Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Jeff North, Madison
6/26/2017 – Wet weather has impacted crop progress greatly. Both herbicide and insecticide applications have been delayed up to several weeks due to water logged fields. Ground equipment can’t operate from mud and rain and aerial applications have been compromised from rain and a back log of work on the books that can’t be finished. Many acres of cotton never received a thrips application and are now 8-9 nodes to blooming. I guess they drowned.
Cotton should begin to make progress with sunshine and moisture. There is still a lot of nitrogen to be side-dressed. Plant growth regulators will be applied at heavy rates when plant bug and aphid applications are made.
Corn is full dent in most fields with no major problems at this time. A good many acres were lost in Yazoo County from high water. Disease pressure is low. There are a lot of earworms in corn. More than usual it seems to me. This is our factory to produce the next generation on cotton and soybeans in the near future.
Soybeans range from not planted to R-3. Weed control has been delayed for weeks in several areas. Resistant pigweeds are not as prevalent in the hill section as they are in the delta, thus acceptable weed control can still be achieved with delayed applications though damage may already be realized from competition. It is just a matter of time though before these areas get them. I’m afraid we are playing Russian roulette. Bollworms are extremely light in blooming beans. Red banded stinkbugs, along with greens and browns are becoming more prevalent. I fully expect to have major problems with red banded as beans begin to set and fill pods. Some growers are opting to forego fungicide applications in anticipation of extra insecticide treatments. $9.00 beans will only cover so many applications. Severe infection of disease or numerous infestations of insects may really hurt this crop if growers become complacent due to tight budgets.

Reporting from the North Delta, Bill Pellum, Clarksdale
6/26/2017 – Cotton is anywhere from seeds just planted to dried bloom tags and bolls. Plant bugs came out in big numbers in places last week and left their mark on the cotton. I just made my first of the season spider mite recommendation and aphids are likewise starting to get my attention.
We are fungiciding soybeans, corn, pecans, and peanuts.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
6/26/2017 – Rain is still coming – we look for working places. Friday rain was between 1.25” – 2”. Corn and beans are loving it but the cloudy days and cool nights have slowed cotton. The rain has sure ruined a lot of nubbins. May be the best corn overall I’ve ever seen with most of it in the milk stage. No particular problems have shown up. We have lost time on cotton. Fruit set is not right and growth has been slow. We started plant bug applications today and there are a lot of aphids in some fields – more in fields with chemical damage. We have some Cotoran damage in some cotton that was just breaking out and rain carried it to the seedlings. One the oldest cotton we are using Bidrin with 4 oz./a PGR. Our second planting is getting Transform, where most of the aphids are. Cotton needs some morning sun and hotter nights. Weeds are still a problem as we seem to get a new flush after every rain. Most of our cotton is 6-9 nodes with a small acreage at 10 nodes.
Beans range from bag to early pod set. No serious bug problems have developed yet. The beans planted behind wheat are just up. May be finished with wheat harvest today. We had some very good yields that run from 60 – 92 bushels/acre.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/26/2017 – Cotton is from 1 true leaf to 2nd week of bloom. Plant bugs are almost non-existent. Begin picking up a few today but none anywhere near treatable levels. Aphids, on the other hand have absolutely blown up. Treatments will begin going out tomorrow. Flushing lots of bollworm and budworm moths today. Still lots of drowned out spots from all the rain but improving every day.
Peanuts are from 35 to 70 days old. Growers haven’t been in some of these fields for 45 days plus. Hopefully they can get in most over the next few days. No major issues other than trying to get out gypsum and a little herbicide work. Finding a few granulated cutworms everywhere but no treatable levels.
Still lots of soybeans to be planted. The few older beans I have look really good where they haven’t gone under water.
Diseases in corn have picked up this week and last week. Picked up southern rust in some corn today. Oldest corn is at full dent with youngest pre-tassel.

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