in places.
Corn is from Dent to 50% milk line. We’ve found Southern Rust in a couple spots but are not too worried with the milk line where it is.
Cotton ranges from 12 to 15 Nodes. It has started to bloom this week. Plant bugs have not been terrible but have been persistent in places. We have been dealing with mostly migrating adults but are finding threshold of 1-2 day old nymphs today.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/11/2017 – Rain still seems to persist in most areas. It seems like we are going to miss rain for a day but seem to catch thunderstorms between 4 and 6 most days somewhere. We have gotten in most fields and cleaned up aphids. Finding eggs and flushing bollworm moths. Most cotton is just blooming with exception of some cotton on the west side of my area that’s in third week of bloom. Plant bugs, over all are light in most of my area with a few areas really picking up this week, especially around corn. We are applying some Ammonium Sulfate in some fields where nitrogen has been leached or cotton is showing deficient. Other deficiencies showing up. Soil samples and tissue samples are being pulled to find out other issues. These symptoms are mainly showing up in sandier fields. All similar soil types are showing same symptoms regardless of county. Not real sure what’s going on but we need to figure out soon.
Corn is at roasting ears to 10 days till black layer. Southern rust has blown up in some older corn but only need 7-10 days so we should be okay.
Peanuts are looking like peanuts where rains have at least slacked up a little. Apogee apps are going out on peanuts that are lapped. Insects and disease are almost nonexistent for now.
Soybeans are finally planted. Fields range from just cracking to R5.2. Herbicides are going out where needed and where it’s not too wet. No insect problems in soybeans at the present.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Burt Falkner, West Point
7/10/2017 – Cotton – Cotton ranges from 6-8 nodes to 12-17 nodes – started picking up blooms last week (NAWF 8-11). Treating isolated fields of plant bugs as numbers are down this week. Have treated a lot of young cotton for aphids and keeping aphids in check in older cotton with plant bug material – aphid numbers are down this week. We’re seeing the first slippage of worms in Bt cotton. Cotton is fruiting better with heat and suns. I had areas with 13 out of 15 days with rain. A lot of Pix out and still going out and lay-by – all over the board.
Soybeans – Growth stage of beans is from V8 to R5. Started fungicides plus Dimilin last week. Insect and disease pressure is low.
Corn – Corn growth stage is R3/R4. WE have not run pivots much this year, thanks for available moisture. I’m running into Southern rust at treatable levels in a few fields and a little Northern corn leaf blight. Rust is mainly variety specific.
Peanuts – All peanuts are laid-by and from 50–75 days old. The first fungicide is out on all fields – a little leaf spot but fungicide has that in check. Twin rows make a big difference in canopy closure. Lay-by materials are working well.

Reporting from the North Delta, Jim Arrington, Senatobia
7/11/2017 – Cotton – It’s been a struggle but finally starting to look like a cotton crop. Fruit set if good but plant bug numbers are on the rise. A lot of Diamond is going out in all treatments for nymphs. All treatments working well except where washed off by rain. Soybeans – All is quiet so far. Picked up about half a threshold of stink bugs in one field yesterday and beginning to see a bollworm moth or 2 next to corn fields.
Peanuts – Everything has had a leaf spot fungicide and most will have had a white mold shot by the end of the week. No insects to speak of at this time.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Bob Stonestreet, Clarksdale
6/29/2017 – Cotton: crop ranges from 8th node to second week of bloom (only 500 acres of this); plant bugs have been light overall; a few fields bordering grain that have received 2-3 treatments; aphids beginning to build in a few fields; crop looks ok considering all that’s been thrown at it.
Soybeans: crop ranges from just planted June 14th to R4; beginning fungicide applications; insects are light; bean leaf beetles picking up a bit this week; beginning to pick up a stray bollworm moth or two; expect flight to pick up in the next 10-14 days; Dicamba drift injury on 2500 acres or so in 2-3 counties; more precautions need to be taken by applicators so we won’t lose this technology.
Corn: crop looks really good; ranges from R2 to dent; Have been watching Northern corn leaf blight since tassel; this week, picked up Southern rust in west Coahoma County; have not applied fungicide yet; will continue to monitor

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
7-3-2017 – Cotton-The majority of our cotton will begin to bloom this week. Plant bug pressure is still extremely light for this time of year. Since we’ve made fewer plant bug insecticide applications, we’ve allowed aphids to build up. We’ve made a few Transform applications but have clean most up with multiple imidacloprid applications. We’ve got plant growth regulators on most of the fields and fruit set has been good. As usual, we’re seeing Bacterial Blight in several fields that seems to be triggered by herbicide injury. Hopefully it will go away like the last few years. We have weeds under control despite the uncooperative weather. Dicamba has been very helpful in accomplishing this.
Corn-Most of our corn has begun a starch line and is heading toward maturity. Several diseases have been present for over a month now but none has been a problem. I had mentioned finding Southern Rust in an earlier commentary but in every instance, it turned out not to be so until late last week. It seems to be popping up everywhere now but too little too late. Our biggest disappointments in the corn crop once again go back to planting practices that lead to lack of root development. Maybe one day we’ll learn!? At this point we’re just looking forward to not wondering through corn fields for a few months.
Soybeans-This crop continues to impress. We still haven’t experienced any extreme heat nor drought. If this continues a few more weeks with the April planted soybeans (ha), we should harvest a bumper crop since these are R5 plus. Insect pressure remains a nonissue. We’ll keep our fingers crossed.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/3/2017 – We haven’t had significant rainfall since Saturday night. Fields are beginning to dry up enough to hold a sprayer up. Growth regulators are going out with a lot of fields being treated for aphids. Cotton ranges from 5th node to 18 nodes. Cotton has improved overall and is holding more fruit than expected. Flushing lots of bollworm moths today in cotton and peanuts. Plant bugs are showing up a little more but still kind of light overall. Deer are still our biggest pest in cotton fields. They have literally eaten some 10-15 acre fields up and lots of acre around larger fields.
One field I swept today was running about 20% red banded stink bugs. Cotton isn’t even blooming and the other side of field was clean. First I’ve picked up all year.
Peanuts are from 30 to 85 dap. Lots of fields still a little waterlogged and off colored but have drastically improved in two days. Granulated cutworms aren’t hard to find but nothing at treatable levels. Lots of field work to get done in peanuts as soon as sprayers can run.
Most soybeans are being planted this week. The few older beans are at R5 today. Not a lot of pests showing up. Picking up a few brown stink bugs and kudzu bugs.
Corn is from tasseling to about 2 weeks from black layer. Northern and southern corn leaf blight is present to some extent in most fields.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Jeff North, Madison
6/26/2017 – Wet weather has impacted crop progress greatly. Both herbicide and insecticide applications have been delayed up to several weeks due to water logged fields. Ground equipment can’t operate from mud and rain and aerial applications have been compromised from rain and a back log of work on the books that can’t be finished. Many acres of cotton never received a thrips application and are now 8-9 nodes to blooming. I guess they drowned.
Cotton should begin to make progress with sunshine and moisture. There is still a lot of nitrogen to be side-dressed. Plant growth regulators will be applied at heavy rates when plant bug and aphid applications are made.
Corn is full dent in most fields with no major problems at this time. A good many acres were lost in Yazoo County from high water. Disease pressure is low. There are a lot of earworms in corn. More than usual it seems to me. This is our factory to produce the next generation on cotton and soybeans in the near future.
Soybeans range from not planted to R-3. Weed control has been delayed for weeks in several areas. Resistant pigweeds are not as prevalent in the hill section as they are in the delta, thus acceptable weed control can still be achieved with delayed applications though damage may already be realized from competition. It is just a matter of time though before these areas get them. I’m afraid we are playing Russian roulette. Bollworms are extremely light in blooming beans. Red banded stinkbugs, along with greens and browns are becoming more prevalent. I fully expect to have major problems with red banded as beans begin to set and fill pods. Some growers are opting to forego fungicide applications in anticipation of extra insecticide treatments. $9.00 beans will only cover so many applications. Severe infection of disease or numerous infestations of insects may really hurt this crop if growers become complacent due to tight budgets.

Reporting from the North Delta, Bill Pellum, Clarksdale
6/26/2017 – Cotton is anywhere from seeds just planted to dried bloom tags and bolls. Plant bugs came out in big numbers in places last week and left their mark on the cotton. I just made my first of the season spider mite recommendation and aphids are likewise starting to get my attention.
We are fungiciding soybeans, corn, pecans, and peanuts.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
6/26/2017 – Rain is still coming – we look for working places. Friday rain was between 1.25” – 2”. Corn and beans are loving it but the cloudy days and cool nights have slowed cotton. The rain has sure ruined a lot of nubbins. May be the best corn overall I’ve ever seen with most of it in the milk stage. No particular problems have shown up. We have lost time on cotton. Fruit set is not right and growth has been slow. We started plant bug applications today and there are a lot of aphids in some fields – more in fields with chemical damage. We have some Cotoran damage in some cotton that was just breaking out and rain carried it to the seedlings. One the oldest cotton we are using Bidrin with 4 oz./a PGR. Our second planting is getting Transform, where most of the aphids are. Cotton needs some morning sun and hotter nights. Weeds are still a problem as we seem to get a new flush after every rain. Most of our cotton is 6-9 nodes with a small acreage at 10 nodes.
Beans range from bag to early pod set. No serious bug problems have developed yet. The beans planted behind wheat are just up. May be finished with wheat harvest today. We had some very good yields that run from 60 – 92 bushels/acre.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/26/2017 – Cotton is from 1 true leaf to 2nd week of bloom. Plant bugs are almost non-existent. Begin picking up a few today but none anywhere near treatable levels. Aphids, on the other hand have absolutely blown up. Treatments will begin going out tomorrow. Flushing lots of bollworm and budworm moths today. Still lots of drowned out spots from all the rain but improving every day.
Peanuts are from 35 to 70 days old. Growers haven’t been in some of these fields for 45 days plus. Hopefully they can get in most over the next few days. No major issues other than trying to get out gypsum and a little herbicide work. Finding a few granulated cutworms everywhere but no treatable levels.
Still lots of soybeans to be planted. The few older beans I have look really good where they haven’t gone under water.
Diseases in corn have picked up this week and last week. Picked up southern rust in some corn today. Oldest corn is at full dent with youngest pre-tassel.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Trent LaMastus, Cleveland
6/23/2017 – Corn: nearly all my Corn is r4. The latest is r2. We have had a very quiet corn season since early season stink bug pressure. There has been very little disease up till now but, we expect that will change within the next two weeks with the current weather and maturity of the crop. Having said that I do not anticipate treating for disease unless it’s in our very limited acres of later corn. The crop looks very good and has received lots of timely rains. Most of the crop was irrigated once or started irrigation only to be turned off because on rains. Once again the moisture sensors I use on my growers are paying off.
Soybeans: most of the soybeans in my areas are from v12-v17/ r3-4+. We have very few late beans, v1-3. Insect and disease have been light till now. Our residuals held very well this year due to the many rains we received after planting. When the residuals ran out, it was a struggle to get more herbicide out because the rains and winds kept coming and there were issues with non-trait crops in the mix in many areas. We have seen our share of off target drift this year. Only time will tell how bad it hurt us. Many of our fields will be receiving a fungicide application next week as the current weather pattern clears out.
Cotton: Our cotton ranges from beginning the second week of bloom down to pinheaded square. We started off with light insect pressure. Things are picking up now though. We treated a couple fields for mites in the last 6 days. We also had a few fields we had to treat for aphids over the last two weeks. It is frustrating because we did all we could not to flare these insects. Some years you are just going to have problems with these two pests no matter what. And by the way, the idea that rain helps keep mites under control in my area is hog wash, in my book! All it does is mask the symptoms for a little while, especially early season. Plant bugs have picked up but still light overall. We are getting good control on them so far. Changing the subject, we have caught heck getting all of our cotton cleaned up from a grass and weed perspective. Same issues as with the beans – tough weather conditions and crop mixes. We will get there, it’s just going to be more expensive. Lots of Pix going out or trying to go out.
I hope everyone has a great year!

Phillip McKibben, Maben, sent in these 2 photos of Southern Rust in corn from Clay County, Mississippi

Jeff North, Madison, sent this photo of red banded stink bugs.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Tim Richards, Yazoo City
6/19/2017 – This planting season has been very challenging, it’s been work 2-4 days then rain and wait and one to two weeks later catch a similar window of field work. We have quite a few acres that did not get planted due to wet weather. We personally had over 1000 acres of preventive planting of cotton.
Cotton stages range from barely up to 15 nodes. We probably treated 30% total for thrips and most of those acres were later planted cotton. In most cases we had to treat for thrips because we damaged our cotton with preemerge chemicals and cotton was so unhealthy we could no longer tolerate the numbers we were carrying. We had several growers that used N Sol as a starter 2 inches to the side of the seed drill at 10 gallons per acre and this really looks good. I feel like the way we’re hammering this cotton with pre’s this keeps the cotton growing and healthier. I can’t help but wonder if Target Spot gets started on all this damaged leaf tissue because we’re “frying” a lot of this cotton. Plant Bugs are very much present on pigweed but we’ve treated very little so far but I expect this to change this week due to the fact we just had a window to hit them with Liberty or Dicamba. From what I’ve seen Dicamba absolutely needs to go out under a hood and this is still no guarantee it won’t “move”!
Soybeans look really good and range from just blooming to R3. Very quiet as far as insects. Have seen a few Red Banded Stink Bugs on host crops earlier and I expect them to be an issue on late beans.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/19/2017 – Cotton is from cotyledon to 14th node. Rainfall since last Friday has ranged from 1.2 – 8.5″.
Lots of saturated fields with extremely waterlogged cotton. Plant bugs are still fairly low but aphids are building quickly. Most growers got fields cleaned up last week so most fields are in pretty good shape from a weed standpoint.
Peanuts are from 30-60 Days old. Really need to get some fungicides out soon on some older peanuts. We need several days of sunshine to be able to get in to most peanut fields. Last I saw we have a 90% chance of rain for next 3 days so hopefully they will be wrong.
Corn is from pre tassel to early dent. Northern corn leaf blight is showing up in older corn and seems to really be moving up the plant. Will look at some of these fields tomorrow and try to make a decision on what to do.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Bert Falkner, West Point
6/19/2017 – Cotton – 20% was just planted and emerging. Will check stands this week. The balance of crop between 6 – 11 nodes. Started plant bug application last week and continuing this week. Numbers not real high – up to 12%. Also seeing a few moths, a few plants colonized by aphids and my first red banded stink bug. We received a little hail damage over the weekend and up to 5” of rain. This cotton crop has had a tough life so far! Still trying to get fields cleaned up between rains and would like to start Pix but a lot of this cotton is too uneven.
Corn is at R1 to R3 with a lot of potential. Rain this weekend will take it a long way. We’ve flown on a lot of nitrogen the last 10 days. Seeing a little water logged area deficiency symptoms showing up but disease is not a problem.
Soybeans are from V8 to R1/R3. Overall they are fairly clean as pre’s worked well this year (not saying we don’t have some pigweed escapes). Insects low in and we’ll start fungicides in older soybeans soon.
Peanuts are 30 – 45 days old and all fields are blooming. Starting layby applications this week and our first fungicide applications later this week. This is my first year to work with twin-row peanuts and am very pleased to far.

Reporting form the South Delta, Allen McKnight, Greenville
6/19/2017 – Most soybeans are at R3/R4. Have some pigweed escapes, especially where no dicamba was applied earlier. Winds and rain prevented later applications. Insects are insignificant at this time.

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