Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben
7/21/2014 – In cotton, we used to talk about Pix rates in terms of ounces per acre… seems like these days our rates are more in terms of pints per acre. We have most of our cotton under control, but overall it’s a little taller than we would have preferred. Plant bugs are under control. Aphids are still light.
Most of our early beans had a fungicide applied, later beans are getting one now, and our wheat beans look good but have a long way to go.
Corn is beginning to dent.
Sweet potatoes look great… which usually means nothing relating to yield and quality. This crop has definitely had more rain than it has needed; we are just hoping for the best. We are seeing some “blackleg”, a bacterial rot that is not common at all. Hopefully when the constant rains subside so will this disease.

Reporting from the South Delta is Lauren Green, Greenwood
7/21/2014 – Rainfall was anywhere from 2 inches to almost 7 inches last Friday. Corn is a third to half way to black layer in most all acres. Finding some southern rust in fields along with diplodia ear rot and very little trichoderma. Sorghum should finish heading out this week and will be scouted for midge. Some was treated last week for sugarcane aphid. Will also be looking for headworms. Soybeans range anywhere from R1 to R6. Insect pressure is building in places. Spraying for stink bugs in places on older beans. Starting to flush podworm moths yet not finding threshold of worms anywhere yet. Disease pressure is still light except for frogeye leaf spot on susceptible varieties. Cotton is from tenth node to full bloom. Plant bug pressure has been moderate in places to needing to trim along some borders every 4-5 days. Began to find around ten percent egg lay today and still flushing some bollworm moths. Also had a few fields today where aphids were building to high numbers.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/21/2014 – Rain last Friday dropped from .4 to 1.25″. The further west toward the Mississippi River the more rain. In the areas that were drought stressed we received the least amount of rain. Cotton ranges from 11th node to 19 nodes and overall looks really good. Drought areas have around 16-17 nodes and a decent load but are pretty much bloomed out. Aphids in some areas have crashed and in others are building. Plant bugs are still extremely light with exception of a couple of isolated spots. PGRs are going out in most areas and are pretty much going out alone. Flushing lots of bollworm moths as well as tobacco budworm moths in cotton over the weekend and today. Finding lots of eggs in terminals as well as bloom tags. Bacterial blight is in lots of fields as well.
Soybeans are from V3-R5.5 and look really good across the board. We are still dealing with army worms in young beans where we are treating grass. Kudzu bugs are still building in lots of fields but I have not sprayed for them yet. Worms are extremely scarce in beans but have been flushing lots of moths in the last couple of days.
Peanuts are looking really good and still yet to find any disease. I will look at a bunch of peanut fields tomorrow so I probably shouldn’t have said “no disease”. Insects are extremely light as well.
Southern rust has blown up in the last week in oldest corn. Oldest corn is probably 10 days to black layer so hopefully it won’t hurt too bad.

Reporting from the North Delta is Billy Price, Charleston
7/21/2014 – Corn is pretty much done and with the rain we had last Friday, we had 1.5 to 6.5″ this may carry us to black layer on some of our older corn. Very little fungicides have been applied.
Beans range from gave up to R5.5 and our older beans look great. We have applied fungicide and insecticide on our older beans earlier and stink bugs are building up and may have to hit them again also flushing looper and bollworm moth. The younger beans we had army worms to deal with.
Cotton ranges from 6 NAWF to 9, on some farms we were not able to get PGR’s out on time and cotton is too tall!! Since mid-part of last week we started flushing bollworm and looper moth, so far most cotton has good fruit retention and most has had two plant bug sprays.
Grain Sorghum is just starting to head, we set some up today to treat for Midge on one farm we planted early.
Hope to get out of this early corn soon and these early beans will cut in late August. These late beans may go into October. Hope prices improve soon.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
7/22/2014 – Cotton: Cotton ranges from just blooming to some older cotton at NAWF 4. Plantbugs are still the main issue. Numbers are moderate in most cases but steady. Anything near corn is constant and some have been very high. Aphids are beginning to show up but are very light so far. No mite issues yet. Bollworm moths are becoming more prevalent.
Soybeans: Beans range from unifoliate stage to mid R5. A few armyworms were treated last week along with glyphosate in a couple of young fields. Older beans are beginning to draw in enough stinkbugs to treat in a few fields. BLB numbers have been low all year. Bollworm moths are picking up. It has been pretty quiet.
Corn: All corn is entering dent stage and some may be at black layer in 10-14 days. Disease and insect pressure has been light.
Rice: Oldest rice is nearly 100% headed. Stinkbugs have been low so far. We have a good bit at late boot to boot split. Younger rice is entering boot stage. Sheath blight has been present but light. Fungicides have gone out for sheath blight and smut control on some varieties.
Milo: Most milo is heading and midge applications have gone out. Aphid pressure has been light so far but may get worse behind midge sprays.
Most crops have made big improvements with consistent rains.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Joseph Dean, Cleveland
7/18/2014 – Cotton is 16 to 17 nodes and is blooming good. Plant bugs have not been terrible but are persistent. We are on our 3rd application. I am seeing some spider mites in the cotton this week but they are not bad enough to spray at this point. Hoping the rain will hold them back.
Soybeans range from just coming up behind wheat to mid R5 in March planted group 4s. I am picking up some moderate levels of stinkbugs in these. Insect levels are low in all other beans. I picked up a few more pod worms this week than last and flushed a couple more moths but they are not at any level to concern me right now. Frog eye is easy to find in susceptible varieties. Fungicides have been going out at R3 to R4.
Corn ranges from dough stage to dent and 30 % milk line. This rain today may finish off the oldest corn. Disease levels are still low.
Rice ranges from midseason to starting to boot and flag. Army worms are persistent in places. I am mainly finding them on edges but I have a few fields they are from side to side.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/18/2014 – Cotton is from 11 to 18 nodes. Bacterial blight is showing up in several varieties this week. We are in dire straits for a rain in some areas. Cotton sitting at 13 nodes and 5-6 NAWF. Spider mites have been treated in a few fields and aphids have blown up. Hopefully we will get rain today and fungus will show up in these aphids. Plant bugs in the last couple of days have picked up.
Soybeans are from v-3 to R5.5. Aerial web blight really is getting pretty bad in one county on some R1-R3 beans. Growers were applying fungicides the last couple of days trying to get ahead of the rain. Insects are still primarily light. Grass strain armyworms are still an issue and are being treated as grass is killed in fields.
Peanuts are still looking good with very little disease. A few fields have been treated for armyworms where some grass had been treated about 14 days ago. Fungicides going out in all peanuts this week ahead of rains.
Corn is from just tasseling to full dent. Southern corn leaf blight, northern lead blight, southern, and common rust are present in all fields.

Reporting from the South Delta is Jeff North, Madison
7/18/2014 – General rainfall across the region. Crops are making up a lot of time with mild temperatures and ample moisture. However, with that said, there is still a lot of ground to make up and the growing season is passing quickly. Moisture is critical to add nodes on both soybeans and cotton. This will extend the season making our crops vulnerable to later season pests. This coming week will be a big week for soybean fungicide applications and some will include insecticides where lepidopterous pests are building. Many years we can make it on one insecticide application but this is not looking like one of those years. With commodity prices falling, we will do everything possible to maximize yields. We will reduce our cost per bushel or pound by making more bushels and pounds. Inputs must not be reduced to the point where yields are affected. The only way to grow revenue with lower prices is by increasing production. Thankfully, we are encountering favorable growing conditions at this time. Both foliage feeders and pod feeders in soybeans are slowly increasing. These issues will be addressed in the very near future, I’m quite certain. By using longer residual compounds we hope to stretch out intervals between applications. Overall crop prospects are good but it is much too early to predict the outcome. It’s kind of like trying to pick the homecoming queen when she’s in the third grade. Time will tell.

Reporting from the South Delta is Trent LaMastus, Cleveland
I’m proud of my 13 yr. old son and part time scout for recognizing he had a new bug in his net Tuesday. Several times during the week, Trent, aka “T” comes back to the truck with “what is this?” This time he had something I had never seen. I sent a pic to Dr. Catchot for verification and he confirmed what I thought, Kudzu Bug. Dr. Catchot asked where T found it. I told him south Leflore County. He replied that it was the first one reported from Leflore.
Soybeans: We are making fungicide applications on a wide scale now. We had a few fields over a week ago blow up with frog eye just as we were starting fungicide treatments.
Insects are picking up a bit with stink bugs increasing in our oldest beans nearing R 6. Bollworms were on the rise as of Wednesday. Beans look great over all, but I have to wide of a range in planting date to feel good about all of them.
Corn: My corn ranges from late R4-50% starch line. The rain today will likely get the majority of it to black layer with only one or no irrigation. The moisture sensors I installed and monitored along with timely rains appear to have paid off by being able to delay irrigation and catching rains.
We picked up some southern rust and more southern leaf blight in a few fields this week and will continue to monitor it. The corn should be far enough along to not warrant treatment.
Cotton: What can I say, it’s that time of year in a cotton field that reminds us of why a grower needs a consultant. We are treating or about to treat for the following at some level on most of our acres: plant bugs, mites, aphids, worms . Add to that the need for blanket or variable rate PGR application. All of the above may be stand alone or mutable combinations. I left out disease because we don’t treat for it but rest assured its present.
Having said all that, we are having much success with control of insects, but it makes me appreciate checking other crops. I sure miss looking for boll weevil!!!
Milo: My milo is a little late, most is just showing signs of starting to head. Army worms have been heavy for some time but never treated. We found our first sugar cane aphids this week and will treat if need be.
My area experienced a long rain delay today so I got invited by my family to go to the zoo! Y’all have a great day!

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
7/18/2014 – Cotton- We’ve been getting our third shot of growth regulator on most cotton, and I’m sure that will continue after this rain. Boll retention was really good prior to this rain, but I would assume we’ll show back up to a large amount of boll shed from the cloudy weather. Bugs haven’t been too bad. Diamond playing out in a lot of cotton, and trying to get another shot out. Switching to the OP’s, as we began picking up a good many brown stink bugs early this week, and they’ve already reached threshold in a number of fields. As of today, we still haven’t turned on the first pivot or pump other than to test it, and I don’t suspect we will for a while now. Seeing bollworm moths flushing mid-week, but no egg lay yet.
Soybeans- There is not a bad looking bean field anywhere I work. We don’t have any wheat beans either. The wheat crop was so good, but didn’t get cut until the first week of July, so everybody decided to keep that money in their pocket. We had a pocket or two of stink bugs turn up earlier, but since then, it’s been BORING. I’m afraid these growers are going to be forced to stop planting frogeye susceptible varieties, because it’s walking the dog in most fields. We’ve tried about every combo fungicide there is, some of them look good, and some look terrible.
Corn- Out of the 4 corn fields that I’m checking this year, they are all at full dent, no disease, no corn borers, and we haven’t turned a pump yet. Good corn crop going, although they might not get paid anything for it.
Milo- I’ve never seen a milo crop like this. All our milo that was planted “early” is into soft dough stage and is about 7′ tall. We didn’t spray one acre for midge this year. So far, I haven’t seen any sugarcane aphids yet. We are just beginning to pick up significant numbers of headworms, and will begin treating with an airplane as soon as possible. Our later planted milo is just about to push a head out, and also has tremendous potential. We’ve had a time with the real late planted milo with armyworms. This is actually the first time I can remember actually finding enough armyworms in the whorl/feeding on the stalk to cause us to treat.
Sweet potatoes- If vine growth were an indicator of yield, we’d be sitting on a monster already. We’ve already got some decent size roots under our earliest fields. We also set those fields out at 16″ spacing instead of 12-14″ hoping to take advantage of the “early market”. Bugs have been bad in a few locations, and we’ve had to treat a number of fields multiple times.

Reporting form the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
7/19/2014 – Cotton — cotton ranges from 6 node ( pin head square) to 19 nodes and peak bloom, with an average of 17 nodes. Moisture has been abundant, with 2.5 – 3.5 inches received Friday. Most cotton looks good with the exception of the bottoms which are stunted and yellow. Most of our cotton has received 3 plant bug applications with some next to corn getting 4 to 5 apps. Have been using acephate and imidacloprid with Diamond in the mix. Spider mites and aphids are on the increase as well as heliothine eggs . Will be applying bifenthrin plus transform plus a miteacide on a lot of acres this week. Most of our pix is out now , with a few spots requiring another shot. Pix apps have been a problem with the crop not being uniform. Will be applying Prevathon to our non- Bt cotton along with a plant bug material when the weather clears up . Picked up 10 % eggs and a few small worms today.
Corn– most of the corn is denting now. May 5 planted corn is our latest corn . We sprayed this corn last week 10 days ago with a fungicide plus Intrepid . Disease has been low overall, with a few spots of southern rust seen. We have a lot of corn that has enough moisture to make it to the finish. Should be a good crop.
Milo — most milo is heading now, with the exception of the late planted. Applied Besiege last week for midge and head worms to the heading milo. Sprayed all our milo at some point for army worm .
Soybeans— most of our beans are at R 5 to R 5.5 . Wheat beans from 1-3 trifoliate leaves. Sprayed a lot of wheat beans for army worms last week . Older beans have all been sprayed for frogeye. Insect pressure has been very low with the exception of a small acreage with a threshold of stink bugs that we sprayed a few days ago. Still no pod feeders or loopers showing up. Dectis, 3 CAH, clover worms, BLB’s, Grape Colapsis all present in low numbers. It appears to be a good crop.
Peanuts— we applied our white mold shot last week using convoy and abound. Insect pressure has been low. Peanuts look good . Plants are lapped up now, and will be looking at a shot of tilt bravo next week. Got all our Cadre out for lay- by and got it rained in. Got rain last week to activate the fungicide . Have been lucky.
Vegetables — still no problems with the Diamond back in our collards and cabbage like we had last year. Have been on a strict program this year using Radiant, Xentari, and Avaunt. Hope we make it through . So far so good. Still putting out transplants, so we still have a ways to go.

Tucker sent in these two photos. Click image to enlarge.

6 node cotton at pin head square
6 node cotton at pin head square

tobacco budworm moth in non-Bt cotton
Tobacco Budworm moth in non-Bt cotton - 7-19

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Delta Area Irrigation Meetings, July 23 – 25, 2014

Eleven area irrigation meetings, “Turnrow Talks”, will be held starting next Wednesday, July 23rd-25th in locations throughout the Mississippi delta. The meetings, with focus on farm irrigation management and water conservation measures, are coordinated by the Mississippi Soybean Promotion Board, MSU Extension Service, and members of the Delta Sustainable Water Resource Taskforce (MDEQ, Miss. Farm Bureau Federation, Delta Council, Delta FARM, YMD, MS Soil & Water Conservation Commission).

These are quick 1-hour stops in each county for producers to see several key irrigation management practices in action and hear from MSU personnel, Dr. Jason Krutz and Dr. Trent Irby and farmer cooperators about the benefits of these practices. MDEQ and local NRCS staff will also be on the agenda for brief updates.

The meeting schedule below identifies the date, time, farmer, farm location and MSU County Extension Office phone number if more information is needed.

Wednesday, July 23
9:00 a.m., Tunica County, Richie Bibb farm, 1046 Bonnie Blue Road, Tunica 38676
Extension Phone: 662-363-2911
11:00 a.m., Coahoma County, Pete Hunter farm, 4257 Oakhurst Stoval Road, Clarksdale 38614 Extension Phone: 662-624-3070
3:00 p.m., Quitman County, Chris Talley farm, Yandell/ER Road, Vance 38964
Extension Phone: 662-326-8939

Thursday, July 24
9:00 a.m., Bolivar County, Nathan Buehring farm, Faison St./Faison Rd., Shaw 38773
Extension Phone: 662-843-8361
11:00 a.m., Sunflower County, Harper Ross farm, 355 Watson Road, Sunflower 38778
Extension Phone: 662-887-4601
2:00 p.m., Leflore County, Reese Pillow farm, Hwy 49N (near Shellmound) CR 240, Greenwood 38930 Extension Phone: 662-453-6803
4:00 p.m., Tallahatchie County, Ray Hardy farm, 828 Hampton Lake Rd., Glendora 38928
Extension Phone: 662-647-8746

Friday, July 25
9:00 a.m., Washington County, George King farm, Hwy 1 North, Glen Allan
Extension Phone: 662-334-2670
11:00 a.m., Humphreys County, Jeremy Jack farm, Silent Shade Rd., Belzoni 39038
Extension Phone: 662-247-2915
3:00 p.m., Sharkey County, Clark Carter farm. (Meet at Carter Bros. shop) North First St., Rolling Fork 39159 Extension Phone: 662-873-4246
6:00 p.m., Yazoo County, Dee Paul farm, 2600 Whites Lane Rd., Yazoo City 39194
Extension Phone: 662-746-2453

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Bryan Kennedy, Yazoo City
7/14/2014 – Most of the cotton has bloomed and has great retention. Hopefully it will be getting a rain by the end of the day.
Soybeans are well into R3 to R5 and are all looking good. We’ve seen a lot of samples come into the lab with potassium deficiencies although it was not visibly apparent. Wheat beans should start flowering early next week.
Corn is mostly at dent and is looking great. Hopefully we can keep moisture in the ground until black layer and finish out what looks like a great corn year.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/15/2015 – Insects overall are still fairly light. Aphids are pretty much everywhere and spider mites are in a few fields. Treating mites in one field today. We still need a good general rain. In some areas white flower is racing up and we need more nodes. Some areas have received floods and some areas it just won’t rain. Flushing lots of bollworm and budworm moths this week.
Corn fields are full of southern corn leaf blight and rust. Oldest corn is at full dent and most is at early dent. Youngest corn is right at tasseling.
Soybean insects are still not too bad in soybeans. Oldest beans are at R5.5.
Peanuts are looking good with no signs of disease at the present time.

Reporting from the North Delta is Andy Graves, Clarksdale
7/15/2015 – We had started irrigating hard end of last week but got much needed rainfall last night.
Corn – most of it is at dent now except for a couple of late fields. It has been very quiet here on the insect, disease side but the fertility part has been tough especially on heavier ground with all the early rains. Overall it looks pretty good.
Milo – starting to make a few midge applications. No sign of white sugarcane aphids that I can find or any head worms.
Soybeans – ranging from emerging to R5. Put a lot of fungicides out the last ten days … Most of it alone except for a couple of fields where bean leaf beetles were building.
Cotton – starting to see bollworm moths Sunday. Plant bugs have been heavy in a lot of places but seem to be falling off some. Both aphids and mites showing up now, so we are in the July pest spectrum. It’s been a very irritating year to say the least with plant bug numbers exploding at times when rain delayed sprays causing fruit retention to drop. Add to that low prices and moods are sour. It also doesn’t help the fact now that some distributors are having problems getting Diamond so I’m having to take that out with certain growers. I’ve been finding Bacterial blight in fields for a month now….. for the life of me don’t see how these seed companies can get away with releasing this into fields and it’s starting to get old. It’s like playing a guessing game every year with what variety will have it next. The hot weather we had slowed it down but with the rainfall we got last night and bolls being set now I’m expecting the worst a week from now.

Andy sent this photo of bacterial blight in cotton, 5 days after running pivot, Hwy 6, Coahoma County. click on image to enlarge.
bacterial blight - a graves

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Chris Adams, Winona
7/6/2014 – This crop is all over the place, corn is approaching dent, soybeans are from emerging to R5.Cotton is late as a whole – planted late and fruited late. Plant bugs have been flooding out of corn and Group 4 soybeans. We’ve been finding frogeye leaf spot in quite a few susceptible varieties that were at R3 -R4.

Reporting from the North Delta is Joe Townsend, Coahoma
7/7/2014 – Cotton is starting to bloom. We are up to our second spray in some fields for plant bugs. There are very few worm eggs out there but we are starting to see moths in the fields now. With the good weather we’ve had in the last week the cotton is starting to stretch and we are starting to put pix on.
Corn is from tassel to dough stage and looking pretty good, except for the waterlogged spots.
Milo is heading out and looks better than anytime I can remember. No sign of midge yet.
Beans are anywhere from not up yet to R5. The older beans look fantastic, especially the “non-irrigated”. We are finding enough worms to spray in some of the wheat beans just up. Stink bug numbers are up and we put some sprays out last week.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
7/7/2-14 – June was a very wet month in Northeast Miss. with an average of 9” of rain. Due to the excessive moisture, weed work fell behind in every crop and became our #1 priority and prime target.
About 75% of our cotton is in its first week of bloom. All acres have been treated for plant bugs once and we’ll be coming back this week with a second app of Transform on some. We’re picking up a few aphids behind acres where acephate was used but not where Centric was used. PGR’s are on every acre and we’ll be putting out another 8 oz. this week.
Not a lot of our soybeans are blooming but many acres at pre-bloom. Wheat beans are still being planted. Insect populations remain low at this time and weed control in good shape.
The wheat crop in this area is the best it’s ever been with yields up to 100 bu/a and an average of 70-80 bu/a. The test weight was low due to rains just before harvest.
The corn is beautiful. Most in dough stage and the potential is super.
Overall, we need a few more dry days to get weed work completed and finish up planting wheat beans but we’re in good shape.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/7/2014 – Cotton ranges from 8th to 17 nodes. Cotton has really grown in the last ten days and we have been applying PGR’s every 7 days for the last 3 weeks. Cotton really took off with hot weather and ample moisture last week. Moisture has left and cotton is wilting in places pretty bad around 12:00. Still running 7-8 NAWF in older cotton but we need a good general rain soon to maintain the crop we have set. Fruit retention is high and with bolls setting we will need some moisture. Insects are still relatively light with exception of aphids and they are building quickly.
Irrigations are running in corn and have been for past couple of weeks. Corn looks extremely good at this point and oldest corn is in soft dough.
Soybeans are from V1 to R4. Insects are still light (with exception of FAW). Kudzu bugs are in 100% of fields. Nothing at very high levels just very consistent from field to field. They were found 3 weeks ago and have not really built to any high numbers as of today. Aerial web blight is present in more fields every day as well as frog eye leaf spot.
Peanuts are from 30 to 70 days old. Insects are extremely light. As of today, I have found zero white mold and very little leaf spot. The little bit of leaf spot I have seen has been leaf scorch and funky leaf spot. We are normally lapped around 45-50 days but cool, wet start we are not 100% lapped anywhere. Oldest peanuts should be lapped by the end of this week.

Reporting from the North Delta is Jim Arrington, Senatobia
7/7/2014 – Cotton: The crop seems to be much later than normal to me. With the frequent and abundant rains it’s been difficult to get things done in a timely manner. Herbicide and insecticide applications have been late getting out as well as fertilizer in some cases. Plant bug numbers have picked up this week and so treatments are being applied along with PGR.
Soybeans: It’s been quiet so far as far as insects but expect that will change soon. Some older beans will have an R3 fungicide soon.
Corn: The corn certainly has enjoyed the rain and even dry land hill corn looks really good. None of the corn I’m looking at has had a fungicide at this time
Grain sorghum: Several fields this week are heading out and will receive an application to treat for midge.
Peanuts: Peanuts look good and are beginning to peg. Received a fungicide today.

Trent LaMastus, Cleveland, sent this photo of a bollworm trap in the Belzoni area and says “I expect worms by next week in some blooming beans and oldest cotton that has been blooming for more than two weeks.”
Moth trap - 7-7-14

John Clark Cook, Vaiden, took this remarkable photo of an army worm chewing 6th node cotton in half. (click image to enlarge)
Armyworm on cotton - 7-7

Joe and Kim Townsend, Clarksdale, sent in this photo of “clouds and corn”.
Photo of corn and clouds - 7-7-

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Ed Whatley, Clarksdale
7-2-2014 – Soybeans range from emerging wheat beans to v4. Insects are light at this time in most areas, except for a few hot spots where bean leaf beetles are building. Making fungicide application to April planted beans.
Corn ranges from white silk to starting to dent. Disease pressure has been light so far this year.
Milo range from boot to 2nd week of heading, making some midge applications. No worm pressure at this time.
North delta has received good rainfall in the past week. All of my growers have received 1- 2 inches.
In closing, I would like to send my condolences to the Ronnie Leist family. Ronnie was a veteran ag pilot in the Clarksdale area who tragically lost his life this week in a plane crash. Please keep his family in your prayers.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
7-2-2014 – Cotton — cotton ranges from 15-16 nodes and blooming to third true leaf. Our main issues have been too much rain which has delayed our normal practices. Some cotton is blooming and hasn’t received the second application of fertilizer, many acres haven’t been laid by. Pigweeds have been a problem in many areas and will have to be chopped out due to their size. No fault of the farmers just could not get in to spray. Plant bugs have been about normal for this area. We have made two apps. On most of our cotton and added pix to the mix.
Soybeans — insect pressure has been low overall. Had some spots of army worms coming off weeds and grass that had to be sprayed. Frogeye showing up everywhere in susceptible varieties. Have sprayed all beans at R 3, and will finish up on rest of beans this week wheat beans are emerging, and some still not planted.
Corn — some corn just starting to dent, youngest starting to push a tassel. SWCB traps have been low in the north part of my territory. Met threshold in other areas and sprayed intrepid where traps were high. Disease pressure has been low overall. Haven’t had to water corn yet, but pipe is laid and ready.
Peanuts — will make fungicide apps for white mold in the next few days. Rain has complicated some weed control, but not as much as in cotton. Several spots of army worms have been treated.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
7-3-2014 – I think all of our wheat beans are finally planted, or replanted for the last time. We only have a couple of questionable spots left. We had no stand issues at all where they burned the straw, but no-tilling into stubble is always a challenge for us, even with good moisture.
Alfalfa hoppers are in sufficient numbers that we are taking them out, on all farms with a history of problems.
The only major issues we’ve had in the last week was a blow up of armyworms in V5 beans. They were a mix of Yellow-stripes and Falls (grass strain).
We also had an area with widespread Target Spot, but it seems to be holding for now. We plan to wait as long we can before applying a fungicide (indeterminate variety at R1-R2).
Growth regulators in cotton is the story of the week. We’ve been pouring Pix on every acre over 30 inches tall. Cotton on stronger soils has already had a pint, and we’re still a week away from first bloom on most.
Plant bugs in cotton are mostly on the mild side, with only one exception. We have two farms where we got a little behind with some rains, and now we’re paying for it.
The corn crop couldn’t look better.
Sweet potatoes are growing like gangbusters. Vine growth is not a good indicator of crop yield, so it’s hard to get excited over pretty plants and pretty fields.
We’ve had a few spots with odd insect issues, such as Lesser Cornstalk Borers, and Sugarcane beetles; as well as having a pretty good showing from some of our faithful foes like Cutworms, Flea beetles, Tortoise beetles, and Yellow-stripes. Thankfully, nothing has been severe or widespread.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7-3-2014 – Growers have spent most of the week applying PGR’s. Plant bugs are sporadic in places and some fields are getting treated. Aphids are building in most fields but nothing at treatable levels. Oldest cotton is at 16 nodes and youngest is at 6th. Most fields are in pretty good shape moisture wise but high temps and no rain, the moisture won’t last long.
Irrigation systems are running in all corn fields.
Soybeans are from V-2 to R-4. No real problems in soybeans at the present time. Some frog eye and aerial web blight still showing itself in some fields. Kudzu bugs are present everywhere I work but nothing at treatable levels.
Peanuts are growing fast and older peanuts should be lapped by the middle of next week. No disease issues in peanuts and insects are extremely light with exception of a few fields in the southernmost part of my area. Those fields were treated for budworms and variegated cutworms over this past weekend. Treatments worked well.
I hope everyone can take a little time to celebrate Independence Day. Happy 4th to everyone!!!

Tucker Miller, Drew, sent in photos of frogeye leaf spot in soybeans and a stink bug egg mass hatching. (click on image to enlarge)

FELS - 7-5-TM

hatching stink bugs - 7-3

John Hartley North, Madison, sent in this photo of a kudzu bug
Kudzu bug - 7-5

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/30/2014 – Cotton is 7th to 15 nodes. Older cotton is blooming as of late last week. Plant bugs are around in spots but nothing too terrible. Aphids are present in some fields and a few fields are extremely heavy. Treatments went out today. Not a whole lot to talk about in cotton so far this week.
Soybeans are from cracking to R5. Kudzu bugs are present in all counties I work to some extent. Counties surrounding the Hattiesburg area seem to have the highest population. Nothing at treatable levels but very consistent. Armyworms are bad in fields with any amount of grass in them and growers are running pyrethroids with glyphosate apps. Stink bugs are beginning to show up in oldest bean fields.
Peanuts are from 35 to 60 days old. Disease is a no show for now. A few worms are beginning to show up in peanuts. Variegated cutworms, budworms, and armyworms are all in the mix. Had to treat about 80 acres this past weekend that were at extremely high numbers of all three. Peanuts are looking pretty good at this point.

Reporting from the North Delta is Charlie Craig, Friars Point
7/1/2014 – We’re picking up moderate populations of plants bugs in cotton – enough to treat for and trying to get everything scheduled for treatment before the 4th. We’ve got plenty of moisture from rains over the last 2 weeks and have good square retention at this time.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
7/1/2014 – We are putting pix and imidicloprid on just about all cotton. Still have loads of soil moisture, and just now able to get back in the field. Earliest fields have been blooming several days, and should have a boat load of cotton blooming in a day or two. Pigweeds seem to be popping up all over the place where we’ve never had them, and we’re hand pulling and chopping as fast as possible. A few beans have had fungicides applied, and FLS is already terrible in a few fields. Also seeing a good bit more AWB than usual, even in fields with no tree borders or shade. Milo beginning to head everywhere, and it all looks irrigated at this point. Will be checking for midge in a few days. Seeing loads of pigweeds breaking through the Lexar already.

Reporting from the North Delta is James Bowen, Boyle
7/1/2014 – Rice range in size from the 3-5 leaf stage up to almost flag leaf stage, although most is at mid-season or beyond. We’ll be putting out fungicides on the oldest starting next week. Finding a few armyworms in the young rice. Bad enough in a few locations that we’re treating them. The has been a challenging year as far as weed control with rice herbicide shortages.
In soybeans, our replanted acres are emerging. Some will have to be replanted for the 2nd time. Older beans range from R1 – R4. Fungicides going out on this age group. Insect pressure is light – a few green clover worms and stink bugs. Getting fields cleaned up and will start irrigation on the light ground this week in Washington County and the heavy ground next week.

Joe and Kim Townsend, Clarksdale, sent this photo of a cotton bloom, green stink bug and rainbow.
cottom bloom - 7-1-14

Green stink bug


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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Justin George, Merigold
6/22/2014 – Rice: some rice getting mid-season fertilizer to most just being flooded (although joints are moving) and some just being planted as of 6/20. This is extremely late planting and will be in danger of cool weather slowing it down or of frost stopping it.
Beans: oldest beans are getting Fungicide plus Dimilin. These were planted 4/7-4/10 following two years of corn and are chest high now. Most are just being plowed and sprayed, or sprayed with High Rate of Powermax, Sequence, etc., and plowed. Will be watering Monday on all group 4′s ideally. Some stinkbugs
Corn: silking, tasselling to some filling kernels. No disease at this time. Hope the corn price gets up so my growers can bump acres next year. Corn is just that good for the beans that follow it. Watering again now.
Milo: 5 leaf to forming heads.
Wheat: 35 bushel on broadcasted heavy ground that looked poorly all spring to 80 bushel on some drilled light land with good drainage.

Reporting from the South Delta is Pete Baughman, Jr., Indianola
6/23/2014 – Soybeans are from emerging to R3. Picking up a few stink bugs and foliage feeders but no threshold numbers yet.
Corn is tasseling to early milk stage. A little Northern leaf blight in corn behind corn but overall disease pressure is light.
Most of the rice is going to flood this week. Mid-season fertilizer applications are going out and we’re cleaning up our later planted fields. Rains were spotty over the weekend.

Reporting from the North Delta is Will Price, Oakland
6/23/2014 – Wheat yields have been really good. Most yields from low 70′s to low 80′s; just trying to finish harvest between showers and get wheat beans in. Corn is most all from near tassel to R2. With spring conditions, this corn has a world of potential. With as much rain as have had over the last few weeks, some dry-land corn is already starting to show it could use additional moisture. We are picking up very little, if any disease. Rice is from 3-5 leaves and finally getting caught up with herbicide/fertilizer applications. Soybeans are anywhere from still in the bag, replanting, replanting for the second time, wheat bean planting, to R3. Still picking up stink bugs in a lot of older beans, but numbers seem to have dropped considerably over the last several days. We have treated some fields, but still letting most go for now. Cotton is from 9 to 12 nodes and most acres have been treated at least once for plant bugs. If water-logged areas would grow off, PGR applications would be going out across the board at the end of this week/first of next week.

Reporting from the South Delta is Nick King, Yazoo City
6/23/2014 – Cotton- The bulk of our cotton is 7-10 nodes. I have had moderate plant bug pressure and have been applying a pinhead square application. Cotton is growing fast and have put some pix on some of our stronger land. I am ready for all my cotton to be thigh high. I have not treated any spider mites at this point but have started seeing some in a few spots. Overall cotton looks good and square retention is good at this point.
Soybean- for the most part have been quiet. I did run into a one farm that had some true armyworms in them today but defoliation was low.
Corn- We have treated some corn last week and some this week for northern corn leaf blight. I have been watching it progress for a week or so and it seemed to keep progressing so we had to treat it.
Peanuts- Peanuts are blooming and are beginning to start pegging. We have mainly been fighting weeds in our peanuts but we have gotten Select and Cadre out on most of our fields at this point. Insect have been light in our peanuts so far. Disease pressure has been low up until this point.
Milo- Our older milo is doing good and has about 10 collars on it. We had some later planted milo that was planted emerged and when it got about week old started dying. The first thoughts and symptoms looked like Roundup drift, but after looking and getting some opinions from corn and weed specialist we are not sure what is killing the milo. My case is not the only one. There are several cases of this happening in our area on different farms. We are trying to get to the bottom of the cause.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/23/2014 – Scattered showers over the weekend have hit the spot in some places and some areas are getting borderline dry. We still do not have any major pests at this time.
Cotton is from 2nd to 14th node. Plant bugs are still light overall with some areas picking up. Finding yellow striped armyworms in sweeps and regular plant checks but nothing at treatable levels. Blooms should be showing up by the end of week.
Most corn fields have received rain in last 3-4 days and couldn’t have come at a better time. Pivots have been running nonstop for last 7-10 days and get to take a break.
Most wheat beans are planted and up with exception of a few fields that can’t seem to miss a rain. Oldest beans are at R3 with no major insect problems at this time.
Oldest peanuts are at 50 days and will receive first soil disease fungicide at the end of this week. Peanut herbicides have really worked well and all fields are extremely clean. Finding a few tobacco budworms in peanuts but nothing at treatable levels. Flushing a few moths in peanuts but they are not real heavy. No disease showing up at this time

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
6/23/2014 – Corn: Nearly all corn is tasseling and looks good. Some irrigation was started over the weekend.
Beans: Range from still in the bag to R4. A few stinkbugs are being found but not yet at treatable numbers. Pigweed is always an issue but we have done pretty well so far in most cases. Some fields may not get planted. Some fields have spots that have been planted 3 times due to rains.
Cotton: some looks very good up to 12th node. Some fields have large cotton with water logged areas at 5th node. Plant bugs are being treated but no huge numbers yet. Pigweed got big in a few spots but it’s being beat back for now.
Rice looks good and ranges from 3 leaf to mid-season. Most is to a flood. Some fields won’t get planted due to rains. Luckily with the moisture we’ve had, herbicides have worked well. Shortages were hard to deal with and we had to spoon feed nitrogen to more fields than usual.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Bert Falkner, West Point
6/24/2014 – Cotton ranges from 6 to 11 nodes. I’ve treated a number of acres for plant bugs – not high numbers and keeping them in check. Square retention is not where I want it to be at this time. We’re about to get it all side dressed and not far from starting layby. We need sunshine and dry weather. The root system looks better this week than last week and it’s starting to pick up the N and growing. Very little in this area will be blooming by July 4th.
Soybeans are from V3 to R2/3. Wheat beans are being planted but not up yet. We’ve got low numbers of several insects but nothing to treat yet. Other than a few escapes, weed control is good. Seeing a few pigweeds in spots.
Corn is tasseling to R2 and loving this weather. We’re watering everything we can and have a good potential at this time. No insect or disease problems.
Layby is going out on peanuts and we’re off to a good start. The pre’s worked good and other than a little Select on grass weed control we’re satisfied. Seeing a little leaf spot but overall disease pressure is light. About 10-14 days away from a white mold application.
We’re on the downhill side of wheat harvest. Yields are from 60-80 bu. but test weight seems to be low.
All sweet potatoes are set. The last acres set could use a rain to settle the beds and the older potatoes are being plowed. Insect pressure very light.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Tim Richards, Yazoo City
6-19-2014 – Cotton in the south delta ranges from 5 to 12 nodes. We had to spray some of our early May planted cotton for thrips but sprayed all of the mid to late May cotton as numbers picked up. Lately we’ve treated most of the older cotton for low plant bug numbers with only one farm in Yazoo County having been treated twice due to constant plant bug pressure. Pigweed is the main issue. Even though most farmers used pre-emergence herbicides we still have escapes and we’re plowing and chopping. Farmers have been limited on their time to do field work and we’ve been farming with airplanes until this week. Everyone is in the field as of his week. Things have been quiet in the soybeans with no problems as of today.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
6-19-2014 – Our weather change finally came. Some sun and dry weather has put our farmers to work. We still have some wet spots but the sun and heat is drying fast. We got an average of 5″ rain from June 6-13.
Trying to catch up on weed work, put out cotton Nitrogen and cut wheat. Not enough labor to run everything. Crops look good. Most corn is silking and looks super at present. Cotton ranges from 4-5 nodes up to a little 8 node cotton. Fruit set is very good, still no appreciable insect pressure.
Mostly finished our “early” bean planting this week – no wheat beans planted yet. Weeds have been a big problem in our beans. We are having to heat Round-up to get the weeds this year.
Wheat harvest is in progress. Best crop we’ve ever had in the hills. Lots of our wheat is cutting in the 90s. Trucking to market is a problem. –and a shower on our corn about Sunday would be nice!

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
Crops are all looking better with a week of little rain. Irrigation running in tasseling corn fields and insects still fairly low.
Cotton is from cotyledon to 13th node. Plant bugs picked up 1st of the week in some areas and applications have gone out with PGR’s. Older cotton is fruiting early and looking really good. Later planted cotton is not fruiting until around 6-7 node.
Corn is from V-7 to brown silks. Disease is showing up in all corn fields. Northern corn leaf blight, southern corn leaf blight, as well as southern rust are all present at some level. Fungicides are being applied 1st of next week.
Wheat beans are being planted now and oldest beans are at R2. Beans are really looking good with little insect pressure at this time. I have picked up a few kudzu bugs this week in Jefferson County.
Peanuts are looking lots better and growing out of thrips. Oldest peanuts around 48 days old. Gypsum apps are going out now. Oldest peanuts are just beginning to peg and seem to have made up a little time in the last week. We are actually getting dry in some areas and need a rain in isolated areas, but for the most part we are looking good with moisture

Reporting from the North Delta is Bill Pellum, Clarksdale
Rice: It may take every chemistry in the book to clean up some of these fields. Some hybrids are not taking the Newpath and flood very well.
We’re from four leaf to midseason.
Cotton: Lots of pigweeds. Three applications on plant bugs and still not pretty

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Winston Earnheart, Tunica
6/16/2014 – The area I work is in northwest Mississippi, and it has been exceptionally wet. We have a lot of rice fields that are approaching midseason, and do not have levees or a permanent flood. On some of the fields, we have had to apply herbicides and fertilizer to keep the crop going. Weed control has been challenging, but with the help of residuals such as Command, Prowl, and Facet, things have not gotten out of hand. Herbicides for rice have been in short supply, adding to the frustration. Older rice fields that are under flood look great, but there has been a lot of levee repair.
Cotton fields have also been dealt a tough hand with heavy storms causing the young plants to be washed over on its side, or have their leaves punctured with heavy rains or hail. A lot of the nitrogen has been lost, and swags in the field have caused those areas of the field to be stunted. In some fields, weed control has been delayed, causing some pigweed to become too large to control with our herbicides. Cotton in my area is in the fifth to seventh node, and some plant bug treatments are scheduled.
Beans and milo have also been stunted from the rains, especially in clay soils. Some milo looks like it has had a non-target chemical drifted over on it, but it is actually water damage. Lower parts of the plant appear reddish, but the upper parts of the plant are a pale green. A lot of the soybean fields that were planted prior to the two-week rainy period will have to be either replanted or spot-planted. If fields are clean, I am not one to recommend killing what you already have. Plants that are up and growing have more yield potential, due to the planting date, than those that are being planted back. Some broadleaf herbicides applied before planting have also been harsh on emerging soybean seedlings, especially where the application was doubled on ends.
Corn is actually looking the best of all of the crops. Fields that were planted to corn, were planted in a timely fashion and are on our better, well-drained, cotton soils. We have a large amount of acreage with tassels, or are in the pre-tassel stage.
Wheat crops were just beginning to get harvested, and there will be plenty of moisture to plant another crop. Wheat crops will most likely be below average in yield.

Reporting from the North Delta is Bruce Pittman, Coila
6/16/2014 – Corn – All corn starting to tassel and these are ideal conditions for pollination. Northern Leaf Blight showing up in fields of corn followed by corn.
Soybeans – Growth stages range from 2 nodes to 12 nodes. Stink bug populations are increasing but we’ll live with them until our R3 fungicide applications and treat for them then. No pod feeders showing up at this time.
Cotton – All of the cotton I check is up with some just coming up from spot planting. Just treated the oldest for plant bugs – square retention is good.
Just starting to cut wheat and dry weather forecasted for the next week. Wheat acres will probably be planted into soybeans.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
6-16-2014 – We’re finally back in the field this week. Last week was a wash.
Cotton has weathered the soggy field conditions fairly well. We lost some 5-node cotton to hail last week close to Atlanta, MS with 95% terminal loss. Most stems were broken right above the cotyledonary node. A lot of our 7-9 node cotton has had no plantbugs, yet we had numbers today that were running 8-10 per 25 sweeps across several fields in one area of Calhoun County.
Most of our corn has 500+ kernel ears, so we at least have the potential for a bumper crop. Most corn is tasseling, or will be tasseling by the week’s end.
Wheat harvest began today, yields so far are still promising, but the quality of the grain is what seems exceptional. I am looking for some high test weights.
Sweet potato transplanting resumed over the weekend where it was dry enough. We’ve had some fields that received 8-10 inches of rain the first two weeks post-plant. That is never a good thing. So far the overall condition of the crop is very good.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6-17-2014 – Overall, crops are looking a lot better this week. Most cotton is finally out of thrips stage and what is not is growing fast enough to get through it. Cotton is from cotyledon to 12th node. Plant bugs over all are still pretty light but beginning to show up in more and more areas. Some treatments going out with herbicides and PGR’s. Deer seem to be a bigger pest than anything right now. We haven’t gotten any general rains in about a week now but isolated pop ups are causing havoc with wash offs.
Peanuts are from 20 to 45 days old. Plants are still thripy looking but are growing out of it now. Earliest planted peanuts started blooming around 38 days and peanuts that are from 28-30 days old now are blooming. Basically later planted peanuts have almost caught up with the old peanuts. Fungicide treatments are going out as well as herbicides. Gypsum apps will begin on older peanuts this week.
Corn is looking better with lack of rain for a week. A few fields were actually calling for irrigation. Northern corn leaf blight, I think, is present in some fields at low levels low in the canopy.
Soybeans are from cracking to R2 and still have no significant problems.
Wheat is probably 40% harvested and is still doing better than expected. Hopefully, growers can get back in fields today. Moisture has been slow to fall this week.

Reporting from the South Delta is Andy Tonos, Greenville
6-17-2014 – In soybeans we are still trying to clean up weeds and also plant some behind wheat. No insects to speak of yet. Not much going on in the corn right now. In rice we are applying mid-season fertilizer, spraying, and flooding up some still. In cotton we are starting to make some pinhead square applications for plant bugs, cleaning up some weeds, and also applying some PGR’s.

Reporting from the South Delta is Trent LaMastus, Cleveland
6-17-2014 – Our soybean crop ranges from needing to replant in some area to V14. We’re making progress on weed control as we dry up and thinking about fungicide applications. Armyworms were present where grass escapes had gotten out of control and moved into the beans when grass was treated. We didn’t treat any and suspect some died of natural mortality. We’ll be planting some beans behind wheat this week. Monitoring moisture sensors in fields now. This bean crop is all over the board right now – waterlogged & stunted – I hope this crop will respond as we dry out.
Corn is from tassel to R2 Northern and Southern Leaf Blight has been observed but overall disease pressure is low. We’re seeing more corn earworms in corn this year than in previous years. Monitoring moisture sensors in corn fields where present and will start irrigation as early as Thursday or Friday in some fields.
Cotton ranges from 3 to 11 nodes with up to 2 plant bug application on the oldest. We’re monitoring past known hot spots for spider mites and so far have found only 1 field with mites. Growers are making progress cleaning up this cotton crop and side dressing. Overall this crop looks good but some of it is a little late.

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