Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Justin George, Merigold
8/26/2014 – Beans: harvest aid is going out on early beans. Had two growers cutting yesterday and yields were excellent (4/12 planted 4632s). Some “early” harvest aid attempts being made to try for August Delivery. Stinkbugs and beetles are increasing in green Group IVs, but not going to need to treat. Picked up my first loopers last week in mid-May planted beans.
Corn: just beginning to cut today
Milo: we have been on top of Sugarcane Aphid, but in some blocks it’s hard to tell who is winning. Most fields have had two shot of spray. Hoping to Kill some milo first of next week.
Rice: someone sampled 729 yesterday and it was 30% moisture. 80% drained. Blast is easy to find in late planted (5/25-6/19) planted Rex, thankfully not many acres of that.
Everyone seems anxious to get started with harvest, but also about what to plant next year. All of the sudden $5 corn and $12 beans sounds good compared to what’s being offered.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/26/2014 – Later planted cotton fields have received treatments for worms, plant bugs, and stink bugs. Stink bugs finally showed up, not in extremely high numbers but enough to treat for. Hattiesburg area received a little rain in past week but areas that were so dry missed rains. Lots of cotton opening and will probably defoliate a few fields at the end of this week.
Soybeans are from R3 to R8. Stink bugs are being treated in most fields this week with few fields getting treatments for loopers and VBC.
Peanuts are from 80 to 115 days old. Spider mites are building in fields that have not received any rain and treatments have gone out in several fields over the weekend. I will probably check some older peanuts for maturity at the end of the week, mainly where it has been so dry to make sure nuts are not turning loose in the hull. Leps are still very low.
Corn harvest is in full swing. All I’m hearing is corn yields are good but down a little in the Hattiesburg area.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
8/26/2014 – Cotton- We are in the middle of another significant bollworm egg lay. Considering the leakage we’ve seen through the BG II and the pyrethroids, we’re spraying most cotton. We’ve got a little acreage that is considered “safe” at this point, but unfortunately, that’s not much. I’ve got a feeling this will be the last time through most of it except for maybe mites. Part of my area got a quality rain a night ago, and we’ve watered most everything one last time. Crop as a whole is excellent, with virtually no “weak spots”. Beginning to see regular open bolls in the oldest cotton and around edges. Plant bugs have been absent for about 10 days now.
Soybeans- All the early beans are done. Some have been desiccated and cut, with yields holding up well so far. We should get into a better bean crop shortly. The ONE field of wheat beans I have is at R3, and actually looks amazing considering they’re dry land and the heat they’ve been through recently. We had a ton of stink bugs make a run at us during late R5, mostly in the hills. We never put any insecticide out with fungicides, so we cleaned a lot of them up. Most of them are at R7 or close to it. We’ve got a few very small fields we never put any fungicides for “test plots”, and the frogeye pretty much killed them. We’ve got some fields in several counties I work where we catch kudzu bugs pretty regularly now. Not heavy numbers, but the kudzu close by is lousy with them.
Corn- All corn is black layered and drying down. Had one field that barely outran the southern rust, but it didn’t hurt us.
Milo- We’ve got some that has been chlorated, and we’ve been putting Transform out with all of our “kill shots” so they won’t run up into the head. Most of our milo that is actually the first application for aphids this year. The beneficials moved into most milo where we didn’t spray for midge and WIPED OUT the aphids. The few fields we had to treat for midge, we’re just trying to prevent them from being train wrecks at this point.
Beneficials are everything with this pest. Crop looks outstanding. We should have the majority of it cut within a couple of weeks.
Potatoes- We’ve got some fields that are basically ready to dig. They’ve been out a little over 90 days, were planted on 16″ spacings, and have had ample moisture. However, we can’t seem to jump through enough H2A loopholes to get some labor here to dig them. Bugs have been light for the most part, although we did clean up a good many fields recently for a variety of insects.

Leave a comment

Irrigation Termination Turnrow Talks – August 26, 2014

Learn When to Terminate Irrigation

Plan to attend an upcoming Irrigation Termination Turnrow Talk sponsored by the Mississippi Soybean Promotion Board, Mississippi State University (MSU) Extension Service and stakeholder organizations of the Delta Sustainable Water Resources Task Force.

Mississippi State University (MSU) irrigation specialist Jason Krutz, Ph.D., and MSU soybean specialist Trent Irby, Ph.D., will show Mississippi soybean farmers how to determine the right time to end irrigation in their fields. They will demonstrate how to determine when it is the right time to stop irrigating fields based on portable and permanent soil-moisture sensors and the plant’s physiology.

Mark your calendar for Aug. 26 to attend an Irrigation Termination Turnrow Talk at the following locations. Call the local extension office for more information and directions.

The following location and times for meetings are as follows:

Tuesday, August 26, 2015

9:00 a.m., Tunica County
Richie Bibb farm
Extension phone: 662-363-2911 – for more information and directions

1:00 p.m., Washington County
Delta Research and Extension Center, Stoneville
Extension phone: 662-686-9311 – for more information and directions

4:00 p.m., Leflore County
Reese Pillow farm
Extension phone: 662-392-8158 – for more information and directions


Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/19/2014 – Cotton is from 5 NAWF to blooming out the top to a few fields with open bolls. Dry weather has persisted in some areas and really taken its toll on cotton fields while other areas can’t seem to miss a rain. Bollworms have been the hot topic in the last 7 days and treatments have been going out. Plant bugs and stink bugs have really picked up so far this week. I have let go of a few fields and will be turning a few more loose this week. Cotton looks pretty good with exception of areas that have been extremely dry and can’t get a rain.
Peanuts are from 90 to 110 days old. Bollworms are in isolated fields but no treatments are going out yet. Peanuts are receiving irrigation for the last time unless it continues to stay dry. We will only water after this last irrigation to keep peanuts from getting extremely dry. Disease is beginning to show up a little more but we are still in pretty good shape.
Soybeans are from R1 to R7. Loopers and VBC are showing up as well as a few stink bugs but still erratic and from field to field. Nothing really across the board.
Corn harvest is slowly getting started. No one has cut a lot. All I have heard so far is it is good. Haven’t heard any numbers on yield. Scattered showers have kind of put harvest at a standstill but should pick back up today.

Reporting from the South Delta is Haley Easley, Greenwood
8/19/2014 – Corn is done and harvest has begun in places. Stinkbug pressure in beans is lower than usual for R5/R6 stage. Only insect concern now is a few hot spots of BLB. All later planted beans received treatments for bollworms and have remained relatively clean. We’ll be cleaning up this early planted cotton for plant bugs and stink bugs for the last time soon.
White mold is present in all peanut fields and we’re treating for it now. We’re about 30 days from digging. Have had no insect pressure this year.

Reporting from the North Delta is Ray Chacon, Cleveland
8/19/2014 – Starting corn harvest today. Early planted soybeans are drying down – treated wheat beans for BLB using 1# acephate – good control. Peanuts have had no insect or disease treatments this season.
Cotton is winding down – 2 weeks or so of scouting left. We’ve been on a 12 day plant bug schedule and have sprayed for bollworms twice so far. All crops look good with a strong potential.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Bert Falkner, West Point
8/19/2014 – Most corn is at black layer and drying down. Some dry land corn harvest has started, although moisture is high – hearing pretty good yields.
Peanuts are at 100 days. I’ve got 2 white mold applications out and may make another at 110 days. Insect pressure remains low. I believe our crop has potential.
The R53/4 and R6, G4 soybeans are starting to turn. Overall insects are very low. Waiting for next week for a looper run but not seeing moths. Need one more rain to finish them up. Wheat beans are from V7 to R1/R2. All later planted beans have received 1 app for armyworms and some have 2 apps.
Early planted cotton is 0-2 NAWF. I’ve seen 1 open boll on late April cotton on 30” rows in the prairie. Cleaning up these fields now for plant bugs and stink bugs. Later planted cotton is 3-5 NAWF and has been recently sprayed for plant bugs and stink bugs – adults and nymphs. Mixed pix in on some of this later planted cotton. We have a good fruit load and good potential but will need another rain where we can’t irrigate.
Sweet potatoes are at about 90 days. The set looks good as far as we can tell and may possibly start digging some of the older potatoes next week to take advantage of pricing. Insect pressure has been fairly low but have had nematode problems.
We’re watering everything except corn where we can. Peanuts, sweet potatoes and wheat beans still have a ways to go.

Reporting from the North Delta is David Dubard, Cleveland
8/19/2014 – Corn has been terminated and harvest has started – yields are good. Early planted soybeans have been terminated and receiving harvest aids this week. Insect pressure very light in later planted beans.
Plant bugs pressure light to moderate in cotton. Big bollworm flight in BGII cotton – seemed to be a little worse in WideStrike cotton. We should be defoliating some in 2 weeks.

Tim Richards, Yazoo City, shows off one of the many, although fairly uncommon, uses for a sweep net (weapon) in this photo. Check it out!. Click image to enlarge.

Cottonmouth - Tim Richards - 8'14

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
Cotton — most of our cotton is at NAWF 5 or less. We got watered around last week, and received scattered rains the last couple of days. Insects have been light to moderate. Plant bugs have been low in most places with a few hot spots. The aphids crashed this last week. Boll worm egg lay has been low, but steady. We are making our second Prevathon app on our non-Bt cotton now. Pyrethroids have been added on all our sprays on Bollgard cotton and seem to have prevented much boll damage. I always GET nervous this time of year worrying about worms in Bt cotton. We have been noticing some bacterial blight and are very concerned. (See photo at bottom of reports)
Soybeans — a good portion of our beans are maturing rapidly. Insect pressure in these beans was very low. We only had to spray a few places for stink bugs. Our wheat beans are another story. We sprayed most of these last week with Intrepid Edge, Besiege, and Belt for bollworm. Still have some spots not blooming that will require a treatment soon.
Corn — harvest has started in a few locations, but is not wide open yet. All irrigation has been terminated. No yield reports yet.
Milo – sugar cane aphid has been the main problem. We sprayed most of our acres and got good results, but may have to treat again next week. Still have some milo that is not headed out.
Peanuts — got some needed rain the past few days. Will be making our second white mold app. this next week. Had to spray more army worms and a few bollworms last week.
Veggies — still no problem with the Diamond backs like we had last year. Still setting transplants so we still are in harm’s way. We have been on a strict spray schedule which has been working well this year.

Reporting from the South Delta is Jason Grafton, Madison
8/11/2014 – Soybeans- We have been spraying R3–R4 beans for bollworms and armyworms. Stinkbugs and loopers have been picking up in R6 beans. Overall, I think the soybean crop is really good.
Cotton-Last week we sprayed a lot of fields for FAW’s. Plant bugs have been moderate in most places, heavy in a few spots. Still picking up a few scattered bollworms. Spider mites, so far have been manageable. Where the cotton is good it’s really Good! And where it’s bad…. well, I feel like the good is going to make up for the bad.
Milo- Sprayed for white sugarcane aphids over the weekend. I’ll look at them on Wednesday. On all accounts so far sounds like I may be disappointed.

Reporting from the South Delta is Bruce Pittman, Coila
8/11/2014 – April planted cotton bolling up and will probably treat it one more time for plant bugs. For all other ages of cotton will be playing it by ear for the rest of the season. Plant bugs have been steady but not bad. I’ve experienced some slippage on BollGard II cotton but damage looks about normal – 3-5%.
The majority of my soybean crop is at R6.5 – R7.0 and has not received any treatments since fungicide at R3-R4. The later planted crop (wheat beans, replants) has had an application over the last 10 days for armyworm and bollworms.
Milo received an application of 1 oz. Transform for sugarcane aphid seven days ago and I expect a follow-up shot this week. Also applied Besiege at ¾ heading.
Peanuts are from 90-100 days from planting and just received Bravo WeatherStik plus Vive for leaf spot. We’ve been on a disease regiment since day 45. Future treatments from now on will be dictated by insect and disease pressure.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/12/2014 – Cotton is form 6-2 NAWF. Found a few open bolls yesterday on some deep sand that has been extremely dry. We have gotten rain in most areas over the weekend that totaled .4 to 3″. In the dryer areas a lot of boll cavitation and fruit shed has taken place in the last 7-10 days. Plant bugs are still very isolated and stink bugs are picking up.
Peanuts are from 70 to 100 days old. White mold is showing up, especially where it has been dry and finally got rains. TSWV is worse than I have seen in a long time. Worms are still light in peanuts. Garden flea hoppers are at pretty high numbers in all fields. No treatments for insects going out at this time.
Soybeans are from R1 to R7. Fields that were treated for aerial web blight 3 weeks ago are getting another fungicide app this week – mainly fields where we had to go out early. Loopers, VBC, and a few stink bugs are showing up in beans. Will probably be spraying some later beans next week.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
8/12/2014 – We were the driest this area has been from July 22 to August 7. Since August 7th we have received 1.5 to 3.2 inches of rain. Need sun and heat now.
Cotton; looks very good even with some weather shed. Crop is about 2 weeks behind in development. We are still running some PGR and spraying some spotty plant bugs. Most of our cotton is 1 to 3 NAWF. No worm pressure.
Soybeans; wheat beans sure look better after the rain. We have had some heavy FAW infestations and all wheat beans have been sprayed, some twice. Old beans are R6 to 6.5 and look good.
Corn; harvest will begin week of 18th. Looks good- We are anxious.

Bacterial blight on cotton leaves and bolls. Photo from Tucker Miller. Click on image to enlarge.
bacterial blight on leaf and boll - TM 8-14

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/6/2014 – Cotton around the Hattiesburg area has gone backwards with no rain this week. It’s kind of disheartening when you have 40-50% chance of rain for 10 days straight and get no rain. Cotton has shed a bunch of fruit this week due to zero moisture. Spider mites have been treated in a few more fields and a few fields treated for bollworms. Plant bugs are pretty hard to find other than a few nymphs. Most cotton is 2-5 NAWF and a few fields will have an open boll in 7-10 days. Youngest cotton was at 1st bloom this week.
Peanuts are beginning to show signs of drought stress, especially older fields that have a big load of peanuts. White mold is still real light but I am picking up a few hits this week. TSWV is worse than I have ever seen and plants are dying in isolated spots from it. Spider mites have popped up in a few fields and a field or two have been spot treated. Garden flea hoppers are also very heavy in some fields.
Soybeans are from R1 to R6.5. Loopers and VBC are beginning to show up but nothing too heavy as of yesterday. Stink bugs are still unusually light and almost nonexistent. Aerial web blight has been rampant from the Pearl River back east towards Collins and south towards Wiggins. Beans as young as V4 have been have been treated.
Corn is mostly drying down with a few fields 14 days away from black layer.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
8/7/2014 – Things are beginning to wind down in our neck of the woods.
Our earliest beans have begun to turn (a welcomed sight), we’re wrapping up fungicide applications on our later planted beans, and the wheat beans are not that far behind. Insects and diseases have been light over all, just more alfalfa hoppers emerging in the same areas where we fight them every year. We’re trying out the new threshold where we are close to R6 and no other pests are in the field.
Cotton ranges from 4-6 NAWF, but it seems to be rapidly moving up the stalk. We stopped all Pix apps last week when the stalks showed the first signs of hardening off. Plant bugs have not been that heavy, but very steady since first bloom. No stinkbugs so far.
We have treated all of our milo for sugarcane aphid, and have had 80-95% control with Transform, which we’re hoping is good enough to at least keep them down in the canopy. Our earliest is in the firm dough stage, latest is approaching milk stage (finishing bloom). It’s looking like we’ll have to make a second application on the later crop.
Corn has reached black layer, and we are just hoping for rapid dry-down.
Our oldest sweet potatoes reached 90 days this past week, so we tried a few spots for size. They needed a few more days, but price and an empty supply chain will probably dictate some sacrifice in yield, and we’ll see some fields harvested within the next ten days for sure. When the crop nears physiological maturity, it is not uncommon for yield to increase 50 bushels per week; so that’s a little over $70 per acre for every day that we can delay harvest. Making that decision is not for the faint of heart… especially with 2009 so close to memory, when over half the state’s crop was never harvested because of a wet fall.
LORD help us.

Reporting from the South Delta is Billy Bryant, Greenwood
8/7/2014 – Cotton – I’ve treated bollworms in my Bollgard II cotton twice on a 12 day interval and in the PhytoGen cotton on a 10 day interval on average. So far I’ve been pleased with the control I received from the pyrethroid tank mix. Have used Prevathon on some PhytoGen cotton and will do more next week, if needed as we are in a continuous egg lay right now. Plant bugs have been very light and aphids crashed last weekend across all the acres I check. The spider mites sprayed in early July have yet to build back up. We’ll wait and see what they do. This cotton crop looks strong – good from end to end.
Soybeans – Have treated 100% of the wheat and replanted beans (R2-R3) in the last 10 days for bollworms and some older beans (R5.8) were treated for stink bugs. I am really pleased with the combination fungicide treatments we used this year at R3-early R4. It seems we got ahead of frog eye and other diseases and put the brakes on them.
Milo – We have worms of every species and their pressure has been extreme. Midge has also been heavy and the sugarcane aphid – horrendous! I’ve treated all my acres with Besiege plus Transform. Aphid control was marginal but all other insects were controlled. Hopefully, the Transform will keep the aphids down in the plant. Time will tell.
Corn – All done. We should start cutting some around the 15th. Will have an above average crop.
Peanuts – We’ve got very light armyworm presence but nothing at treatable levels and a trace of Southern blight in some fields but certainly not an issue that I can tell. Treated all fields with a combination fungicide for white mold and came back in 14 days with another application. Our environmental conditions are ideal for white mold so we’ve got to stay ahead of it.

Reporting from the South Delta is Herbert Jones, Leland
8/7/2014 – All young soybeans at R1 –R3 had to be sprayed last week or this week for pod feeders. The older beans are still clean. Where are the stink bugs??
All scenarios exist in cotton. Old cotton is cutting out. Still getting egg lay in middle age cotton and still fighting plant bugs and eggs in younger cotton. No big egg lay, just consistent. Can’t end fast enough for me!

Reporting from the North Delta is Ed Whatley, Clarksdale
8/8/2014 – Soybeans- I have terminated insect control in a good many April planted beans. Stink bugs have been light so far, but I am picking up more this week. I have sprayed most of my beans that are blooming for pod worms. Bean leaf beetles have only been a problem in a spot or two. Diseases are presents, but most of my beans will outrun them.
Milo is a nightmare trying to make decision to control sugarcane aphids. I had to spray all milo that had green heads for headworms.
Corn- all corn has been terminated – will start harvest in 7 days.

Reporting from the North Delta is Joe Townsend, Coahoma
8/8/2014 – Corn – Some fields are getting a last irrigation, most corn is at dent stage.
Grain Sorghum: The crop ranges from 75% headed out to beginning to turn red. All our grain sorghum has now been treated once for sugarcane aphids, and some has now been treated twice. The numbers built back up almost to their original level in a little over two weeks which is concerning. We’ve had enough worms to spray in some fields, and most fields have had a second shot for midge. The grain sorghum potential looks huge.
Beans: Beans range from V6 to done. Armyworm pressure has been high on the wheat beans. Stink bug numbers have begun to rise again in the R5 beans.
Cotton: The cotton is from 7-2 NAWF. Plant bugs are steady flying into the cotton every week. Aphids are still present with no sign of the fungus yet. We have treated some fields for worms as well. The crop looks great.

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Will Price, Oakland
8/2/2014 – Rice: We are mostly a week plus out from heading and armyworms are showing up again, but primarily in grass bordering fields at this time.
Soybeans: Stinkbugs are spotty in beans at or beyond R5. We have treated some of our oldest beans for them, but not all. Bollworms/pod worms are now showing up in beans from R2-R3, but not at treatable numbers yet. Most of the oldest beans should be really, really good.
Corn: Most farmers are just about to, or are on their last irrigation cycle, and milk line is down about 50% or better. I have high hopes for most all of this corn.
Grain Sorghum: I am anywhere from 6 collars to 2 weeks from maturity. I started picking up White sugarcane aphids yesterday in spots at low levels. I am not picking up any honeydew yet, but with the younger milo, treatment seems inevitable. Tying in midge, aphid, and worms, will present a challenge in some fields.
Cotton: Plant bug numbers aren’t overwhelming, but are steady. I was attempting to make a 2nd Novaluron application, and supply got tight. We have started picking up bollworm moths and a very low egg lay in general which seems to be rising slowly over the last 5 to 7 days. We have treated a few isolated fields for worms, but not many….yet.

Reporting from the South Delta is Tim Richards, Yazoo City
8/2/2014 – Greetings to everyone from the South Delta of Mississippi. Insect pressure has been constant but not heavy, with the exception of west of Rolling Fork where plant bug pressure has been heavy. Earlier in the growing season we stuck with Transform and it did a wonderful job on adult plant bugs. As cotton got bigger/ranker, we switched off to mixtures containing Diamond to control plant bug nymphs. We’ve had some issues with wash-off and had to reapply. Diamond, as I understand it, is short supply but to date we’ve been to get it.
I’ve treated quite a few acres for spider mites in Humphreys County, in an area that has been drier and where we’ve traditionally had problems with spider mites. I’ve used Agrimek and coupled with cooler temperatures, it has abated them back well. With the ample moisture this season, we’ve use more PGR’s than I ever remember. Most of the earliest planted cotton is at NAWF5/6. Young cotton still has several weeks to go.
The main story is that pigweed is in all 5 counties we work1 There is more hoeing/chopping than I’ve seen in 20 years. We might have to go back to cold steel and incorporated herbicides.
I’m just starting to treat soybeans for stinkbugs and a lot of loopers that are showing up now. Oldest beans are at early full seed.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
8/4/2014 – Cotton-We’re still pouring the pix to it right now. It seems like everything we have has so much horsepower under it, that it’s taking consecutive shots of growth regulator to stop it. We’re bolling up good now, and there’s really not a field of cotton anywhere that doesn’t look great. Even the late May cotton is full of potential. A few people are spreading some additional Potash with Sulfur or have already done it to fix some yellow spots. We pulled tissue samples and soil samples from the same areas, and were deficient in both sets of samples. Maybe the heavy rains way back earlier washed some down the row? Plant bugs still pretty slow, and we’ve just finished round 2 with stink bugs. They’ve transitioned from mostly brown to nearly all green. Bollworm egg lay hasn’t gone over about 15% on bloom tags, and we’ve found very few worms to this point. One thing I can say is that these newer varieties will definitely be replacing some of our older, tried-and-true varieties. Most cotton planted early to mid-May is at NAWF 5-6, but is still making up a storm.
Corn- What little bit I’m looking at is about 10 days from black layer. We’ve had zero corn borers, and virtually zero disease pressure, although there are several diseases ramping up now.
Soybeans- Older beans range from mid R5 to R6. We’ve gone back and treated stink bugs in some, and some beans we haven’t had any bugs in all year. I have now found kudzu bugs in all the counties I work either in kudzu or soybeans. Found a patch of kudzu today next to a 40 A cotton field that was COVERED in kudzu bugs. Younger beans just receiving fungicides, along with insecticides, today. Wheat beans recovered from the armyworm invasion and are at V4-V5.
Grain Sorghum- Up to this point, we haven’t sprayed a single field yet for midge or armyworms. Milo looks phenomenal, and I’ve had to tell several of my growers “I don’t know what it’s going to cut, because I’ve never seen any this good” several times. We found our first fields today with enough headworms to treat, but most of the earlier stuff may actually get by without any sprays. We’re picking up sugarcane aphids in several fields, but still at extremely low levels. I’m guessing because we didn’t flare them earlier?
Sweet potatoes- Oldest potatoes are already beginning to size up some. Younger potatoes just finishing root differentiation. This has been one of the heavier bug years we’ve had in a while. Mostly flea beetles and cucumber beetles with some armyworms mixed in. We put a shot of Dual over the top of all our potatoes after the last plowing, and it looks great. We’re at about 70 days on our oldest transplants, and we set them out at 16″ spacing, so they should be ready to dig soon.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/4/2014 – In the counties right around Hattiesburg, rains have been far and few between. All other areas have received 1.5 to 3 inches since last Thursday. Cotton is from 16 to 22 nodes and most is running 3-7 NAWF. Insects overall are still light but plant bugs are still persistent in pockets. Stink bugs are scattered around but not extremely high anywhere. A few fields have been treated for stink bugs with most of theses fields running 4-6% small worms behind bloom tags so a pyrethroid was used. Garden flea hoppers are pretty high in most fields as well. Aphids have finally crashed across the board but only in the last few days. Spider mites have been treated in a few fields and have been found in several more. The areas without rain in the last couple of weeks are kind of in dire straits and lots of fruit is shedding.
Corn is from full dent to black layer. Most acres are mature and drying down.
Soybeans are from V5 to R6. Loopers, velvet bean caterpillars, and a few bollworms are beginning to show up. Stink bugs are still relatively light. Garden flea hoppers are becoming a problem in lots of soybean fields. Aerial web blight is pretty bad across my entire area. It has been an issue in beans as young as V4 and some fields have been sprayed at the V4 stage.
Peanuts are from 75 -100 days old. Disease is still extremely light. I found my first white mold hit yesterday in a field and only found one hit. Insects are light with exception of garden flea hoppers, and they are very high in some fields. Peanuts look really good but they all need a good rain right now.

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Justin George, Merigold
7/29/2014 – Rice: first planted rice is moving toward draining, likely in 2 weeks. Low #’s of rice stinkbugs, but armyworms have been a nuisance on edges. Grass control has been pretty good this year, but do have grass in Bolivar County that Newpath and Regiment mixes are having a hard time controlling. Prowl applied early has looked like a champ due to constant wetness. Also, where flood was delayed due to rainy conditions and no levees, the rice is very erratic and may have grain quality issues.
Soybeans: oldest beans are late R6 – full pods and likely only need 1-2 more rains/waterings. Do see some bollworms in indeterminate 5.3 beans that are being treated with Belt or Besiege. A lot of big beans at R3 and beyond that have not had nor needed irrigation to this point. Lanes for poly pipe just now being mowed in many fields. Excellent looking bean crop over all.
Milo: have seen lots of corn leaf aphids and Sugarcane aphids. This new aphid looks like it could potentially be a real nuisance at harvest. Very Sticky Honeydew in a short period of time can develop.
Corn: last watering on some this week. I know a lot is approaching black layer but is still 7 days out. Most growers are through irrigating though. I only have one grower that was able to water through completely twice. Most have only started to water twice, before being caught by rains. We have not pumped much groundwater this season on corn nor beans. Growers have even commented, “I sure haven’t bought much diesel this season”. I am interested to see if there is any reflection in water table or in YMD reports.

Reporting from the South Delta is Andy Tonos, Greenville
7/30/2014 – Corn: Not much going on most has reached milk line 1/2-3/4 way. Pretty much done with it. Some may get watered again depending on this rain this week. No diseases or insects ever amounted to anything. Soybeans: Some started back irrigating this week. Applying insecticides for bollworms and fungicides and cleaning up some escaped weeds and grasses. No stink bugs have amounted to anything yet. Cotton: recently applied our fourth spray for a complex of plant bugs, aphids and spider mites along with more Pix. Rice: Finishing up fungicides and applying pyrethroids for stink bugs. Hope to drain some of the earliest fields in a couple weeks.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Bert Falkner, West Point
7/30/2014 – Cotton is at 5-9 NAWF. I’m disappointed in the boll load lower in the plant in some of the cotton on heavier ground where we’ve had so much rain. All weather related. In the prairie, some cotton never has gotten good color – applying fertilizer and pix through the pivot now. Plant bug numbers are low but picking up treatable levels of stink bugs. Seeing bollworm moths but egg lay is light. Treated some areas for spider mites. With a little help from Mother Nature, we’ll be okay.
We’re actually replanting some wheat beans now but other wheat beans are in the V3/V4 range and the older beans at R 5.5. Frogeye is noticeable but hasn’t increased after fungicide plus Dimilin out at R3. We’ve sprayed a lot of our wheat beans for fall armyworms. Other than some 3CAH in places on our older beans, insect pressure, in general, is low. This north wind has been drying things out over the past several days.
Corn is at dent to 7 days from black layer and looks very promising. This weeks’ irrigation should wind it up. Treated a good bit of corn for Southern rust in some areas. There will be very little corn cut in August this year.
Peanuts are from 80-90 days old. Applying the 2nd white mold application now and observing some root-type disease in places. This crop looks good and has potential and also a long way to go. We’ve had a lot of rain on them.
Also had to treat some sweet potatoes for armyworms and experiencing some nematode issues. The older vines are starting to set potatoes. They look okay and will benefit from some dry weather.
Farmers in this area have a lot of concerns over prices.

Reporting from the North Delta is Winston Earnheart, Tunica
7/30/2014 – In the northern delta, crops are good, with adequate moisture and cooler temperatures contributing. In cotton, plant bugs have been kept under control and fruit load looks good. The crop is somewhat later than normal. We have had some aphid buildup behind plant bug treatments in some fields. Rice has looked good all year, and fields that are heading have been monitored for rice stink bug. Some fields have needed treatment, but not all. We are having more trouble with flatsedge that is resistant to Permit. Areas affected are increasing every year. Pollination has been excellent, and prospects are good.
Soybeans have been getting a buildup lately of green clover worms, and armyworms and have given us problems, primarily in wheat beans. In the Panola County area, we had some wheat beans stripped of all leaves and some buds along tree lines.
Milo has been getting midge treatments, and we are seeing more buildup of the surgarcane aphid.
Most of our older corn is getting the last dose of irrigation and prospects are good.

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Bill Pellum, Clarksdale
7/25/2014 – Cotton’s primary focus has been bugs, pix, and chopping pigweeds. Plant Bug management has been a challenge. The number of apps ranges from 2 to 8 with additional border treatments next to corn, soybeans, pecan orchards, vacant lots, etc. Spider Mites have been hit and aphid populations are exploding now.
Rice and Soybeans are receiving fungicides now with insects below treatment thresholds.
Milo is receiving treatment for Midge and White Sugarcane Aphid now.
It is just about miserably wet and we’re receiving an unexpected downpour now.
Diseases may be our issue. We had to add some corn to the fungicide program today and I picking up Scab in the Pecan Orchards where I usually don’t see ANY.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/25/2014 – We got a little more rain in needed areas. Aphids seem to be crashing in most fields and plant bugs still fairly light. Picking up a few nymphs but have to search hard. Flushing bollworm and budworm moths in cotton and eggs are pretty easy to find.
Peanuts are still low in disease. Looked at all of the older peanuts in the last two days and white mold is almost nonexistent. Insects are low as well.
Soybeans are still kind quiet of with exception of aerial web blight and a little frog eye. Insects are still light. Picking up a green stink bug occasionally.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
7/25/2014 – The rains have abated some, but we are still needing more sun. We have had lots of fog and cool nights. Cotton is growthy with lots of PGR has gone out. Plant bugs are our main problem with an increase in stink bugs. We are spraying everything this week (2nd time) for plant bugs. Some of our cotton has reached 5NAWF but most is 6 or 7 NAWF. Development is slow but looks very promising.
Soybeans are a mixed bag. A few are at R5-6 and some just planted. Most of our wheat beans are at 2nd and 3rd trifoliate. Stink bugs are our most prevalent pest, but have lots of loopers, some yellow striped army worms, FAW, kudzu bugs, 3CAH all mixed in. We are spraying most of our older beans this week and may have to spray some wheat beans next week. We are fairly clear of disease – a little frog eye around, but only spotty. However we are adding fungicides in older bean sprays. The varied populations bother me. My crop areas have had 15-18″ of rain since June 1.
Corn: Most of it has made. Some dry down has started. Overall it is a fine looking crop.
May we be blessed with some sunny days now.

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben
7/21/2014 – In cotton, we used to talk about Pix rates in terms of ounces per acre… seems like these days our rates are more in terms of pints per acre. We have most of our cotton under control, but overall it’s a little taller than we would have preferred. Plant bugs are under control. Aphids are still light.
Most of our early beans had a fungicide applied, later beans are getting one now, and our wheat beans look good but have a long way to go.
Corn is beginning to dent.
Sweet potatoes look great… which usually means nothing relating to yield and quality. This crop has definitely had more rain than it has needed; we are just hoping for the best. We are seeing some “blackleg”, a bacterial rot that is not common at all. Hopefully when the constant rains subside so will this disease.

Reporting from the South Delta is Lauren Green, Greenwood
7/21/2014 – Rainfall was anywhere from 2 inches to almost 7 inches last Friday. Corn is a third to half way to black layer in most all acres. Finding some southern rust in fields along with diplodia ear rot and very little trichoderma. Sorghum should finish heading out this week and will be scouted for midge. Some was treated last week for sugarcane aphid. Will also be looking for headworms. Soybeans range anywhere from R1 to R6. Insect pressure is building in places. Spraying for stink bugs in places on older beans. Starting to flush podworm moths yet not finding threshold of worms anywhere yet. Disease pressure is still light except for frogeye leaf spot on susceptible varieties. Cotton is from tenth node to full bloom. Plant bug pressure has been moderate in places to needing to trim along some borders every 4-5 days. Began to find around ten percent egg lay today and still flushing some bollworm moths. Also had a few fields today where aphids were building to high numbers.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/21/2014 – Rain last Friday dropped from .4 to 1.25″. The further west toward the Mississippi River the more rain. In the areas that were drought stressed we received the least amount of rain. Cotton ranges from 11th node to 19 nodes and overall looks really good. Drought areas have around 16-17 nodes and a decent load but are pretty much bloomed out. Aphids in some areas have crashed and in others are building. Plant bugs are still extremely light with exception of a couple of isolated spots. PGRs are going out in most areas and are pretty much going out alone. Flushing lots of bollworm moths as well as tobacco budworm moths in cotton over the weekend and today. Finding lots of eggs in terminals as well as bloom tags. Bacterial blight is in lots of fields as well.
Soybeans are from V3-R5.5 and look really good across the board. We are still dealing with army worms in young beans where we are treating grass. Kudzu bugs are still building in lots of fields but I have not sprayed for them yet. Worms are extremely scarce in beans but have been flushing lots of moths in the last couple of days.
Peanuts are looking really good and still yet to find any disease. I will look at a bunch of peanut fields tomorrow so I probably shouldn’t have said “no disease”. Insects are extremely light as well.
Southern rust has blown up in the last week in oldest corn. Oldest corn is probably 10 days to black layer so hopefully it won’t hurt too bad.

Reporting from the North Delta is Billy Price, Charleston
7/21/2014 – Corn is pretty much done and with the rain we had last Friday, we had 1.5 to 6.5″ this may carry us to black layer on some of our older corn. Very little fungicides have been applied.
Beans range from gave up to R5.5 and our older beans look great. We have applied fungicide and insecticide on our older beans earlier and stink bugs are building up and may have to hit them again also flushing looper and bollworm moth. The younger beans we had army worms to deal with.
Cotton ranges from 6 NAWF to 9, on some farms we were not able to get PGR’s out on time and cotton is too tall!! Since mid-part of last week we started flushing bollworm and looper moth, so far most cotton has good fruit retention and most has had two plant bug sprays.
Grain Sorghum is just starting to head, we set some up today to treat for Midge on one farm we planted early.
Hope to get out of this early corn soon and these early beans will cut in late August. These late beans may go into October. Hope prices improve soon.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
7/22/2014 – Cotton: Cotton ranges from just blooming to some older cotton at NAWF 4. Plantbugs are still the main issue. Numbers are moderate in most cases but steady. Anything near corn is constant and some have been very high. Aphids are beginning to show up but are very light so far. No mite issues yet. Bollworm moths are becoming more prevalent.
Soybeans: Beans range from unifoliate stage to mid R5. A few armyworms were treated last week along with glyphosate in a couple of young fields. Older beans are beginning to draw in enough stinkbugs to treat in a few fields. BLB numbers have been low all year. Bollworm moths are picking up. It has been pretty quiet.
Corn: All corn is entering dent stage and some may be at black layer in 10-14 days. Disease and insect pressure has been light.
Rice: Oldest rice is nearly 100% headed. Stinkbugs have been low so far. We have a good bit at late boot to boot split. Younger rice is entering boot stage. Sheath blight has been present but light. Fungicides have gone out for sheath blight and smut control on some varieties.
Milo: Most milo is heading and midge applications have gone out. Aphid pressure has been light so far but may get worse behind midge sprays.
Most crops have made big improvements with consistent rains.

Leave a comment

Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Joseph Dean, Cleveland
7/18/2014 – Cotton is 16 to 17 nodes and is blooming good. Plant bugs have not been terrible but are persistent. We are on our 3rd application. I am seeing some spider mites in the cotton this week but they are not bad enough to spray at this point. Hoping the rain will hold them back.
Soybeans range from just coming up behind wheat to mid R5 in March planted group 4s. I am picking up some moderate levels of stinkbugs in these. Insect levels are low in all other beans. I picked up a few more pod worms this week than last and flushed a couple more moths but they are not at any level to concern me right now. Frog eye is easy to find in susceptible varieties. Fungicides have been going out at R3 to R4.
Corn ranges from dough stage to dent and 30 % milk line. This rain today may finish off the oldest corn. Disease levels are still low.
Rice ranges from midseason to starting to boot and flag. Army worms are persistent in places. I am mainly finding them on edges but I have a few fields they are from side to side.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/18/2014 – Cotton is from 11 to 18 nodes. Bacterial blight is showing up in several varieties this week. We are in dire straits for a rain in some areas. Cotton sitting at 13 nodes and 5-6 NAWF. Spider mites have been treated in a few fields and aphids have blown up. Hopefully we will get rain today and fungus will show up in these aphids. Plant bugs in the last couple of days have picked up.
Soybeans are from v-3 to R5.5. Aerial web blight really is getting pretty bad in one county on some R1-R3 beans. Growers were applying fungicides the last couple of days trying to get ahead of the rain. Insects are still primarily light. Grass strain armyworms are still an issue and are being treated as grass is killed in fields.
Peanuts are still looking good with very little disease. A few fields have been treated for armyworms where some grass had been treated about 14 days ago. Fungicides going out in all peanuts this week ahead of rains.
Corn is from just tasseling to full dent. Southern corn leaf blight, northern lead blight, southern, and common rust are present in all fields.

Reporting from the South Delta is Jeff North, Madison
7/18/2014 – General rainfall across the region. Crops are making up a lot of time with mild temperatures and ample moisture. However, with that said, there is still a lot of ground to make up and the growing season is passing quickly. Moisture is critical to add nodes on both soybeans and cotton. This will extend the season making our crops vulnerable to later season pests. This coming week will be a big week for soybean fungicide applications and some will include insecticides where lepidopterous pests are building. Many years we can make it on one insecticide application but this is not looking like one of those years. With commodity prices falling, we will do everything possible to maximize yields. We will reduce our cost per bushel or pound by making more bushels and pounds. Inputs must not be reduced to the point where yields are affected. The only way to grow revenue with lower prices is by increasing production. Thankfully, we are encountering favorable growing conditions at this time. Both foliage feeders and pod feeders in soybeans are slowly increasing. These issues will be addressed in the very near future, I’m quite certain. By using longer residual compounds we hope to stretch out intervals between applications. Overall crop prospects are good but it is much too early to predict the outcome. It’s kind of like trying to pick the homecoming queen when she’s in the third grade. Time will tell.

Reporting from the South Delta is Trent LaMastus, Cleveland
I’m proud of my 13 yr. old son and part time scout for recognizing he had a new bug in his net Tuesday. Several times during the week, Trent, aka “T” comes back to the truck with “what is this?” This time he had something I had never seen. I sent a pic to Dr. Catchot for verification and he confirmed what I thought, Kudzu Bug. Dr. Catchot asked where T found it. I told him south Leflore County. He replied that it was the first one reported from Leflore.
Soybeans: We are making fungicide applications on a wide scale now. We had a few fields over a week ago blow up with frog eye just as we were starting fungicide treatments.
Insects are picking up a bit with stink bugs increasing in our oldest beans nearing R 6. Bollworms were on the rise as of Wednesday. Beans look great over all, but I have to wide of a range in planting date to feel good about all of them.
Corn: My corn ranges from late R4-50% starch line. The rain today will likely get the majority of it to black layer with only one or no irrigation. The moisture sensors I installed and monitored along with timely rains appear to have paid off by being able to delay irrigation and catching rains.
We picked up some southern rust and more southern leaf blight in a few fields this week and will continue to monitor it. The corn should be far enough along to not warrant treatment.
Cotton: What can I say, it’s that time of year in a cotton field that reminds us of why a grower needs a consultant. We are treating or about to treat for the following at some level on most of our acres: plant bugs, mites, aphids, worms . Add to that the need for blanket or variable rate PGR application. All of the above may be stand alone or mutable combinations. I left out disease because we don’t treat for it but rest assured its present.
Having said all that, we are having much success with control of insects, but it makes me appreciate checking other crops. I sure miss looking for boll weevil!!!
Milo: My milo is a little late, most is just showing signs of starting to head. Army worms have been heavy for some time but never treated. We found our first sugar cane aphids this week and will treat if need be.
My area experienced a long rain delay today so I got invited by my family to go to the zoo! Y’all have a great day!

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
7/18/2014 – Cotton- We’ve been getting our third shot of growth regulator on most cotton, and I’m sure that will continue after this rain. Boll retention was really good prior to this rain, but I would assume we’ll show back up to a large amount of boll shed from the cloudy weather. Bugs haven’t been too bad. Diamond playing out in a lot of cotton, and trying to get another shot out. Switching to the OP’s, as we began picking up a good many brown stink bugs early this week, and they’ve already reached threshold in a number of fields. As of today, we still haven’t turned on the first pivot or pump other than to test it, and I don’t suspect we will for a while now. Seeing bollworm moths flushing mid-week, but no egg lay yet.
Soybeans- There is not a bad looking bean field anywhere I work. We don’t have any wheat beans either. The wheat crop was so good, but didn’t get cut until the first week of July, so everybody decided to keep that money in their pocket. We had a pocket or two of stink bugs turn up earlier, but since then, it’s been BORING. I’m afraid these growers are going to be forced to stop planting frogeye susceptible varieties, because it’s walking the dog in most fields. We’ve tried about every combo fungicide there is, some of them look good, and some look terrible.
Corn- Out of the 4 corn fields that I’m checking this year, they are all at full dent, no disease, no corn borers, and we haven’t turned a pump yet. Good corn crop going, although they might not get paid anything for it.
Milo- I’ve never seen a milo crop like this. All our milo that was planted “early” is into soft dough stage and is about 7′ tall. We didn’t spray one acre for midge this year. So far, I haven’t seen any sugarcane aphids yet. We are just beginning to pick up significant numbers of headworms, and will begin treating with an airplane as soon as possible. Our later planted milo is just about to push a head out, and also has tremendous potential. We’ve had a time with the real late planted milo with armyworms. This is actually the first time I can remember actually finding enough armyworms in the whorl/feeding on the stalk to cause us to treat.
Sweet potatoes- If vine growth were an indicator of yield, we’d be sitting on a monster already. We’ve already got some decent size roots under our earliest fields. We also set those fields out at 16″ spacing instead of 12-14″ hoping to take advantage of the “early market”. Bugs have been bad in a few locations, and we’ve had to treat a number of fields multiple times.

Reporting form the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
7/19/2014 – Cotton — cotton ranges from 6 node ( pin head square) to 19 nodes and peak bloom, with an average of 17 nodes. Moisture has been abundant, with 2.5 – 3.5 inches received Friday. Most cotton looks good with the exception of the bottoms which are stunted and yellow. Most of our cotton has received 3 plant bug applications with some next to corn getting 4 to 5 apps. Have been using acephate and imidacloprid with Diamond in the mix. Spider mites and aphids are on the increase as well as heliothine eggs . Will be applying bifenthrin plus transform plus a miteacide on a lot of acres this week. Most of our pix is out now , with a few spots requiring another shot. Pix apps have been a problem with the crop not being uniform. Will be applying Prevathon to our non- Bt cotton along with a plant bug material when the weather clears up . Picked up 10 % eggs and a few small worms today.
Corn– most of the corn is denting now. May 5 planted corn is our latest corn . We sprayed this corn last week 10 days ago with a fungicide plus Intrepid . Disease has been low overall, with a few spots of southern rust seen. We have a lot of corn that has enough moisture to make it to the finish. Should be a good crop.
Milo — most milo is heading now, with the exception of the late planted. Applied Besiege last week for midge and head worms to the heading milo. Sprayed all our milo at some point for army worm .
Soybeans— most of our beans are at R 5 to R 5.5 . Wheat beans from 1-3 trifoliate leaves. Sprayed a lot of wheat beans for army worms last week . Older beans have all been sprayed for frogeye. Insect pressure has been very low with the exception of a small acreage with a threshold of stink bugs that we sprayed a few days ago. Still no pod feeders or loopers showing up. Dectis, 3 CAH, clover worms, BLB’s, Grape Colapsis all present in low numbers. It appears to be a good crop.
Peanuts— we applied our white mold shot last week using convoy and abound. Insect pressure has been low. Peanuts look good . Plants are lapped up now, and will be looking at a shot of tilt bravo next week. Got all our Cadre out for lay- by and got it rained in. Got rain last week to activate the fungicide . Have been lucky.
Vegetables — still no problems with the Diamond back in our collards and cabbage like we had last year. Have been on a strict program this year using Radiant, Xentari, and Avaunt. Hope we make it through . So far so good. Still putting out transplants, so we still have a ways to go.

Tucker sent in these two photos. Click image to enlarge.

6 node cotton at pin head square
6 node cotton at pin head square

tobacco budworm moth in non-Bt cotton
Tobacco Budworm moth in non-Bt cotton - 7-19

Leave a comment
  • Subscribe


  • 42nd MACA Annual Conference

    February 3-4, 2015 Bost Ext. Center Mississippi State University
  • Archives