Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
7/21/2016 – Cotton looks good. Plantbugs are increasing and bollworms are also starting to show up. Spider mites are popping up in some fields and we have been treating them as we go. Even areas that have had low insect pressure all year are getting hotter.
Beans: Most beans are from R3-R5. Fungicides have gone out on irrigated beans and insects have been light. Bollworms are showing up now though in the young beans.
Corn is nearly done. All corn is in dent and many fields are either being watered one last time or just got a rain at the end of last week. A few fields are entering black layer.
Rice: My youngest rice is in early boot. Most fields are boot split to heading. We may drain a little rice next week. Stinkbugs are not everywhere but continue to show up on a good amount of acreage. Armyworms have been bad on edges and grassy areas in fields where we struggled to control it. They are also in some of the heading rice. We are treating some fields with pyrethroids.

Reporting from the North Delta is Will Price, Charleston
7/21/2016 – I hope all is going well for everyone. This season has been a long and busy one with quite a stretch to go, but hopefully all the hard work by all pays off at the finish!
Corn: Most of my corn is past R5 and basically monitoring disease pressure or lack thereof, and answering questions about when to terminate irrigation. I am cautiously optimistic about yields.
Cotton: Fields are from 13-18 nodes. Making PGR applications, mostly tied in with insecticide as well. Insect pressure has been relatively light, but has increased over the last 10-14 days. Most all cotton I am scouting has been treated twice for plant bugs, and about half is scheduled/just treated for the 3rd time. Bollworm moths have been seen sparingly over the last 10 days, but no egg or larvae numbers of any note to this point. Also seeing aphids cluster is spots and treated some cotton for them on one farm. Cotton has an excellent fruit load for the most part.
Soybeans: Stage ranges from R2-R5. Mostly we are just trying to stay on schedule with irrigation. Clover worms are increasing in older beans and I am picking up boll/pod worms at very low numbers. Kudzu bugs are a nuisance, but nothing of enormous number in my area. The only thing I am treating is armyworms in young beans with heavy grass pressure.

Reporting from the South Delta is Pete Mims Baughman, Indianola
7/21/2016 – Soybeans are R3-R5 stage of development. Fungicide applications are being made to R3-R4 beans. Beginning to pick up bollworms in R3-R4 beans and picking up scattered stinkbugs in older R5 beans.
All corn is dent stage of development. Milk starch line is 1/4 to 3/4. Oldest corn is receiving last irrigation this week.
Rice is from midseason nitrogen application to milk/dough stage Rice that is beginning to head is receiving fungicide applications at this point. Leaf blast is being observed on susceptible varieties. Some of the younger rice is being treated for armyworms at this time using a pyrethroid.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/21/2016 – Cotton is moving along extremely quick. Lots of my acres are at 2-4 NAWF this week. Lots of bollworm/budworm activity. Plant bugs are extremely erratic and aphids are exploding. Most cotton has had good rains in the past 10 days. I’m hoping aphids will crash soon. Cotton looks really good overall. Still have some fields that are in tough shape and need lots of rain soon.
Peanuts are from 60-90 days old and look extremely good. Disease is still low to nonexistent. Loopers, Falls, and a few bollworms are in most fields but at low numbers. No treatments going out at the present time.
Corn is from early dent to 2 weeks from harvest. Corn looks really good. Rains this week finished most acres out.
Soybeans from R3 to R5.6. Still not a lot of issues in beans. Most soybeans are at R3 this week. Early beans look extremely good. Most of my area with soybeans are on the dry side. Hopefully those areas can get some rain before long or yields will be reduced.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
7/22/2016 – Corn – black layer will be reached within 10 days on most of our corn. Yield projection for irrigated – 180 bushel average, dryland – 125 bushels. I’d love to be proven wrong on both accounts.
Soybean – the bulk of our crop is coming into R3 to early R5. Recent rains have offered us potential, we will need additional rainfall to realize it. Kudzu bugs are nasty. They smell bad, taste bad, and can burn your skin. Fortunately, the numbers have not dictated specific applications targeting them. Stinkbugs are non-existent. Alfalfa hoppers have been above threshold in some fields (yes, the new threshold). Worms have really taken off in a few small pockets; these are mixtures of Cloverworms, Loopers, and Podworms. Frogeye is showing up in some different varieties than we were expecting, and it is not everywhere, but with each shower of rain, it shows up in more and fields.
Cotton – Most has had two shots of Pix, some got a single pint where we had uneven emergence, and thus delayed the first shot. Aphids have been hard to spot until this week, but now seem to be blossoming. Plantbugs have been very manageable to date.
Milo – Aphids are still difficult to find, midge never showed their faces during bloom, but recently headworms went from zero to threshold in about five days. We’re at soft-dough stage through the top half of most heads, and counting on the Prevathon to take us the rest of the way through.
Sweetpotato – I mention this crop last only because I feel like it bores some folks… like it’s not a ‘real’ crop. It is a difficult crop to learn and difficult to learn how to manage. The growing is the easy part. Consistently producing high yields is the challenge.
Sweetpotato is a storage root; designed to survive hard times. It stresses the mind every time it rains, and inner turmoil begins. Corn gets a rain and we say “Yeah”. Beans get a rain and we say “Yeah”. Cotton gets a rain and we say “Yeah”. Sweetpotatoes get a rain and we’re like “Okay, I guess, sure hope it wasn’t too much, but we sure needed it… I think”. Sometimes the highly stressed crops become some of our best crops; we just have to get some rain at the end to size them up, but not too much rain or they all rot in the ground.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Tim Richards – Yazoo City
7/18/2016 – Cotton ranges from 14-21 nodes. It’s been a light plant bug year – they appear to prefer pigweed over cotton. We’re flushing bollworm moths. We’re switching off of Transform or imidacloprid and using pyrethroids plus acephate and Diamond. Spider mites have been delayed by less early sprays but have sprayed a few small fields. In soybeans, we’ve just started finding bollworm larvae and it looks like certain stages need watching closely.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Mitch LeFlore, Eupora
7/18/2016 – Cotton: looks great due to ample rainfall we’ve been blessed with. We are trying to stay ahead of it with our PGR applications. Spraying conventional cotton with Prevathon as you read this due to heavy bud worm, egg lay, and small worms. All other cotton has zero to very low plant bug and insect pressure.
Soybeans: looks great also due to time of rain. Some beans have received fungicide but rest of the beans should receive it this week other than wheat beans. Insects have not been a problem other than kudzu bug that have been everywhere.
Milo: started spraying sugarcane aphids two weeks ago. Very low midge populations. Will probably start spraying head worms in very near future.
Sweet potato: overall crop looks better thanks to rainfall. Treated over 80% of acres for heavy granulated cutworm pressure last week. Things look better this week.
Peanuts: getting geared up to spray fungicide. Our peanuts are a little later. Had to spray several peanut fields for very high numbers of granulated cutworms. Rest of fields looked good.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/18/2016 – Cotton is from 14-21 nodes. Older cotton running 5-7 NAWF for the most part. Aphids are still exploding in later planted cotton and seem to be more of a presence in oldest cotton today. Bollworm and budworm moths are being flushed in most fields. Eggs are running 3-12% with a few dead neonates being found. Plant bugs are extremely low in most areas. Stink bugs are building in older cotton. Nothing treatable as of today.
Corn is from early dent to black layer with most corn a week out from black layer.
Soybeans got some much needed rain last week across most of my area. Beans are from R1 to R5.5. Not a lot going on in beans at the end of last week but worms of all sorts seem to be getting a little worse every day.
Peanuts are from 60-90 DAP. Peanuts are still looking really good with little to no insect problems and very little disease.

Reporting from the North Delta is Winston Earnheart, Tunica
7/19/2016 – Cotton: The cotton crop looks good and is fruited very well. Plant bugs have been light, but numbers are higher around corn. Treatments have been successful, and intervals between sprays have been much longer than in past years. Rice: Older rice is heading and we have been treating for rice stink bugs. The crop looks good over all. We are trying to clean up some of the late rice where effectiveness and timing were hindered by hot, dry weather. Growers are struggling to maintain floods on all of the rice. We are having to treat some of the rice fields for armyworms.
Soybeans: The soybean crop looks good, and most all of the beans have been treated with an R3 dose. We are seeing kudzu bugs in some of the fields, but have only reached treatment level in the hills. Looper numbers have increased over the last week.
Corn: The corn crop is also good, and most of it is denting. Irrigation is still being applied.

A photo from Jeff North, Madison, show downy mildew on a soybean leaf.

Downey mildew on soybeans - north

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Justin George, Merigold
7/4/2016 – Rice: some heads emerging this weekend. Disease pressure seems light. One last field of rice just emerging. Next week I should have the majority beginning to head. Hope CL 163 does well. It’s a good looking variety thus far. I have more Conventional rice this year than I’ve been having. Grass control in a conventional grass crop isn’t getting any easier.
Soybeans: Oldest beans are through blooming, and youngest field has a late season variety trial in it that’s just beginning trifoliates. Beginning 2nd round of irrigations this week on most acres. Young beans are just getting gently watered at hoping not to hurt them. Some fungicide went out last week. Some growers are still fully in favor of this shot, some are not. Some growers seemed to have decided to put Fungicide money into Potash applications. Did pick up a few bollworms last week but very scattered. Potato leafhoppers are in high numbers. Had a handful of kudzu bugs in the Doddsville area last week.
Corn: 115 day variety is full dent with milk line forming. Beginning 4th irrigation this week. Corn crop is moving fast. I’m glad for those that chose to plant some this year and got in on $4.50 price (if they pulled the trigger). I’ve got some great looking corn planted at 33,500 and then some planted at a slightly high population (36k) that looks like problem. Very interested to see how that works out. Most of the Nitrogen went out by plane or buggy even though growers said they were gonna knife, it just didn’t work out.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/4/2016 – Cotton is from 11th node to 18th. Cotton, as a whole looks extremely good but is getting close to needing a rain. Isolated showers last week helped but we are really in need for a good general rain. Plant bugs are relatively light but aphids are really exploding today in some fields. Still picking up lots of stink bugs (brown and red shouldered) in sweep nets and just visually seeing them.
Corn is from silking to a week away from black layer. Southern rust has shown up south of Hattiesburg but not picking up much anywhere else. Irrigation systems are in full motion.
Soybeans are from V3 to R4. Not a lot of problems in soybeans. Aerial web blight is showing up in some narrow row beans along the Miss. River. Gonna give these beans another week, soybeans weren’t blooming last week. Will make decision this week on treatment options. Insects picking up a little but nothing at treatable levels.
Peanuts are from 40 to 75 dap. Disease has still been hard to find. Peanuts still look really good but as in cotton, a good general rain would be worth a lot. Fungicides are about the only products going out now.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
Cotton: Nearly all cotton is blooming. Plantbug numbers have been light. A little cotton is getting the first application this week, but most has had 1-2 applications. Diamond was added on the second application in most cases. Fields by corn have been heavier but even those numbers are not what they have been in the past. Cotton looks good.
Soybeans range from not yet blooming up to R4. Insects have been very quiet. More kudzu bugs have been found this year but not close to treatment levels.
Corn is mostly getting into dough stage and some is starting to dent. Some of the dryland suffered in the heat.
Rice is mostly in boot but a little is still in midseason. A few heads were found last week. Stinkbugs are all along the edges. A few fields have been very difficult to clean up with the delays we had early on. Rice flat sedge is all over the place and is a game changer in some fields.
Pigweed is a constant in all crops, but we have gotten used to that. Overall we have done well with control but we have our spots.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
7/5/2016 – Cotton- In our worst plant bug areas we’ve only managed to break threshold once. They’ve essentially been non-existent. We’ve done some poisoning for them, but most of this has been because the insecticide was too cheap to leave off as we made a trip with something else. We got a much needed rain today, as I had some farmers who were going on 8 weeks without a measurable rain event. Cotton ranges from 3rd week of bloom to a week from bloom. However, about 90% will be blooming in a few days.
Sweet potato – We’ve had some bad flea beetle spots where we’ve treated several times, and based on sweep net counts in cotton and soybeans, this apparently is a big year for them. Other than that, plowing and laying by as usual.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Andy Tonos, Greenville
6/29/2016 – Not much going on in Corn except irrigation and more irrigation! Corn crop looks good despite the rough start and a good bit of replanting.
Soybeans have been relatively quiet insect wise. A lot of weed control still going on. As I’m sure everyone else is I’m tired of dealing with pigweed! Fungicides going out on some varieties. Irrigating heavily this week.
In the Rice the last bit is going to flood. Most has had both mid-season shots and the oldest flag leaves are emerging. Weed control has been very challenging this year mainly where it got too dry and heavier weed pressure on normally historically clean fields due to backwater flooding early.
In the little bit of cotton I check out pre’s didn’t get activated and we came back with Liberty + Dual. This helped a lot. Finishing applying pin-head square applications and Pix and laying by. Insect pressure hasn’t been real bad YET.

Reporting from the North Delta is Winston Earnheart, Tunica
6/30/2016 – Crops are looking good but need a general rain. Cotton is second week of squaring to blooming and is in good shape. Plant bugs have been rather light , with fields receiving 0 to 2 applications of insecticide. Control has been adequate and square set percentage has been high.
Rice is from just being flooded to some going into the boot stage. Over all, the rice crop is good. We are touching up some grass areas, and struggling to get a flood on the late planted rice. We have also had to deal with chinch bugs on some of the late rice.
Soybeans are from just emerged to R3 and we are beginning to apply some
R3 treatments. We have found some areas of kudzu bugs, but not to treatment levels. Some fields are troublesome with pigweed control.
Corn is being irrigated and most is through with pollination. We are worried about much of the corn pollinating during a heat wave.

Reporting from the North Delta is Joseph Dean, Cleveland
6/30/16 – Cotton is 14 to 15 Nodes and blooming. Plant bug pressure has not been bad. 2nd Plant bug application was just applied on 6/29 with Pix.
Corn is R1 to Dent. Disease pressure is light. Corn borer numbers in traps are low.
Soybeans range from V1 to R5. Fungicide has been applied to beans planted 1st week of April. I am not finding enough insects to even mention. Pig weed have been the biggest problem. Lots of pre emerge chemicals are being activated by irrigation.

Reporting from the South Delta is Trent LaMastus, Cleveland
7/1/2016 – Cotton ranges from v7-second week of bloom. There are many acres that have that range in the same field. Plant bugs have been light to this point but are on the rise in a few areas. Even next to corn there have been just enough plant bugs to merit trimming. Mites gave us a scare very early around the 2 node stage but treated very little. That being said we picked up some yesterday that we set up for treatment and are going to hold till next week on others to try to piggyback a plant bug shot. Lay-by will be tricky in many areas with uneven stands and pix has been challenging as well. Square retention is excellent. We will start some irrigation next week.
Soybean are v2-r5+. There are a lot of acres that have about a 6 trifoliate gap in age in the same field. Insects have been very light but we are picking up about every kind of pest you would expect to find in soybeans. Our herbicide program was challenging earlier but we have things under control over all with a few pigweed problem areas here and there, could be worse!
Corn in my area ranges from r3-full dent. The heat is really pushing this crop to finish earlier than our planting date set us up for. No problems in the corn other than some wind damage a couple weeks ago. I’m optimistic that our corn crop is better than last year.
Irrigation is in full swing in soybeans and corn and as mentioned above we will start watering some cotton this weekend. The moisture sensors I’ve sold and installed to this point have helped us push back some irrigation events and let us know to irrigate sooner than expected in other cases. This is my third year to use sensors and they have proven to be a valuable tool. Soon we will be relying on them to help terminate irrigation on our earliest corn.

Reporting from East Mississippi is John Clark Cook, Vaiden
7/1/2016 – Cotton: Finding first blooms this week with most of the cotton ranging 11-13 NAWF with excellent fruit retention. Insect pressure is very low for this time of year but expecting plant bugs to pick up very soon.
Peanuts: Started running first fungicide shots last week. Finding some armyworms behind the grass control, may have to hit some of the hotspots.
Soybeans: Ranging from V3 to R5, finding some red banded stink bugs and foliage feeding worms but nothing at threshold yet. Will start fungicides next week on the growers who want to put a plant health shot out.
Corn: Oldest starting to dent, no disease to speak of. Will probably have to let the air out of the combine tires to get it low enough to cut this short corn crop!

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Herbert Jones, Leland
6/24/2016 – Cotton: all older cotton was sprayed for plant bugs with Pix added. Younger cotton (pre-squaring to 7th node) did not have counts enough to warrant treating. Soybeans: insect pressure extremely low.

Reporting from the South Delta is Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
6/27/2016 – Corn – Although the extremely wet spring made corn planting difficult and reduced corn acres in my area, it appears that the fields we got planted will be productive. We entered May wet and the soil was getting dry from the 15th to 25th then showers started again. The corn was from V10 to tassel during this period and little if any needed irrigation, but lots received it. Because of this and the rains that followed we have some fields that have suffered probable yield reductions due to loss of nitrogen or other prolonged saturation problems. We’ve also seen some very minor pollination problems from the extreme heat during the second to third weeks of June and have encountered some ear pinch from late herbicide applications. These “problem areas” are very isolated. Our earliest corn should be beginning to develop a starch (or milk) line which puts it less than three weeks from maturity. Our latest corn is at milk stage now and may be vulnerable to the Grey Leaf Spot and what we suspect is Southern Corn Leaf Blight that we are finding in some fields. Thanks to Dr Tom Allen for his willingness to trek to the fields to verify corn diseases for us.
Cotton – Our cotton crop has gotten off to a good start. The earliest cotton in our area is at first bloom and the latest is a week into squaring. We’ve really struggled to keep the pigweed from taking some fields and have wrecked our herbicide budgets. They’re semi under control now but we know the battle’s not over yet. We are beginning layby now but some growers still refuse to go back to a “true layby”. I’m afraid this is going to come back to haunt them.
Plant bug pressure has been fairly light so far but we began to see the migration out the corn fields last week. This will definitely take it to another level. In the fields where we’ve convinced our growers to use sound pest management practices through thrips and early plant bug season, we’ve seen very few spider mites. In the fields that growers still adhere to the old “kill bug” mentality, we’ve made as many as three abamectin applications already. I’m sure we’ll be forced to switch to other chemistries to control spider mites soon. We’ve made very few Diamond applications to date but expect that to change this week. The only irrigation so far has been to get a stand or activate herbicides.
Soybeans – Our growers finally finished planting soybeans last week so we’ll have soybeans ranging from emergence to R4 this week. We’ve started our R3-R4 fungicide applications and this will be a busy week with this. With the lower commodity prices, we’re being more conservative with the fungicide applications and have encouraged growers to shop for the best bang for their bucks. Insect pressure has been light so far just as it normally is at this stage. Pigweeds have been a nightmare in our early soybeans due to delayed herbicide applications. We’ve tried about everything we could think of and have beaten them back but we will have to break out the hoes on some. Everywhere that they’re out of control is due to a grower ignoring one of the many do’s and don’ts of pigweed control.
All in all, the soybean crop looks very good at this point.

Reporting from the North Delta is Billy Price, Charleston
6/27/2016 – Cotton ranges from 7 nodes to 14 nodes and averages 10 nodes and holding a good fruit load should see some blooms next day or two.
Soybeans range from laying in dry dirt to R5; irrigated beans are loaded and look good.
Corn ranges from V12 to R3, some fungicides are going out but this is farmers decision.
Most of our peanuts are blooming and started to peg, any crop we are looking at looks good where we can irrigate. We will see a lot of Liberty Beans next year; weed pressure has been tough to deal with!

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
6/27/2016 – Blooms today! Plant bugs are light with only some spot spraying. Cotton is beautiful with great fruit load. About 1/3 of my crops received up to 1” of rain today (Tuesday 6/28). Starting layby.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from south Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/23/2016 – Cotton is from 7th nod to 15. Lay-by rigs running in all older cotton. Bugs are still relatively light. Picking up brown stink bugs in sweeps regularly.
Peanuts are from 40 to 60 days old. Peanuts look extremely good. Older peanuts are all lapped up and most fields got apogee earlier this week. Moisture is good and they are setting pegs in and putting on pods. Herbicides have worked extremely well. I am picking up low numbers of loopers consistently in most fields. Nothing treatable but seems awful early. Growers are putting gypsum out on later planted peanuts.
Soybeans are from V2 to R3. Not a lot going on in beans. Herbicide apps going out in most fields this week. Loopers showing up in beans as well, but low numbers.

Reporting from the south Delta is Haley Easley, Greenwood
6/24/2016 – Crops starting to have a better look than three weeks ago. Majority of corn has pollinated and looks good. Late planted corn suffered from wind storm last week but standing back up now.
Soybeans will start receiving fungicide app next week on April planting and some fields are not even blooming yet. Probably the most uneven emergence in beans that I have seen. It will be interesting to see how they yield.
Cotton and peanuts look very good with little insect pressure except for occasional plant bugs in cotton. Peanuts are 30-45 DAP and are getting first fungicide apps.

Reporting from the north Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
6/24/2016 – Cotton— We found our first bloom this week, on the 22nd. Most of our cotton is around 12 nodes and will be blooming next week. We have been battling pigweeds. Most cotton has received two apps of Liberty over the top. One of which contained dual and roundup
We are getting dry again, especially on our north end area around Marks, Ms. We are trying to lay by now, so we can lay pipe and irrigate. Plant bugs have been light overall.
Making our second application and adding Diamond. Also adding Pix where needed.
Mites have been spotty, but Liberty has controlled these spots. We need a general rain.
Corn – Most corn has tasseled and is black silk. SWCB traps went up this week but still well below threshold. Irrigation is in full swing going around for the third time. Disease pressure has been very low. See a few spots of common rust, nothing major.
Peanuts —- Our peanuts at 45 days old. We made our lay by app. with Cadre, Dual, and DB last week but haven’t had a rain on one farm. We cut the pivot on to activate the lay by on the other farm. We put boron out with the lay by. We’ll add second shot of boron next week with first fungicide. Insects low thus far. Will chop a few escaped pigweeds.
Soybeans— most soybeans have been laid by, and irrigation has started. Have applied fungicide on a small percentage of the acreage. Insect pressure has been very low.
We’re thankful for Liberty beans this year. PPO resistance is showing up, and will be more Liberty beans next year. Boundary plus Gramoxone was our best pre, followed by Prefix and Roundup. We even had some conventional beans and got lucky with a shot of Blazer followed by Prefix, but we still have the potential for a disaster if it doesn’t rain to activate the Prefix. See photos below.

Reporting from east Mississippi is Bert Falkner – West Point
6/25/2016 – Cotton is 3rd-4th node to found 1st bloom late this week-mostly 9th-11th node-lay by starting-plant bugs normal to lite. In heavy areas-up to 3 treatments. Continuous migration into these fields. Started few pix applications last week-more uneven stands down row this year. Also, 3 cornered alfalfa hopper damage. Good rain last Friday in my area was really nice. Overall fruit set is ok-heavy plant bug fields not as pleased-
Soybeans – 3rd trifoliate to R3-R4 growth stage-mostly V-10 to R1. We’ve had a hard time with weed control because of weather and pre herbicides and also stands in some areas. Insects are low in soybeans and will be close to fungicides in oldest beans next week. Not seeing much disease yet.
Corn – Late pollination to R3-R4 growth stage. So far overall very pleased with pollination. Was very concerned last week with heat and dry weather and high night time temperatures but the corn I look at I feel a lot better this week. Rain last week really helped. Not seeing disease and insect numbers are low in traps. Pivots stopped for a short time but started back Wed. Moisture sensors are a great tool!
Peanuts – All peanuts layed by or finishing up now and will treat grass again soon. Starting 1st fungicide application at day 50. I do see low levels of southern blight in peanuts behind peanuts. Peanuts range in age from day 35 to day 58 this past week. Insect pressure is low with scattered foliage feeding worms but watching now – 10 days from lapping middles. I will think about watering oldest peanuts with no rain next week.

Photos from Tucker Miller, Drew. Click on image to enlarge.


Pigweed in convention soybeans

Pigweed in conventional soybeans

Pigweed in conventional soybeans after treatment

Pigweed in conventional soybeans after treatment

Pigweed pressure in cotton

Pigweed pressure in cotton

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Consultants Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Virgil King, Lexington
6/20/2016 – Cotton is looking much better at this time and starting to grow off with recent rains. Crop ranges from 2 nodes to 14, with most at node 9-10 nodes. Starting to see plant bugs move in and getting out pinhead applications at this time. We had some severe thunderstorms this past Friday and had damage from hail on some of our farms.
Our corn is at v15 to R3. No disease problems have been treated at this time. I have seen some Northern Corn Leaf Blight but still low in the canopy.
So far our soybeans have not had much pressure in them but we have started to sweep some stink bugs. There are a few other pest that show up occasionally in net but nothing close to threshold. We have not started any fungicide applications yet.
Peanuts are getting weed work at this time with some boron. I have not had any disease issues in them so far.

Reporting from the North Delta is Joe Townsend, Coahoma
6/20/2016 – Good rains in most fields. Cotton – Very light on insects at the moment. All cotton had to be treated earlier for thrips. Oldest is at 9th node and squaring nicely.
Corn – Oldest is at blister and the potential is looking really good this year. Some corn had to be treated for bollworm. Fungicide is out on a lot of the corn.
Beans – Ranges from not yet planted to r4. We’ve hardly treated any so far. Just starting to see loopers and stink bugs at threshold this week

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/20/2016 – Cotton is from 6th node to pink bloom. Plant bugs are all over the board but mainly pretty light. Plant growth regulators and herbicide apps are the primary activity in fields this week.
Corn is from pre tassel to full dent. Rains have helped a lot the past week but still have a few fields that could use a lot of rain. Seeing a little northern corn leaf blight today but nothing too concerning.
Peanuts are from 30 to 60 dap. Fungicides and growth regulators going out on older peanuts and herbicides on younger ones. No disease pressure as of now but I am picking up a few loopers – none at treatment level.

Reporting from North East Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
6/20, 2016 – We finally got a great rain on the 15th and then the 17th. About 80% of my area got from 2.25 inches to 3 inches. This should save our older corn which is in full silk. Most of the younger corn is pre-tassel and has good potential right now. Dry weather has been our limiting factor.
Cotton looks super. Old cotton is 9-10 nodes and should bloom about the 28th. Second planting is about 10 days behind. About 60% of our acres has had a plant bug spray. Numbers have not been high but old cotton had about 20% fruit loss before the rain. We started some PGR Fri. before it rained and finished today. We may have to spray more plant bugs late week and will add more PGR probably 5-6 oz. Having to put Envoke on some spotty marestail but most other weeds are in control.
Beans have had grass and weeds but dry weather has been main problem. Some 3 CAH and Jap beetles around but no real problems yet.
Wheat has cut well – lots averaging in the 60’s and test wts. have been mostly 58 to 60. Harvest is about 80% complete and some beans were going in today. Moisture is good right now. Hope everyone got some rain.

The photo below of a white and pink cotton bloom is from Bruce Pittman, Coila (6/19/2016).

cotton blooms - Pittman - 6-16

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/16/2016 – Cotton is from 5-13 nodes. Plant bugs are picking up everyday. Some treatments have gone out this week with Glyphosate and plant growth regulators. Rains really helped cotton crop get a jump.
Peanuts are getting gypsum apps and fungicides. Weed control has done well and most fields are extremely clean with exception of the few fields that didn’t get pre’s activated. 50% of acres will be lapped next week. Oldest peanuts are 55 days old. Youngest are 22. No disease as of today.
Corn is from pre tassel to full dent. No problems yet from disease. Stink bugs are picking up. Np treatments as of now.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
The earliest beans and our dryland corn are hanging in the balance. We still have a good potential, but we need water and a lot of it; these showers are helping, but we need a toad strangler.
Our sweetpotatoes are 90% planted, but that’s doesn’t help the fellow’s feelings that still lacks 50%. The crop looks great over all; it’s just hard to believe that cool weather was the main influencer of this crop to date.
Cotton is squaring and finally looking like a crop that we don’t mind folks gawking at from the highway.

Insects have been odd. Flea beetles have been the highest we’ve seen in recent years, and sprays have been directed toward them in potatoes, and so far plant bugs have also been unusually numerous. We had some spots running 2x sweepnet threshold in 5 true leaf cotton.
Lord, let it rain.

Reporting from the South Delta is Billy Bryant, Greenwood
6/17/2016 – Cotton: Plant Bug numbers have been low thus far- just enough pressure to warrant a pin square treatment on most acreage. Some older cotton is ten days out from first spray and will take a few more days for more accumulation to justify a second treatment. Most corn has green silks and not seeing any pressure in adjacent cotton fields at this time. Expecting that to change next week as silks turn. Found high numbers of winged adults out from some early planted corn today up to 14 percent. Mepichlor going out on the deep sand now on cotton with long internodes. Laying off of mepichlor on most acreage now until we get a soaking rain or get closer to layby and the irrigations to follow. Square retention excellent.
Soybean: pest activity has been low as expected. No bollworm activity detected in my area on any crop. Older beans layed by and irrigation ongoing. Majority of acreage at R2. Will be making decisions regarding fungicide in two weeks. As of today seeing some Septoria in lower canopy of oldest beans- no frog eye has yet been observed. Recent gains in the soybean market has growers open minded about fungicide treatment if we see some reasonable profitability there.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Allen McKnight, Greenville
6/13/2016 – We’re still fighting pigweeds in several areas – a lot of areas didn’t get timely rains to activate pre-emerges. Where it was too wet to go by ground, we used Prefix by air on a lot of them. Everything else looks pretty good. Drilled beans are canopying quickly. Insects are beginning to show up a little. Rainfall amounts have varied – more widely than ever for this time of year – from .1/.2” up to 2/3” in narrow strips.

Reporting from the South Delta is Josh Westling, Flora
6/13/2016 – Cotton is looking better. Has anywhere from 5-8 nodes. Some pin head applications went out at the end last week and the rest will go out by the end of this week.
Early soybeans are anywhere from V6 to R3 and have had very little insect pressure so far. Main problem has been trying to kill weeds. Wheat beans are just emerging and some still being planted.
Corn is from early tassel to late blister. Had very little disease pressure and even less insect pressure so far.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
6/13/2016 – Scattered showers over the past several days have probably covered 75% of my area. Areas that were getting extremely critical for moisture got some really good rains. Some of these fields were corn fields that were in a big bind so these fields will not be great but will make something.
Cotton is really doing good with oldest cotton at 12th node and youngest at around 4th. A few treatments going out for tarnished plant bugs and cotton flea hoppers but nothing on a broad scale. Picking up brown stink bugs in sweep nets on 5th and 6th node cotton today. Aphids are present in some fields but haven’t gotten any worse in a week since finding them.
Peanuts are getting gypsum apps and latest planted peanuts are getting herbicide apps. Pre’s have done extremely well where rains activated. Oldest peanuts are pegging and getting close to lapping in some fields. No real issues in peanuts at the present time.
Corn is from pre tassel to dent. Beginning to pick up brown stink bugs in older corn but primarily on borders around wood lines. No disease pressure at the present or I haven’t found any yet.
Soybeans are from cracking to V-3. Three cornered alfalfa hoppers are extremely high in some fields but nothing has been treated yet. Herbicides going out trying to clean up fields. No other issues.

Report from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
6/14/2016 – Cotton- All is pretty quiet in cotton for now. Have found a few hot spots (historically hot) in the hills of plant bugs and taken them out of some April cotton. Other than that, the only plant bugs we’ve found have been around pigweeds in a field. Weed control for us has been a nightmare as I’m sure it has for everyone else. Some that know they have pigweed problems have been going back and applying another residual behind the “questionably activated” one, while others refuse to spend much money until we get some semblance of a rain. Got a little bit of 3 cornered alfalfa hopper damage, but the majority of that injury occurred while we were spraying thrips. Cotton ranges from 5th to 10th true leaf. Still a little bit of wheat cotton to be planted.
Soybeans- Picking up a tremendous amount of hoppers, but hoping the seed treatments will keep them at bay a little while longer. Kudzu bugs will be a problem in most of the area I work this year. All the kudzu patches are LOADED with them. Beans range from V2 to R3. There won’t be any wheat beans planted.
Corn- Corn is just a few days from taking it on the chin if we don’t get a rain. A few people got a few tenths this afternoon as I type this, and that’ll hold off disaster for a couple of days, but this corn needs a rain quick. All corn is tasseling at this point. We have now put out all our fertilizer and got it watered in. Zero disease at this point. SWCB have been a no-show.
Sweetpotatoes- A few guys are finished setting, but still a few have maybe a 1/3 left to go. Unfortunately, they’ve been cut off from getting slips for a little while, so they won’t finish any time soon. Our earliest slips have begun to lay down and run, and they’ll get the first plowing soon.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Jason Grafton, Madison
6/9/2016 – Cotton is looking good this week. We have the weather for sure. For the most part we got good rains where we needed it along with high temps. Most cotton is well past thrips. Have a few pinhead applications going out before the weekend with majority going out first of next week. Weeds continue to be the hot topic. We just thought ryegrass was a problem. Marestail and pigweed are the biggest challenges. When the weeds are a foot taller than the crop a nice pair of binoculars makes for easy scouting. Soybeans range from V2 – R2. Nothing much has been going on in beans other than same challenges with weeds.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
Cotton is from 4th – 11th node. Plant bugs are picking up, especially cotton flea hoppers. Numbers are at or above thresholds in several fields. Aphids are building in older cotton. Noticed some individual plants wrapped up today with a little honeydew forming. Cotton looks good at the moment – hoping for some rain this weekend.
Peanuts are from 20 days to 46 days old. Most fields are relatively clean. Later planted peanuts are getting herbicides and older peanuts got fungicide this week. No insect problems in peanuts at the present.
Corn is at blister with latest corn and 5 collars. Rains this past weekend gave growers a little break from irrigation.
Soybeans are primarily at V-2. Lots of three corners alfalfa hoppers around. No treatments yet but will be accessing fields tomorrow to make decisions.

Reporting from the North Delta is Bill Pellum, Clarksdale
6/11/2016 – There are a lot of pigweeds in a lot of fields. Overlapping residuals does not work if it does not rain. There are also not enough good options even with the rains for these row crops that take so long to canopy. We have some severely stunted cotton in some of these sand blasted fields especially were Reflex was applied behind the planter. Thrips have been bad, but plant bugs have been much lighter than normal. Our older corn and rice is mid-season and receiving fertilize. Wheat is being cut with yields in the 70’s, which is not bad considering all the drowned out acres in these fields.

A photo from Jason Grafton, Madison, “This is what happens when you don’t kill pigweed before you knock row down.”


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