Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Andy Tonos, Greenville
7/20/2017 – Corn is mostly done but irrigating some of the later corn.
Soybean weed control is complete except with a few late planted fields. My focus now is on insects and irrigation. Bollworms are in the majority of all young beans and also Redbanded stink bugs have been present along with greens and browns in older beans that are filling pods.
In rice, we are applying pyrethroids on the oldest and fungicides on some other, with a few late fields just now getting the second mid-season shot of fertilizer.
In cotton, we are applying insecticides and Pix most every week for a complex of pests. I’m finding some bollworms in spots as most everyone is. It’s definitely gotten tricky.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/20/2017 -Cotton is from 12 nodes to 22 nodes. Older cotton on the Miss. river side of my area is running 3-6 NAWF. Most of that cotton was treated for bollworms last week. Hattiesburg area is starting to dry out a little. Plant growth regulators and Roundup have gone out in fields where sprayers could stand up. Some treatments for aphids still going out. Spider mites (red) are showing up in some fields. Some at treatable levels but very light in most.
Peanuts are from 30 dap to 95 dap. Some fields are way behind on fungicide apps and late leaf spot is showing up in a few fields with poor rotation. Most of these fields are still too wet to spray but if we don’t get any rain tomorrow sprayers can probably stand up Saturday. Bollworms are heavy in a few fields and will be treated this week.
Young soybeans behind flood waters are being treated for bollworms, FAW, and granulated cutworms. Older beans are relatively clean so far this week. Treated one farm for red bands stink bugs today.
Corn is from roasting ear to black layer. Older corn looks pretty good. Later corn looks better or seems to have more potential to me at this point.

Reporting from the South Delta, Bruce Pittman, Coila
7/20/2017 – We’re struggling to get crops irrigated in a timely fashion.
Soybeans – April 5th-15th planted beans are at R6 and although stinkbugs are not a problem yet, numbers are getting higher every week, even redbanded SB. In March 20th-23rd planted beans, at R7, redbanded and other stink bugs are being treated. May planted beans at R3 are being treated with Prevathon or Intrepid-Edge for bollworm.
Cotton – Bollworms are surviving in BollGard cotton. Bollworm moths moved in around July 1 but no treatments were made until the 11th – 5-7 days late. We’ve treated 75% of cotton acres with either Prevathon or Besiege adding ¾lb/a of acephate if plant bugs were present; ¾ oz/a. of Transform if aphids were present or 3 oz/a AI of Abi-mek if spider mites were present.

Reporting from the South Delta, Tim Richards, Yazoo City
7/20.2017 – Bollworm pressure has been heavy in places. We saw the moths and knew what was coming. Anticipate and treat ahead of the hatch. We knew what was coming but hoped Bt would handle it. Take nothing for granted! “When in doubt put it out!!

Reporting from the North Delta, Charlie Craig, Clarksdale
7/20/2017 – Plant bugs light at present, beginning to pick up worms and eggs. Jury still out on what this will amount to and treating spider mites in spots.

Reporting from the South Delta, Haley Easley, Greenwood
7/20/2017 – Bollworm pressure is widespread and heavy – seems like every crop with a bloom has them. Not sure what we getting out of Bt anymore. I have some conventional cotton that has less boll damage than Bt due to being more aggressive on spraying bollworms. I guess we have to treat Bt cotton like its conventional now. Plant bugs have been steady but under control. Main pest today is bollworms. Bacterial blight is bad in some varieties. Not much on the fruit yet but I can’t see how it won’t be.
Target spot showing up in beans but not severe as last year. Spraying isolated fields for red banded stink bugs. Seems like they are only in beans R6 or later for now.
Peanuts look good and diseases low for now. Worms getting close to threshold in peanuts. Will clean up on next fungicide app. Irrigating a lot this week but first time on a lot of fields. Rain makes grain. Corn and beans look very good. Cotton so-so.

Reporting from the South Delta, Jeff North, Madison

7/20/2017 – Rainfall has been very timely up to this point. Other than corn, all other crops potential will be determined, to a large degree, on favorable growing and harvesting conditions from here on out.
Corn is at full dent and a few fields are approaching black layer. This could possibly be our highest yielding corn crop ever if we are able to get it out of the field.
Soybeans….our crop varies greatly in maturity ranging from R1 to R6. Some growers elected to apply fungicides this year but many did not. Disease pressure has been extremely light up to this point but could change from here on out. Bollworm pressure in late soybeans has increased this week with many fields being treated and many others on the edge of reaching threshold. The diamides have been the chemistry of choice to address this problem. There seems to be more bollworm pressure in drill soybeans than row beans but this may be purely coincidental. I would like to know what other consultants see regarding this. Pyrethroids and acephate are only being used to control the stink bug complex and thus far not many fields have been treated. I do expect this to change.
Cotton….overall our crop is pretty late. Fruit set has been good but plant growth regulators are being used heavily and repeatedly. The main concern at this time regarding insects is the bollworm pressure in heavy fruiting cotton. It’s very simple. If you are in peak bloom you have heavy pressure. Our best control options are to monitor the bloom and when moths are noted in heavy numbers and the egg lay is increasing go ahead and apply Besiege or Prevathon and let them hatch into it. Then monitor for more eggs and larvae and do it again in 2 to 3 weeks. Waiting to see surviving larvae will get us in trouble. Hindsight is 20-20 but this is the approach for now that seems to be working best and even following this protocol, there will be escapes. Growers may be reluctant to adopt this strategy but these are steps that have to be taken to protect this crop. Just like air in the tires and fuel in the tank of a truck, it takes certain steps to make it go, so go the steps for cotton production as well.

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
7/21/2017 – Corn-We’re expecting to see some combines hit the fields very soon and are anxiously waiting.
Soybeans-Most are close to or have reached R6 now and still look good even though this heat is pulling the moisture out of the ground fast. Irrigation has begun as have some insecticide applications. Red Banded Stink Bugs are hitting threshold in some fields of early soybeans and corn earworms are hitting the late planted soybeans that are R3-4. We’ve made insecticide applications on limited acres for each but expect more to follow.
Cotton-The cotton crop is progressing at a normal pace but still has a long way to go. We have had a very light tarnished plant bug year so far but things are getting active with other pests. Bollworm moths have been flushing from the fields for quite some time and left plenty of eggs. We are battling surviving larva in most fields now with mostly good results but a scare here and there, too. Beginning to see a few spider mites but not anything like the last few years. Irrigation has begun here too, whether needed or not.

Reporting from North East Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
7/21/2017 – It’s hot and dry in our area. After the June rains, our moisture has been scarce. We seem to be in a pocket between the rain. The recent heat has moved cotton up some but we are still about 10 days behind, based on planting date. Most of our crop will reach peak bloom about the 26th. Insects have been quite for the most part. We had a flurry of plant bugs early but aphids have been more prevalent, even after Transform, they came back. Fungus is present now and if we could get a rain, cotton would clean off. We have a ways to go with this crop and it needs water now.
Most of our pivots were on corn, which looks super, with the majority starting to show brown shucks.
Early beans are mostly R5 plus and need water. Insects haven’t been high – a few army worms and spotty bollworms but more stink bugs – mostly brown – are showing up and we are close to pulling the trigger. Our wheat beans are 3-5 trifolates and fairly clean. No real problems have developed.

Justin George, Merigold, found this black widow spider in his shake cloth!!

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Joe Townsend, Coahoma
7/5/2017 – Cotton – The crop ranges from 8th node (replant) to 15 nodes. We are in our third week of treating for plant bugs. The insecticides are working but there is still migration in. Most all the cotton needed a thrips treatment. Aphids flared in just a few fields recently. We’ve had good rains so far and the cotton looks really good.
Soybeans – Beans go from just emerging (wheat beans) to R5.8. The majority of the beans have not needed an insecticide yet. The season we’ve had so far make this crop look it’ll be a home run….EXCEPT for the many fields with dicamba damage.
Corn – All fields except a few late planted are into dent. We had a handful of fields needing a stink bug spray early on but not much else. The rain meant that the dryland fields look as good as the irrigated.

Reporting from the North Delta, Joseph Dean, Cleveland
7/6/2017 – Beans range from V4 to R5.5. We have been applying fungicide at R3-4. Up this point that stage of beans have been clean and have not had to add an insecticide. Stink bugs are starting to build in R5 beans. Picking up an occasional RBSB. At this point we have only treated 120 acres for stinkbugs that was bordered by corn on 3 sides. We are picking up an occasional pod worm and flushing moths in places.
Corn is from Dent to 50% milk line. We’ve found Southern Rust in a couple spots but are not too worried with the milk line where it is.
Cotton ranges from 12 to 15 Nodes. It has started to bloom this week. Plant bugs have not been terrible but have been persistent in places. We have been dealing with mostly migrating adults but are finding threshold of 1-2 day old nymphs today.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/11/2017 – Rain still seems to persist in most areas. It seems like we are going to miss rain for a day but seem to catch thunderstorms between 4 and 6 most days somewhere. We have gotten in most fields and cleaned up aphids. Finding eggs and flushing bollworm moths. Most cotton is just blooming with exception of some cotton on the west side of my area that’s in third week of bloom. Plant bugs, over all are light in most of my area with a few areas really picking up this week, especially around corn. We are applying some Ammonium Sulfate in some fields where nitrogen has been leached or cotton is showing deficient. Other deficiencies showing up. Soil samples and tissue samples are being pulled to find out other issues. These symptoms are mainly showing up in sandier fields. All similar soil types are showing same symptoms regardless of county. Not real sure what’s going on but we need to figure out soon.
Corn is at roasting ears to 10 days till black layer. Southern rust has blown up in some older corn but only need 7-10 days so we should be okay.
Peanuts are looking like peanuts where rains have at least slacked up a little. Apogee apps are going out on peanuts that are lapped. Insects and disease are almost nonexistent for now.
Soybeans are finally planted. Fields range from just cracking to R5.2. Herbicides are going out where needed and where it’s not too wet. No insect problems in soybeans at the present.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Burt Falkner, West Point
7/10/2017 – Cotton – Cotton ranges from 6-8 nodes to 12-17 nodes – started picking up blooms last week (NAWF 8-11). Treating isolated fields of plant bugs as numbers are down this week. Have treated a lot of young cotton for aphids and keeping aphids in check in older cotton with plant bug material – aphid numbers are down this week. We’re seeing the first slippage of worms in Bt cotton. Cotton is fruiting better with heat and suns. I had areas with 13 out of 15 days with rain. A lot of Pix out and still going out and lay-by – all over the board.
Soybeans – Growth stage of beans is from V8 to R5. Started fungicides plus Dimilin last week. Insect and disease pressure is low.
Corn – Corn growth stage is R3/R4. WE have not run pivots much this year, thanks for available moisture. I’m running into Southern rust at treatable levels in a few fields and a little Northern corn leaf blight. Rust is mainly variety specific.
Peanuts – All peanuts are laid-by and from 50–75 days old. The first fungicide is out on all fields – a little leaf spot but fungicide has that in check. Twin rows make a big difference in canopy closure. Lay-by materials are working well.

Reporting from the North Delta, Jim Arrington, Senatobia
7/11/2017 – Cotton – It’s been a struggle but finally starting to look like a cotton crop. Fruit set if good but plant bug numbers are on the rise. A lot of Diamond is going out in all treatments for nymphs. All treatments working well except where washed off by rain. Soybeans – All is quiet so far. Picked up about half a threshold of stink bugs in one field yesterday and beginning to see a bollworm moth or 2 next to corn fields.
Peanuts – Everything has had a leaf spot fungicide and most will have had a white mold shot by the end of the week. No insects to speak of at this time.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Bob Stonestreet, Clarksdale
6/29/2017 – Cotton: crop ranges from 8th node to second week of bloom (only 500 acres of this); plant bugs have been light overall; a few fields bordering grain that have received 2-3 treatments; aphids beginning to build in a few fields; crop looks ok considering all that’s been thrown at it.
Soybeans: crop ranges from just planted June 14th to R4; beginning fungicide applications; insects are light; bean leaf beetles picking up a bit this week; beginning to pick up a stray bollworm moth or two; expect flight to pick up in the next 10-14 days; Dicamba drift injury on 2500 acres or so in 2-3 counties; more precautions need to be taken by applicators so we won’t lose this technology.
Corn: crop looks really good; ranges from R2 to dent; Have been watching Northern corn leaf blight since tassel; this week, picked up Southern rust in west Coahoma County; have not applied fungicide yet; will continue to monitor

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
7-3-2017 – Cotton-The majority of our cotton will begin to bloom this week. Plant bug pressure is still extremely light for this time of year. Since we’ve made fewer plant bug insecticide applications, we’ve allowed aphids to build up. We’ve made a few Transform applications but have clean most up with multiple imidacloprid applications. We’ve got plant growth regulators on most of the fields and fruit set has been good. As usual, we’re seeing Bacterial Blight in several fields that seems to be triggered by herbicide injury. Hopefully it will go away like the last few years. We have weeds under control despite the uncooperative weather. Dicamba has been very helpful in accomplishing this.
Corn-Most of our corn has begun a starch line and is heading toward maturity. Several diseases have been present for over a month now but none has been a problem. I had mentioned finding Southern Rust in an earlier commentary but in every instance, it turned out not to be so until late last week. It seems to be popping up everywhere now but too little too late. Our biggest disappointments in the corn crop once again go back to planting practices that lead to lack of root development. Maybe one day we’ll learn!? At this point we’re just looking forward to not wondering through corn fields for a few months.
Soybeans-This crop continues to impress. We still haven’t experienced any extreme heat nor drought. If this continues a few more weeks with the April planted soybeans (ha), we should harvest a bumper crop since these are R5 plus. Insect pressure remains a nonissue. We’ll keep our fingers crossed.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/3/2017 – We haven’t had significant rainfall since Saturday night. Fields are beginning to dry up enough to hold a sprayer up. Growth regulators are going out with a lot of fields being treated for aphids. Cotton ranges from 5th node to 18 nodes. Cotton has improved overall and is holding more fruit than expected. Flushing lots of bollworm moths today in cotton and peanuts. Plant bugs are showing up a little more but still kind of light overall. Deer are still our biggest pest in cotton fields. They have literally eaten some 10-15 acre fields up and lots of acre around larger fields.
One field I swept today was running about 20% red banded stink bugs. Cotton isn’t even blooming and the other side of field was clean. First I’ve picked up all year.
Peanuts are from 30 to 85 dap. Lots of fields still a little waterlogged and off colored but have drastically improved in two days. Granulated cutworms aren’t hard to find but nothing at treatable levels. Lots of field work to get done in peanuts as soon as sprayers can run.
Most soybeans are being planted this week. The few older beans are at R5 today. Not a lot of pests showing up. Picking up a few brown stink bugs and kudzu bugs.
Corn is from tasseling to about 2 weeks from black layer. Northern and southern corn leaf blight is present to some extent in most fields.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Jeff North, Madison
6/26/2017 – Wet weather has impacted crop progress greatly. Both herbicide and insecticide applications have been delayed up to several weeks due to water logged fields. Ground equipment can’t operate from mud and rain and aerial applications have been compromised from rain and a back log of work on the books that can’t be finished. Many acres of cotton never received a thrips application and are now 8-9 nodes to blooming. I guess they drowned.
Cotton should begin to make progress with sunshine and moisture. There is still a lot of nitrogen to be side-dressed. Plant growth regulators will be applied at heavy rates when plant bug and aphid applications are made.
Corn is full dent in most fields with no major problems at this time. A good many acres were lost in Yazoo County from high water. Disease pressure is low. There are a lot of earworms in corn. More than usual it seems to me. This is our factory to produce the next generation on cotton and soybeans in the near future.
Soybeans range from not planted to R-3. Weed control has been delayed for weeks in several areas. Resistant pigweeds are not as prevalent in the hill section as they are in the delta, thus acceptable weed control can still be achieved with delayed applications though damage may already be realized from competition. It is just a matter of time though before these areas get them. I’m afraid we are playing Russian roulette. Bollworms are extremely light in blooming beans. Red banded stinkbugs, along with greens and browns are becoming more prevalent. I fully expect to have major problems with red banded as beans begin to set and fill pods. Some growers are opting to forego fungicide applications in anticipation of extra insecticide treatments. $9.00 beans will only cover so many applications. Severe infection of disease or numerous infestations of insects may really hurt this crop if growers become complacent due to tight budgets.

Reporting from the North Delta, Bill Pellum, Clarksdale
6/26/2017 – Cotton is anywhere from seeds just planted to dried bloom tags and bolls. Plant bugs came out in big numbers in places last week and left their mark on the cotton. I just made my first of the season spider mite recommendation and aphids are likewise starting to get my attention.
We are fungiciding soybeans, corn, pecans, and peanuts.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
6/26/2017 – Rain is still coming – we look for working places. Friday rain was between 1.25” – 2”. Corn and beans are loving it but the cloudy days and cool nights have slowed cotton. The rain has sure ruined a lot of nubbins. May be the best corn overall I’ve ever seen with most of it in the milk stage. No particular problems have shown up. We have lost time on cotton. Fruit set is not right and growth has been slow. We started plant bug applications today and there are a lot of aphids in some fields – more in fields with chemical damage. We have some Cotoran damage in some cotton that was just breaking out and rain carried it to the seedlings. One the oldest cotton we are using Bidrin with 4 oz./a PGR. Our second planting is getting Transform, where most of the aphids are. Cotton needs some morning sun and hotter nights. Weeds are still a problem as we seem to get a new flush after every rain. Most of our cotton is 6-9 nodes with a small acreage at 10 nodes.
Beans range from bag to early pod set. No serious bug problems have developed yet. The beans planted behind wheat are just up. May be finished with wheat harvest today. We had some very good yields that run from 60 – 92 bushels/acre.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/26/2017 – Cotton is from 1 true leaf to 2nd week of bloom. Plant bugs are almost non-existent. Begin picking up a few today but none anywhere near treatable levels. Aphids, on the other hand have absolutely blown up. Treatments will begin going out tomorrow. Flushing lots of bollworm and budworm moths today. Still lots of drowned out spots from all the rain but improving every day.
Peanuts are from 35 to 70 days old. Growers haven’t been in some of these fields for 45 days plus. Hopefully they can get in most over the next few days. No major issues other than trying to get out gypsum and a little herbicide work. Finding a few granulated cutworms everywhere but no treatable levels.
Still lots of soybeans to be planted. The few older beans I have look really good where they haven’t gone under water.
Diseases in corn have picked up this week and last week. Picked up southern rust in some corn today. Oldest corn is at full dent with youngest pre-tassel.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Trent LaMastus, Cleveland
6/23/2017 – Corn: nearly all my Corn is r4. The latest is r2. We have had a very quiet corn season since early season stink bug pressure. There has been very little disease up till now but, we expect that will change within the next two weeks with the current weather and maturity of the crop. Having said that I do not anticipate treating for disease unless it’s in our very limited acres of later corn. The crop looks very good and has received lots of timely rains. Most of the crop was irrigated once or started irrigation only to be turned off because on rains. Once again the moisture sensors I use on my growers are paying off.
Soybeans: most of the soybeans in my areas are from v12-v17/ r3-4+. We have very few late beans, v1-3. Insect and disease have been light till now. Our residuals held very well this year due to the many rains we received after planting. When the residuals ran out, it was a struggle to get more herbicide out because the rains and winds kept coming and there were issues with non-trait crops in the mix in many areas. We have seen our share of off target drift this year. Only time will tell how bad it hurt us. Many of our fields will be receiving a fungicide application next week as the current weather pattern clears out.
Cotton: Our cotton ranges from beginning the second week of bloom down to pinheaded square. We started off with light insect pressure. Things are picking up now though. We treated a couple fields for mites in the last 6 days. We also had a few fields we had to treat for aphids over the last two weeks. It is frustrating because we did all we could not to flare these insects. Some years you are just going to have problems with these two pests no matter what. And by the way, the idea that rain helps keep mites under control in my area is hog wash, in my book! All it does is mask the symptoms for a little while, especially early season. Plant bugs have picked up but still light overall. We are getting good control on them so far. Changing the subject, we have caught heck getting all of our cotton cleaned up from a grass and weed perspective. Same issues as with the beans – tough weather conditions and crop mixes. We will get there, it’s just going to be more expensive. Lots of Pix going out or trying to go out.
I hope everyone has a great year!

Phillip McKibben, Maben, sent in these 2 photos of Southern Rust in corn from Clay County, Mississippi

Jeff North, Madison, sent this photo of red banded stink bugs.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Tim Richards, Yazoo City
6/19/2017 – This planting season has been very challenging, it’s been work 2-4 days then rain and wait and one to two weeks later catch a similar window of field work. We have quite a few acres that did not get planted due to wet weather. We personally had over 1000 acres of preventive planting of cotton.
Cotton stages range from barely up to 15 nodes. We probably treated 30% total for thrips and most of those acres were later planted cotton. In most cases we had to treat for thrips because we damaged our cotton with preemerge chemicals and cotton was so unhealthy we could no longer tolerate the numbers we were carrying. We had several growers that used N Sol as a starter 2 inches to the side of the seed drill at 10 gallons per acre and this really looks good. I feel like the way we’re hammering this cotton with pre’s this keeps the cotton growing and healthier. I can’t help but wonder if Target Spot gets started on all this damaged leaf tissue because we’re “frying” a lot of this cotton. Plant Bugs are very much present on pigweed but we’ve treated very little so far but I expect this to change this week due to the fact we just had a window to hit them with Liberty or Dicamba. From what I’ve seen Dicamba absolutely needs to go out under a hood and this is still no guarantee it won’t “move”!
Soybeans look really good and range from just blooming to R3. Very quiet as far as insects. Have seen a few Red Banded Stink Bugs on host crops earlier and I expect them to be an issue on late beans.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/19/2017 – Cotton is from cotyledon to 14th node. Rainfall since last Friday has ranged from 1.2 – 8.5″.
Lots of saturated fields with extremely waterlogged cotton. Plant bugs are still fairly low but aphids are building quickly. Most growers got fields cleaned up last week so most fields are in pretty good shape from a weed standpoint.
Peanuts are from 30-60 Days old. Really need to get some fungicides out soon on some older peanuts. We need several days of sunshine to be able to get in to most peanut fields. Last I saw we have a 90% chance of rain for next 3 days so hopefully they will be wrong.
Corn is from pre tassel to early dent. Northern corn leaf blight is showing up in older corn and seems to really be moving up the plant. Will look at some of these fields tomorrow and try to make a decision on what to do.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Bert Falkner, West Point
6/19/2017 – Cotton – 20% was just planted and emerging. Will check stands this week. The balance of crop between 6 – 11 nodes. Started plant bug application last week and continuing this week. Numbers not real high – up to 12%. Also seeing a few moths, a few plants colonized by aphids and my first red banded stink bug. We received a little hail damage over the weekend and up to 5” of rain. This cotton crop has had a tough life so far! Still trying to get fields cleaned up between rains and would like to start Pix but a lot of this cotton is too uneven.
Corn is at R1 to R3 with a lot of potential. Rain this weekend will take it a long way. We’ve flown on a lot of nitrogen the last 10 days. Seeing a little water logged area deficiency symptoms showing up but disease is not a problem.
Soybeans are from V8 to R1/R3. Overall they are fairly clean as pre’s worked well this year (not saying we don’t have some pigweed escapes). Insects low in and we’ll start fungicides in older soybeans soon.
Peanuts are 30 – 45 days old and all fields are blooming. Starting layby applications this week and our first fungicide applications later this week. This is my first year to work with twin-row peanuts and am very pleased to far.

Reporting form the South Delta, Allen McKnight, Greenville
6/19/2017 – Most soybeans are at R3/R4. Have some pigweed escapes, especially where no dicamba was applied earlier. Winds and rain prevented later applications. Insects are insignificant at this time.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/15/17 – Cotton is from just coming up to 13th node. Aphids are really picking up in some areas. Plant bugs in areas are running 20-30% on pinhead cotton. These fields were grown up with large weeds last week and I guess were harboring large numbers. When weeds died they moved into cotton. We are still too wet in some fields but actually saw a little dust flying today.
Peanuts are from 20 – 60 days old and are looking better where they’ve had a few sunny days. Still have fields that are waterlogged bad and seem to catch every scattered shower that come through. Gypsum was being applied to most fields I looked at today.
The few soybeans I have up are at R4.5 and look really good. Not a lot of insects at the present time. Hopefully planters will be able to run in the next day or two.

Reporting from East Mississippi, Phillip McKibben, Maben
6/15/17 – This year we will find out whether sweetpotato production and Xtend technologies are compatible. Our sweetpotato plant-beds were hit with dicamba drift early, and we have fields that have had exposure to multiple waves of dicamba drift in Tallahatchie County. And we fully expect them to be exposed to more waves of dicamba drift in the near future. It’s hard to be optimistic when neighboring fields of knee-high soybeans are being destroyed and replanted right across the turn-row because of dicamba drift injury. Time will tell the effect on our crop.
Corn is in full tassel to blister stage, and moisture is almost adequate in most locations. Pivots will begin and pumps will be humming next week for sure though. We’ve seen some common rust, and there’s no shortage of earworms in non-Bt varieties.
Soybeans are growing rapidly. We’re bouncing between R2 and R2-R3, hoping to maintain vegetative growth in our indeterminate varieties on dryland acres. Alfalfa hoppers have finally shown up, but numbers are very much suppressed in our traditional hotbed locations compared with recent years. We’re finding odd mixes of cloverworms, grape colaspis, and stinkbugs of all flavors, but no issues requiring treatment as of yet.
Cotton is finally beginning to grow. Some 7-leaf cotton is only this week looking like a crop that one wants to claim, yet some of our earlier cotton has had 10 oz. of mepiquat, and likely will get more next week, and looks great. Plantbugs have been a little heavier than we usually see, but we’ve been able to reduce them by tank-mixing imidacloprid with herbicides or growth regulator so far.
We finished transplanting sweetpotatoes this week (or will by this weekend). This crop has had a great start overall, and excepting herbicide complaints in the delta, we’ve had little else to occupy us. The early crop is plowed, sprayed with Dual and layed by.These acres will be lapped by the middle of next week. What’s been set in the past two weeks looks decent in most places.

Reporting from the North Delta, Justin George, Merigold
6/16/2017 – Rice: ranges from Midseason fertilize timing to some just planted. 1/2 is flooded, 1/4 is going to flood… We have had a lot of success keeping early fields almost grass free. Early seems to be the key with most things these days.
Sharpen in Rice fields seems to hold pigweeds better/longer than some our Soybean pre programs. Rice is a good rotational Crop for the pigweed acre!
Soybeans: ranging from just Planted to R4 (in early dryland). Struggled on the front with some Low Germ/Low vigor “Premium” Varieties this year. This caused replant in May planted beans which had fine conditions for emergence. 80% germ ended up being 50% stands (???). I hope they all make up for it in the end – yield wise. Great Heart and Agrigold Varieties came up with gusto (95% plus stands) btw, in the same fields….same planting date.
The Pigweed game is really changing for me. We’ve had real pressure for years. In April planted fields, the RR program approach does great. BUT if the Gramoxone shot is missed or not perfect in May, the wheels just fall off without Liberty or Extend. Sitting on a farm now that had two burndowns (with residual) and TWO Paraquat (with residual) apps at planting and still had pigweeds 2 weeks later. Corn seems to be the best fix if it is planted/sprayed before the pigs emerge. I’m 90% Extend based off of the growers’ decisions to play defense against Drift from neighbors. So glad they choose that route too. Very few have had to use the technology but those that chose to got very good efficacy out of the product. The others have protected themselves at some place on every farm from an off site Drift. Finding volunteer Soybeans in our fields, that are 1/4 mile away from Dicamba sprayed fields, that are twisted up. Some Drift, some is Volatility. Who knows?
Corn: mostly R3-R4. Great looking corn in Bolivar/Sunflower county. Haven’t sprayed Fungicide yet, and probably won’t… but the Common Rust itself is bothering me. We’ve only had to water one time. Wish price was $4.50-$5.00 per bushel.
Wheat: mostly cut… haven’t heard yields. Rains delayed harvest by two weeks. Did spray for Rust. No worms.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta, Winston Earnheart, Tunica
Crops are looking good but need a general rain. Cotton is second week of squaring to blooming and is in good shape. Plant bugs have been rather light, with fields receiving 0 to 2 applications of insecticide. Control has been adequate and square set percentage has been high.
Rice is from just being flooded to some going into the boot stage. Over all, the rice crop is good. We are touching up some grass areas, and struggling to get a flood on the late planted rice. We have also had to deal with chinch bugs on some of the late rice.
Soybeans are from just emerged to R3 and we are beginning to apply some
R3 treatments. We have found some areas of kudzu bugs, but not to treatment levels. Some fields are troublesome with pigweed control.
Corn is being irrigated and most is through with pollination. We are worried about much of the corn pollinating during a heat wave.

Reporting from the North Delta, Tim Sanders, Sarah
6-12-2017 – Most corn is tasseling and relatively quiet. We had a few isolated stinkbugs early that we treated but that is it. Crop looks good.
Soybeans are 1-2 trifoliates to R3. Some have struggled with waterlogged conditions and early herbicide damage but most are recovering. Oldest beans look great. We have had some green stinkbugs building but haven’t treated any yet. Dicamba drift has occurred in a few locations and we are still trying to figure a few situations out. Herbicide delays and pigweed growth have made for some desperate situations in some cases.
Cotton is from planted this past Friday up to 10th node and squaring. We have treated small acreage for plantbugs but I expect that to increase quickly. Thrips were in many fields and some got treated but with the frequent rains, we avoided treating a lot of fields. Some cotton was planted 3 times because of sandblasting.
Rice is mostly planted. Some is at midseason. We have been way behind getting levees up due to all the rains. Lots of delays have occurred in herbicide treatments as well but overall the rice has remained fairly clean. We were able to hit some early to buy time and in many cases the pre’s worked very well with the moisture.
We had a good run of dry weather last week and into the weekend. A tremendous amount of field work got done and we needed that.

Reporting from the South Delta, Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
6-12-2017 – Rain, rain and more rain! That’s been the story of this spring, but we have still managed to get most of our crops planted. Keeping some clean has been a real challenge.
The corn is from tassel to milk stage and looks very good. In fields with plant populations from 32-35,000 we are seeing ears averaging around 18 rows of kernels with kernels per row in the high 30’s to low 40’s. We have loads of potential but still 30-45 days to maturity. Common Rust has been in most fields for quite some time and we were concerned that it may develop into a problem with the absence of high daytime temperatures, but it hasn’t. We’ve seen a little Northern Corn Leaf Blight and Southern Rust but nothing of concern so far. We’ve seen lesions that could develop into Gray Leaf Spot or Southern Corn Leaf Blight but nothing confirmed yet.
Over 90 percent of our soybeans were planted in the month of April and some will be at R4 this week. We’ve struggled to keep the pigweed under control in a few locations but the early start helped with this on most. The burndown and preplant herbicides did their jobs and the dicamba has proven to be another valuable tool. We’ve had some cotton acres switch to soybeans this month so we’ll have a few acres that will be late. Stink bugs are showing up in most fields including Red Banded. This will make these late planted soybeans a challenge to protect. As with the corn, this soybean crop has potential.
Most of our cotton crop just started squaring or will be at pinhead this week. We have a very small percentage that has been squaring for a couple of weeks now and finding plenty of tarnished plant bugs in it already. We’ve managed to keep the weeds under control and feel good about continuing to do so with the wider dicamba application window but have seen some of the worst burn from glyphosate and metolachlor that I’ve ever witnessed.
We have more fields with a little higher than desired plant populations and a few that we’ve struggled to get a good stand for various reasons. All in all, it’s a good start.

Reporting from the South Delta, Bryan Boyd, Edwards
6/12/2017 – Cotton ranges from just replanted to 11th node. This has been the hardest start I can remember. Most fields look ok on the upper end and very stunted on the low ends. My oldest cotton was supposed to be sprayed last week with imidacloprid for plant bugs averaging around 6%-8% but heavy rains last Monday and Tuesday caused a lot of it go under water, so it was never sprayed. Gates on the levee were opened Friday so a lot of the water is gone today. The cotton is still alive and is now running around 20% plant bugs with quite a bit of fruit shed. Most other cotton will be sprayed this week and next week with imidacloprid. We finally got into fields at the end of last week with herbicide applications. Approximately 110 acres have been abandoned because deer have destroyed the stand.
We will start fungicide applications in oldest soybeans next week. Still trying to clean up a few fields but otherwise pretty quiet right now.
Peanuts range from 21-35 days old. I have several fields that are 30+ days old that look like they are just emerging because deer are eating them up. I have never had this much deer damage. We can’t seem to get ahead of them.

Reporting from the North Delta is David Dubard, Cleveland
6/12/2017 – It’s been a tough start with cotton which ranges anywhere from cotyledon to 12 nodes. Insect pressure has been light. Pig weeds under control with dicamba.
Soybean crop looks fantastic – 95% of my beans were planted in April. Insect and disease pressure low.
Corn crop looks good as all was planted early. Insect pressure is low. Disease pressure starting to increase in some varieties.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/12/2017 – Cotton planters have been going since Friday trying to finish up. Rains came through today and I think that will wind up cotton planting for 2017. Plant bugs are picking up in pinhead square cotton. Sprayers have been running since last Friday and most growers got caught up on herbicide applications. Some fields were pretty grown up and were in dire straights from weed pressure and moisture stress. Cotton looked a lot better today with the 4 days of sunshine since last Thursday. Aphids are present in most fields with some honeydew in a few of the older fields. Really need some dry weather to help establish root system but forecast is not looking good.
Most peanut fields have had herbicide apps and are in pretty good shape. Gypsum applications have gone out on older peanuts where they could stand up. No other problems in peanuts.
Soybeans are still mainly in the sack. Hoping to get planted soon but weather is not cooperating at all.
Corn looks pretty good with not a lot of disease at the present.
Biggest problem is still wet fields, lots of drowned out spots and more rain coming.

Reporting from East Mississippi, John Clark Cook, Vaiden
6/13/2017 – Cotton: Ranging from just planted to 10th node. Thrips have been moderate this year been using acephate where needed. Plant bugs starting to show up, using imidacloprid on them. Weeds have been a problem, finally able to get fields cleaned up over the weekend.
Soybeans: Range from staying in the sack to R3. Can find RBSB in most older soybeans at low levels, but other than that no bug pressure. Weeds are the same as the cotton trying to get them cleaned up.
Corn: Loving the water and cool temps, no problems at this time.
Peanuts: Range from just emerging to staying in the sack and being shipped to Florida. No problems at this time.
This preventive planting may be a good option for growers but it damn hurts on this end. A budget buster for sure!

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta, Herbert Jones, Leland
6/7/2017 – I agree with others that this has been a trying year to get this cotton crop in. Today is the 7th of June and some seed is still in the bag. The majority of my cotton has or will require 2 insecticide applications to control thrips. With lack of sunshine, cooler temperatures and excessive rainfall, cotton is not growing very well. The forecast looks good for the rest of this week and maybe we will get the spurt of growth we need.
Soybean and corn are progressing nicely with very little insect pressure.

Reporting from the South Delta, Jason Grafton, Madison
6/8/17 – We have had a lot of problems this year. If it gets dry enough in next day or two for ground rigs to run, we may be wishing it had kept raining. My hopes are that we are smart when applying herbicides and on label. Some places haven’t been planted the first time. Some places will get planted three times. Soybeans are still in the bag to R4. We will start fungicide applications next week on our R3/R4 beans. We have been seeing RBSB and GSB but in low numbers. Despite the struggles the oldest beans are looking good.
Cotton is from still in the bag (and may stay there) to 9th node. This crop has been slow to take off but a lot of it is finally looking like a cotton crop. Insect pressure has been low. We have treated a few fields for thrips but nothing like I thought we would, considering the weather. Pinhead treatments are getting lined up on squaring cotton. Weeds are the most pressing issue at the moment.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/8/2017 – Cotton ranges from cotyledon to 12th node. Growers are trying to clean up fields after being out of the field for a couple of weeks. Most fields are pretty saturated and most cotton is red stemmed and stunted. All cotton planted in mid-April has no root system and all fields are not holding fruit very well. Plant bugs are well below threshold but some treatments are going out with growth regulators and RoundUp. I think we have a few days of no rain but chances pick back up Sunday. All cotton is still not planted. They will plant through the 15th if fields dry up enough to get it in.
Peanuts are in okay shape overall. Residuals are still holding well. Some herbicides have gone out on older peanuts and have worked well. Oldest peanuts are around 59 days old today. Pegs are few and far between. Peanuts seem to be running about a week behind. No insects at this time.
Soybeans are still in the sack for the most part. What few acres I have planted are at R-4 and look really good. No insects at the present.
Corn is from V-5 to roasting ear. Disease is still very low to nonexistent. Have a few fields that have been too wet to get herbicides out. Hopefully they can get in soon.
All in all, this has been a rough start. Got to get better!!!

Reporting from North Delta, Billy Price, Charleston
6/8/2017 – We have cotton from two leaves to pinhead square. Weed control has been a challenge with the weather, very little replant.
Corn is just before tassel to ear forming, very little disease except some common rust.
Beans are from 4 trifoliate to R3, with about 10% to plant and 1000 acres to replant because of dicamba drift. This is all Will and I have done for 2 months is look at complaints, it is from Tallahatchie Co. to Panola and Quitman Co. We are past sick and tired of this issue!!!!!

Reporting from East Mississippi, Ty Edwards, Water Valley
6/8/2017 – Cotton- Our entire crop ranges from 3-5 true leaves. We seem to be on the back end of the thrips situation now. We sprayed a lot of acres for them, mostly included in a herbicide application. But after we knocked them out the first time, they didn’t seem to re-infest like they usually do. In a few cases of no till, we upped the rate to take out alfalfa hoppers. Surprisingly, pigweed control is great so far. Our pre at planting held on good, and we’ve already been over everything with 1-2 more shots of something, mainly either a Dual type product or Staple. Had one grower that hadn’t used Staple in about 8 years spray a “highly roundup resistant” population of pigweeds with 2 oz. Staple and absolutely smoked them. The majority of our cotton will be squaring next week.
Soybeans- If it weren’t for the drift/inversion issues with dicamba, there would be virtually nothing to talk about. Most beans got planted in an early window in April. Those that didn’t just got planted the last few weeks of May.
Corn- Well, this corn crop is absolutely loving this weather. And so are the growers. So far, not a single well has been fired up. We’ve been applying a top shot of N to compensate for all this rain, and the assumed loss of N.
Sweet potato- Everybody is done setting. We got the best set we’ve ever had. Transplant survival was near 100%, and we’re done almost 2 weeks early. Because of the moisture and cooler conditions, growers were able to begin setting earlier in the morning than usual and not worry about survival. We’re beginning to plow now, as well as incorporate a few things in front of the cultivators.

Reporting from the South Delta, Haley Easley, Greenwood
6/8/2017 – Soybeans and corn look extremely good. A lot of corn is pollinated and still has not been irrigated. There are some weed pressure in some bean and cotton fields that are becoming a problem due to wet weather. Plant bug pressure a little higher than in past years on squaring cotton and most fields receiving applications of imidacloprid as they begin to square. Sweeping more stink bugs than normal but still below threshold. I have swept several redbanded stink bugs in last 10 days. Corn disease very low for now except some common rust but still at low levels. Seems like insect pressure may be a little higher than normal. We are enjoying frequent rains but needs to warm up a bit to get cotton growing.

Photos from Phillip McKibben, Maben, show the white mycelium of taproot decline fungi in the above-ground phase. Above ground – dead plants.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
6/4/17 – Cotton– This has been the worst start on a cotton crop that I can remember. We started planting April 11. Most of this cotton came up pretty, but was lost to terrible weather. This old cotton that survived is at 9 and 10 nodes. We are lining up to spray this cotton for plant bugs as soon as the weather breaks. Most of our cotton is out of the thrips stage and is at 4–5 nodes. We have several “train wrecks” with our weed control efforts. Wet weather has delayed pigweed applications, as well as wind and sensitive crops nearby. We have taken some yield loss due to competition already. The Dicamba has worked well where got it out on small pigweeds, but it will take another shot as soon as it dries up.
Corn– The corn has benefitted from this weather I guess. Most corn is tasseled and roasting ear stage. SWCB traps on non-Bt acres haven’t caught any moths yet. Very little disease has been seen. Haven’t had to irrigate yet, weed control has been good and we have some nice uniform looking corn.
Soybeans— most of our beans were planted in the April window form the 12th through the 17th. Most are at R 2 with a few fields at R 3. Insects have been very low to this point. Weed control has been good, with a few grown up messes scattered about. Overall beans look good. Will be watching for disease and preparing to make fungicide applications as needed.

Reporting from the South Delta, Virgil King, III, Lexington
6/5/17 – We are continuing to get excessive rain which is making all field work extremely difficult. Our cotton ranges from not planted to 11 nodes. We have started to sweep plant bugs in older cotton and are making pinhead applications. We have made some weed treatments with roundup or sequence by air but need to get in with ground equipment to work on pigweeds.
Our soybeans are mostly R2 at this time. We are sweeping stink bugs of all flavors including red banded. No treatments made yet.
Corn continues to do well with all at tassel and silking. No disease other than some common rust at this time.
Our peanuts are doing good and for most part our at-planting weed control is holding. No insect or disease treatments yet. We have some fields showing thrips sign and have also seen some granulated cutworms.

Reporting from South Mississippi, Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/5/2017 – Cotton is from cotyledon to 12th node. Fields planted in last three weeks are grown up and are too wet too spray. No insects to speak of so far this week. Plant bugs are building in older cotton and with cotton having a hard time holding and setting fruit due to conditions; some treatments will go out as soon as sprayers will stand up. Aphids are beginning to show up in clumps but nothing too widespread yet.
Peanuts are all planted and up with most fields having a great stand but some fields with drowned out spots. Residuals have held wonderfully and glad we had them out. Oldest fields are just beginning to peg. Older peanuts seem to be about a week behind due to cold wet start. Herbicides, gypsum and fungicides will all go out as soon as fields dry up.
Corn looks great with very little disease, great pollination and very little disease at the present time.
Soybeans are just up. The few acres of early beans look good with no major problems other than being saturated. Oldest beans are at R4.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi, Homer Wilson, Fulton
6/5/2017 – Our area is a different world from last year – moisture wise. We are wet, wet and needing sun. Crops look pretty good for all the rain we’ve had. Cotton stands are good – no replanting but we do have some bad roots in out lower ground. Our cotton ranges from first leaf to 5 nodes – most about 3 modes. Thrips have been constant but our seed treatments (self and in-furrow) have done remarkable with the weather we’ve had. Very little spraying – maybe 15% of our acreage. Our need at present is sun and dry weather to get weeds.
Corn is loving this weather and looks fine. Corn ranges from 8 leaves to early silk – most in early tassel.
Not many early beans – some still to plant – what we have are very pretty and so far only a sprinkle of bugs. But we added acephate to the herbicides.
Wheat is ready and looks above average.
Just waiting on dry weather. Hope we get some sun Tuesday.

Reporting from the South Delta, Lauren Green, Greenwood
6/6/2017 – Cotton is anywhere from cotyledon to 8th node. Thrips have been an issue where burndown was late otherwise we have been able to get past fourth leaf with no problem. We have been able to get most fertilizer out between rains yet still have some that needs it.
Soybeans range from first trifoliate to R2. In soybeans not much going on as far as insects. Picking up a few stinkbugs in R2 beans and that’s about it. Most farmers were able to use a pre this year and are glad they did with the weather acting like it has so far. The few fields where rains caught them, I am not sure if they will be able to clean up.
All the corn is tasseling and no diseases yet. Corn looks good.

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