Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Winston Earnheart, Tunica
Crops are looking good but need a general rain. Cotton is second week of squaring to blooming and is in good shape. Plant bugs have been rather light, with fields receiving 0 to 2 applications of insecticide. Control has been adequate and square set percentage has been high.
Rice is from just being flooded to some going into the boot stage. Over all, the rice crop is good. We are touching up some grass areas, and struggling to get a flood on the late planted rice. We have also had to deal with chinch bugs on some of the late rice.
Soybeans are from just emerged to R3 and we are beginning to apply some
R3 treatments. We have found some areas of kudzu bugs, but not to treatment levels. Some fields are troublesome with pigweed control.
Corn is being irrigated and most is through with pollination. We are worried about much of the corn pollinating during a heat wave.

Reporting from the North Delta, Tim Sanders, Sarah
6-12-2017 – Most corn is tasseling and relatively quiet. We had a few isolated stinkbugs early that we treated but that is it. Crop looks good.
Soybeans are 1-2 trifoliates to R3. Some have struggled with waterlogged conditions and early herbicide damage but most are recovering. Oldest beans look great. We have had some green stinkbugs building but haven’t treated any yet. Dicamba drift has occurred in a few locations and we are still trying to figure a few situations out. Herbicide delays and pigweed growth have made for some desperate situations in some cases.
Cotton is from planted this past Friday up to 10th node and squaring. We have treated small acreage for plantbugs but I expect that to increase quickly. Thrips were in many fields and some got treated but with the frequent rains, we avoided treating a lot of fields. Some cotton was planted 3 times because of sandblasting.
Rice is mostly planted. Some is at midseason. We have been way behind getting levees up due to all the rains. Lots of delays have occurred in herbicide treatments as well but overall the rice has remained fairly clean. We were able to hit some early to buy time and in many cases the pre’s worked very well with the moisture.
We had a good run of dry weather last week and into the weekend. A tremendous amount of field work got done and we needed that.

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
6-12-2017 – Rain, rain and more rain! That’s been the story of this spring, but we have still managed to get most of our crops planted. Keeping some clean has been a real challenge.
The corn is from tassel to milk stage and looks very good. In fields with plant populations from 32-35,000 we are seeing ears averaging around 18 rows of kernels with kernels per row in the high 30’s to low 40’s. We have loads of potential but still 30-45 days to maturity. Common Rust has been in most fields for quite some time and we were concerned that it may develop into a problem with the absence of high daytime temperatures, but it hasn’t. We’ve seen a little Northern Corn Leaf Blight and Southern Rust but nothing of concern so far. We’ve seen lesions that could develop into Gray Leaf Spot or Southern Corn Leaf Blight but nothing confirmed yet.
Over 90 percent of our soybeans were planted in the month of April and some will be at R4 this week. We’ve struggled to keep the pigweed under control in a few locations but the early start helped with this on most. The burndown and preplant herbicides did their jobs and the dicamba has proven to be another valuable tool. We’ve had some cotton acres switch to soybeans this month so we’ll have a few acres that will be late. Stink bugs are showing up in most fields including Red Banded. This will make these late planted soybeans a challenge to protect. As with the corn, this soybean crop has potential.
Most of our cotton crop just started squaring or will be at pinhead this week. We have a very small percentage that has been squaring for a couple of weeks now and finding plenty of tarnished plant bugs in it already. We’ve managed to keep the weeds under control and feel good about continuing to do so with the wider dicamba application window but have seen some of the worst burn from glyphosate and metolachlor that I’ve ever witnessed.
We have more fields with a little higher than desired plant populations and a few that we’ve struggled to get a good stand for various reasons. All in all, it’s a good start.

Reporting from the South Delta, Bryan Boyd, Edwards
6/12/2017 – Cotton ranges from just replanted to 11th node. This has been the hardest start I can remember. Most fields look ok on the upper end and very stunted on the low ends. My oldest cotton was supposed to be sprayed last week with imidacloprid for plant bugs averaging around 6%-8% but heavy rains last Monday and Tuesday caused a lot of it go under water, so it was never sprayed. Gates on the levee were opened Friday so a lot of the water is gone today. The cotton is still alive and is now running around 20% plant bugs with quite a bit of fruit shed. Most other cotton will be sprayed this week and next week with imidacloprid. We finally got into fields at the end of last week with herbicide applications. Approximately 110 acres have been abandoned because deer have destroyed the stand.
We will start fungicide applications in oldest soybeans next week. Still trying to clean up a few fields but otherwise pretty quiet right now.
Peanuts range from 21-35 days old. I have several fields that are 30+ days old that look like they are just emerging because deer are eating them up. I have never had this much deer damage. We can’t seem to get ahead of them.

Reporting from the North Delta is David Dubard, Cleveland
6/12/2017 – It’s been a tough start with cotton which ranges anywhere from cotyledon to 12 nodes. Insect pressure has been light. Pig weeds under control with dicamba.
Soybean crop looks fantastic – 95% of my beans were planted in April. Insect and disease pressure low.
Corn crop looks good as all was planted early. Insect pressure is low. Disease pressure starting to increase in some varieties.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/12/2017 – Cotton planters have been going since Friday trying to finish up. Rains came through today and I think that will wind up cotton planting for 2017. Plant bugs are picking up in pinhead square cotton. Sprayers have been running since last Friday and most growers got caught up on herbicide applications. Some fields were pretty grown up and were in dire straights from weed pressure and moisture stress. Cotton looked a lot better today with the 4 days of sunshine since last Thursday. Aphids are present in most fields with some honeydew in a few of the older fields. Really need some dry weather to help establish root system but forecast is not looking good.
Most peanut fields have had herbicide apps and are in pretty good shape. Gypsum applications have gone out on older peanuts where they could stand up. No other problems in peanuts.
Soybeans are still mainly in the sack. Hoping to get planted soon but weather is not cooperating at all.
Corn looks pretty good with not a lot of disease at the present.
Biggest problem is still wet fields, lots of drowned out spots and more rain coming.

Reporting from East Mississippi, John Clark Cook, Vaiden
6/13/2017 – Cotton: Ranging from just planted to 10th node. Thrips have been moderate this year been using acephate where needed. Plant bugs starting to show up, using imidacloprid on them. Weeds have been a problem, finally able to get fields cleaned up over the weekend.
Soybeans: Range from staying in the sack to R3. Can find RBSB in most older soybeans at low levels, but other than that no bug pressure. Weeds are the same as the cotton trying to get them cleaned up.
Corn: Loving the water and cool temps, no problems at this time.
Peanuts: Range from just emerging to staying in the sack and being shipped to Florida. No problems at this time.
This preventive planting may be a good option for growers but it damn hurts on this end. A budget buster for sure!

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