Food safety workshops set for produce growers

JACKSON – Fruit and vegetable growers can learn techniques to make their produce safer for the consumer during one of two upcoming Mississippi State University workshops.
Specialists with the MSU Extension Service and the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station will conduct four separate workshops across the state on developing and implementing good agricultural practices and good handling practices.
The voluntary guidelines, referred to as GAPs and GHPs, were issued by the Food and Drug Administration in 1998 to help growers eliminate food safety hazards that can occur during growing, harvesting, cleaning, washing, sorting, packing and transporting unprocessed foods, such as raw fruits and vegetables.
“More distributors are becoming aware that preventing and controlling the contamination of fresh produce at the farm is key to producing wholesome, healthy products,” said Barakat Mahmoud, an assistant research and Extension professor of food science at MSU. “By completing GAP and GHP certification, producers can assure government regulators and customers worldwide that the produce industry in Mississippi is diligent in its commitment to producing safe, high-quality products.”
The following workshops are scheduled:
• Feb. 17 at MSU’s Bost Auditorium, 190 Bost, Starkville campus; and
• March 11 at the Coastal Research and Extension Center, 1815 Popps Ferry Rd., Biloxi.
All workshops will begin at 8 a.m. and end at 5 p.m.
Topics include site selection and soil; agricultural water; fertilizer and pesticide use; animal exclusion; worker health and hygiene; produce cleaning and water treatment; packing and storage; traceability; harvesting; cooling; transportation; and U.S. Department of Agriculture audit verification checklist.
Registration is free and open to all Mississippi fruit and vegetable growers who sell to the fresh market. Seating at each location is limited to the first 25 participants to preregister. A pre- and post-test will be given. Those completing the course will receive a certificate of completion. Lunch and refreshments will be provided.
To preregister or for more information, contact Mahmoud at 228-762-7783, ext. 301, or bmahmoud@ext.msstate.edu.
The workshop is funded by the USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture through the Southern Risk Management Education Center. Instructors are MSU Extension and research professors Mahmoud, Christine Coker, Eric Stafne and Gary Bachman, and Alcorn State University food safety specialist Nicole Bell.
The MSU workshops are free, but farmers must pay for each independent audit of their farms. Mississippi farmers who successfully pass the certification class can apply for a cost-share program through the Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce to help cover the cost of the initial audit. For more information about this program, contact Michael Lasseter at 601-359-1120 or michaell@mdac.ms.gov.

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41st MACA Annual Conference to be held February 4 – 5, 2014

The Forty-First Annual Conference of the Mississippi Agricultural Consultants Association will be held February 4–5, 2014 at the Bost Extension Center on the campus of Mississippi State University. Program agenda includes presentations from extension and research personnel and product updates from over 20 agricultural industry companies. Topics include insect management, agronomic and variety updates for cotton, corn, soybeans and rice, soil fertility issues in row crops, peanut agronomics and diseases, crop pest threshold changes for 2014, new weed control technology, status of resistant weeds in the Mid-south and irrigation management and research. Cost of the two day meeting, including lunches, is $55.00 if registered before January 28, 2014 or $70.00 at the door. CCA CEU’s available and recertification of consultants’ licenses. Contact Carol Bullard at carol.m.bullard@gmail.com or 662-561-2348 for more information.

Pre-registration form, program agenda and hotel information below:

MACA Pre-Reg. Form – Affiliates

MACA 41st Annual Conference Tenative Program

Hotel Information for 2014 Annual Conference – website

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January 15-16, 2014 – 17th Annual National Conservation Systems Cotton and Rice Conference, Southern Corn and Soybean Conference and Southern Precision Ag Conference – Tunica, Miss.

Jan. 15-16: 17th Annual National Conservation Systems Cotton and Rice Conference, Southern Corn and Soybean Conference and Southern Precision Ag Conference, Harrah’s-Tunica Convention Center in Tunica, Miss. The conference will include presentations on cotton, rice, corn and soybean production systems by more than 100 speakers including university researchers, farmers and crop consultants. Breakout sessions will provide farmers information on how to improve production methods. Corporate sponsors of the event are Cotton Incorporated, the U.S. Rice Producers Association, the United Soybean Board and MidAmerica Farm Publications. Universities sponsoring the event are University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture, Auburn University, the Louisiana State University AgCenter, Mississippi State University, the University of Missouri, the University of Tennessee and Texas A&M University. Technical co-sponsors are the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and the USDA Agricultural Research Service centers in Oxford, Miss., and Auburn, Ala.

Information on conference registration is available at http://www.mafg.net.

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Joint MEA/MAPPAN/MWSS Annual Meeting and Roundtable Discussion – October 21-22, 2014

By Jeff Gore, Research Entomologist, on October 16th, 2013

The 3rd annual joint MEA/MAPPAN/MWSS annual meeting will be held next week, Monday and Tuesday October 21-22, at the Bost Extension Center on the Mississippi State University campus. We have a very informative and exciting program planned for the meeting. The meeting will kick off Monday afternoon with a Row Crop Roundtable to openly discuss critical insect, disease, and weed issues impacting the production of agronomic crops in Mississippi. Also on Monday afternoon will include a special Lygus Symposium to honor the long and prosperous career of Dr. Gordon Snodgrass. Monday evening will include an industry sponsored steak supper and social. Tuesday morning will kick off with the MEA student competitions and the MAPPAN general session. I encourage everyone to attend this years meeting. The Program is attached below.

http://www.mississippi-crops.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/2013-Program-Final.pdf

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Herbert Jones, Leland
9/9/2013 – “The fat lady is walking up to the microphone and clearing her throat.” Cotton is over with except some late planted. We’ve defoliated a little bit using ethephon and Dropp. Stink bugs are increasing in late beans and green spots. I’ll let everything go at the end of next week except the wheat beans. Corn yields are in the 230 bu./a range, dry land beans 25-35 and irrigated beans in the 70’s.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
9/10/2013 – Cotton is really starting to open this week. Dry, hot weather has made it give up the ghost. Wheat cotton is shedding a lot of the top crop and will probably have its first open boll in 2 weeks. A little more defoliation will take place at the end of this week but the bulk of defoliation will be the middle of next week. I have a few fields that I will protect from stink bugs for another 10 days.
Peanuts are really showing stress from being dry. Some fields are probably 14 days away from digging but will probably have to have a rain before we can dig. Late leaf spot is showing up in some fields and could possibly make us dig a few fields a little early. Dry weather has slowed up white mold. Youngest peanuts are 88 days old and will need another rain or two.
About 30% of soybeans are beginning to turn, the rest range from R5 to R6. Late planted beans are in bad need of a rain. Insects are still relatively light. Stink bugs are picking up and seeing a few small loopers but nothing at threshold. Some fields need a rain before we spend any money on them.
One grower has 500 acres of corn to harvest and it will be another 2 weeks before it is ready to cut.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
9/10/2013 – Cotton: Have finished insect control measures on all cotton. Sprayed about 50 acres of very late cotton yesterday and will water it one more time. Looks like we will have a very good cotton crop. The crop is late and most defoliation will be two weeks away.
Insect pressure for the year was about normal for our area. We had a little more trouble with spider mites this year, and a little easier time with lygus. Boll worms were also less of a problem, but were still present especially late season when insecticide apps were terminated. Pigweed control was made easier this year as most farmers applied pre-emergent herbicides and planted Liberty cotton in the bad areas. Our main problem is the cost of inputs to control the insects and weeds in the cotton crop.
Soybeans: Have finished insect control measures on most of the soybeans. Still have several thousand acres of wheat beans that could possibly have issues with loopers, but they are fast approaching the safe age or maturity. Harvest has started with yields very good. Dry- land cutting 50 bu. and irrigated in the mid 70′s. Overall insect pressure was very light. Only a few areas had bollworm problems which was much lighter than last year. Frogeye leaf spot was much more widespread than ever before, but came in late enough that we won’t see any yield loss. i am still concerned since all our beans received fungicides at R 3, and still had frogeye. Still watering some group 5′s, and they look very good.
Corn: About 70 % harvested. Yields are much better than I thought possible with all the issues we had early with stands and green snap. Most farmers reporting well over 200 bu. averages. Had some dry land corn at Como Ms. cut 213 bu.
Milo: Starting to cut milo. Early yields are good 112 bu. on dry land and 130 on irrigated. Will be applying Roundup on remaining acres this week.
Peanuts: Peanuts at 110 days. Have finished irrigation. Insect pressure was very low. Did not spray anything in the peanuts. Weed control was more complicated this year. I don’t think the limb crop is as good as last years.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
9/12/2013 – Dry weather is taking its toll on all crops behind wheat. Wheat cotton is really wilted and has shed a lot of fruit in the last week. A little cotton has been picked on the west side of my area and yields are turning out excellent. More cotton has been defoliated this week but the bulk will be next week. Earliest plant cotton looks really good and is getting the heat units it needs. We are really torn as we always are this time of the year with this rainfall thing.
Peanuts are really stressed in most fields and the really hot spots are drying down in the hull. Spider mites and late leaf spot are exploding. Some fields got some rain and we will watch the spider mites close but some fields are getting treatments now. We will probably begin digging some of our oldest peanuts at the end of next week if ground isn’t too hard to dig.
Later planted soybeans needed a good rain last week. They have really been hurt with this 3 week dry spell and hot weather. Stink bugs and a few isolated fields of loopers are primary pest. Most are well below threshold and will be watched to see if treatments are needed.

Reporting from the North Delta is Justin George, Merigold
9/16/2013 – Rice: Bolivar Co rice harvest is wrapping up, while north Delta harvest is just beginning. Good yields, but Hybrid is not shining compared to other varieties. The one thing about this crop is that we have had very little lodging. Farmers are liking that.
Beans: Group 4′s are being cut and have had really outstanding yields. Small farmers averaging 80+ per field, and they can’t believe it. I rode the combine while cutting what we had pushed as “contest quality” beans from the beginning. Young farmer that wanted to see just how well they could do following corn, additional Potash, twin row, good variety, aggressive irrigation, fungicide, Dimilin, two shots of insecticide (sub threshold insects both times, but developing populations)…. Set yield monitor had no trouble staying above 100. Highest yields I may ever see, but really want it to be repeatable.
Corn: Solid high corn yields. Going to be a hard crop to follow If yields go to a normally good 180 bushel next year. Ugly stands are cutting 180 this year.
Milo: all maturing, some ready to cut.
Everyone seems to be uncertain as to what they will be planting where next year. Sounding like a little less corn, if they can’t get $5.50 +, but the pencil may show them that $5 corn at 200 bushel is better than our typical 55 bushel bean at $13. We’ll have some good beans behind all this corn, and they still like growing/cutting corn in the end. It sounds like rice acreage will bounce back up so long as its $1 plus above corn prices.

Tucker Miller, Drew, sent this photo of a bollworm on a top boll after insecticides were terminated. (click on image to enlarge)

Bollworm in boll - Miller - 9-13

Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg, sent in the bottom two photos: 1) late leaf spot on peanuts 2) late leaf spot spores on underside of leaf (click image to enlarge).

Late leaf spot on peanuts - Bullock

Late leaf spot spores - Bullock - 9-13

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from East Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
9/4/2013 – We got that million dollar rain. On Sunday and early Monday our entire area got from 1.2 to 2.1 inches of rain – a slow soaking rain. This rain came at a very critical time on our wheat beans and top cotton crop. Our area had gotten very dry and last week was our hottest temperatures of the summer.
Corn harvest has started on dry land – no irrigated fields harvested yet. Dry land yields so far are from 85 to 140 bushels per acre. As a whole the dry land corn will average well over a hundred bushels per acre. We plan to cut our first beans on Friday Sept. 6 and they look very good. All our early beans will yield well and with this rain our wheat beans are very promising. They are mostly in the R4 to R 5 stage. Our early cotton is opening fast and looks like we will start some defoliation the week of Sept. 16. Most of our older cotton is a fairly good crop – maybe in the 800 lb. range. With this rain our later cotton will pick over two bales and our irrigated cotton looks super. No insect pressure in cotton or beans at present. We are finding a few stinkbugs and a few fields of beans with loopers but so far no spraying planned for this week.

Reporting form the South Delta is Lauren Green, Greenwood
9/5/2013 – Corn Harvest is still ongoing with exceptional yields. Soybean harvest has started on limited fields that should pick up next week. Insect pressure in soybeans is on a field by field basis. Spraying for loopers and few stinkbugs, otherwise pressure is overall low.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
9/6/2013 – Older cotton is pretty much finished and looks really good. Wheat cotton is hurting due to dry weather. Insects are still extremely light.
Corn is 70% harvested and the remaining corn is 3 weeks away from being harvested. Corn yields have been good.
Soybeans are maturing rapidly and still the only insect we are dealing with is stink bugs. Wheat beans need a rain in a bad way and none in the forecast for the next 10 days.
Peanuts are looking like they will be harvested a little early. Some fields will be dug around 130 days, I think. I will begin assessing some fields Monday.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Bert Falkner, West Point
9/6/2013 – Cotton is from NAWF 0-4. I’ve cut lose 40% of my cotton from insect scouting. We’ll start making some defoliation decisions next week. We’re through watering and insect pressure remains low – just spraying some stink bugs here and there. Overall, I believe our cotton crop is good but not a yield buster.
Soybeans are at R5 – R7, with fungicides out in all fields and watering terminated on the oldest beans. Monday’s rain really helped the dry land beans. Sprayed loopers in some places. Overall our crop is good but not like last year. Corn yields in Noxubee county, non-irrigated, averaging 150 bu./a and further north around 130 bu./a. Yields in Monroe county yields are much better than 2012.
Sweet potato digging has started. Peanuts are pushing 115 days and may need 1 more white mold treatment before it’s over.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Jeff North, Madison
9/2/2013 – Late season insects in soybeans are making a run at us. The whole Lepidoptera complex and lots of green stinkbugs and red banded stinkbugs. Not so many brown stinkbugs at this time. Tank mixing Lep insecticides with acephate. Control with all mixtures is phenomenal. Concerned that we may have run out of water a little early this year. Lots of acres of beans last year in the 60 bushel per acre range. May be tough to do that this year, but with the mild temperatures we have had this year, who knows! Dry land corn is as good as I have ever seen. Maybe soybeans will hold up also. Recent market prices on the upside and this has stimulated some interest in selling this year’s crop. If market prices hold even somewhat and yields go along with it, we should be able to do it again next year. It will be very interesting to see how variety trials do with both corn and soybeans. It’s kind of sad not to even mention cotton or talk about yields and varieties these days, but that’s where we are with production agriculture today. The only thing that remains the same is that nothing remains the same.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
9/3/2013 – Insects still remain light and dry weather still persists. Older cotton is getting just what it needs but wheat cotton needs a rain. No rain for the past 14 days is really taking a toll on the later planted cotton. Aphids are building in some fields but haven’t reached treatable levels. A few more fields were defoliated Labor Day and a few more will be defoliated at the end of this week.
Peanuts are extremely dry and beginning to really show it. Growers have spot sprayed a few fields for spider mites. Worms are almost nonexistent. White mold is still taking its toll in certain fields but can be found at some level in all fields. We don’t want a lot of rain but 3/4″ would be great within the next week.
Soybeans are really stressing as well and later planted fields need a rain soon. All fields that have irrigation are being watered. Insects are really light for this time of year in late beans. I hope everyone had a great Labor Day weekend.

Reporting from the North Delta is Jim Arrington, Senatobia
9/3/2013 – Cotton – beginning to terminate insecticide treatments on oldest cotton. Younger cotton still finding some treatable plant bug numbers along with a scattered bollworm. Combination of pyrethroid/acephate seems to be working well.
Soybeans – treating mostly stink bugs in older beans. A few fields being treated for bollworms, mostly in furrow irrigated fields.
Corn – harvest will start end of this week or by first of next week
Peanuts – hopefully last fungicide has gone out with maybe exception of a couple of late planted fields.
Crops look good overall. Fingers crossed! Thankful to have another crop almost in the books.

Reporting from the North Delta is Stoney Stonestreet, Clarksdale
9/3/13 – We got a rain yesterday in most areas – anywhere from ½ to 2”. Most cotton is terminated and a few fields will be done this week. Corn harvest underway with yields ranging from 215 up to 280 bu./a.
Soybeans range from R4 – R7. Bean leaf beetles are heavy in areas and some podworms are still treated in younger beans.

Tucker Miller, Drew, sent this photo of late season leaf spot in cotton. (click on image to enlarge)

Late season leaf spot in cotton - Miller, 9-13

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Allen McKnight, Greenville
8/29/2013 – Harvest has started in several crops now. Yields have been up and down but for the most part, yields have been very good. Most people have just finished up with corn and are working on getting soybeans ready for chlorate. A few spots burned up but several are cutting very good. Weather is pretty and everyone is anxious to get started. Dry land soybeans have deteriorated rapidly the last 10-12 days, while others are looking better and better as leaves are shed.
Rice harvest has also started and yields are very good. Most will have to go back and cut levees later. Waiting on trucks is a common problem but we are fortunate to be able to do that. Rumors are being tossed around about more rice in 2014. I don’t see anything in the market to cause that to happen and if it doesn’t, there will be more corn and soybeans next year.

Reporting from east Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
8/29/2013 – All of our crops are late. I told one of my growers this morning that I think we see the light at the end of the tunnel with his cotton crop; to which he replied “I hope it’s not a train”. I am all for avoiding train wrecks. We have our final plant bug shot on this crop (we certainly hope).
We finally finished treating our beans with multiple a.i. fungicides, and now Loopers are hitting us hard in a few areas. We’re going to ride them a few days and see how drawn out the egg lay is going to be. hopefully not long.
This sweet potato crop looks really promising; we just need to start getting them out of the field. Harvest is a PAINFULLY slow process, and we must protect the crop until it leaves the field. We’ll probably have to take Thanksgiving Day off from scouting to go home and eat a few.

Reporting from the South Delta is David Hankins, Rolling Fork
8/29/2013 – Corn harvest is wide open. Hearing of some beans being cut. Yields of both have been good. Sprayed my late planted high water beans for boll worms last week.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/30/2013 – Insects are still light across all crops. Cotton, cotton with exception of wheat cotton is just about done. Dry weather for the last 10 days has finally shut it down and next few hot days should finish it out. A few fields could have used one more rain but for the most part it’s gonna be an excellent cotton crop. Wheat cotton still has a while to go and really needs one more good rain. Insects are extremely light in cotton. Defoliation that went out last Monday is looking good and leaves are dropping quickly.
Soybeans range from R5-R7. Stink bugs are probably biggest pest. Worms are extremely light. Low populations of soybean and cabbage loopers in most fields. Velvet bean caterpillar moths are beginning to show up and are in really high numbers in some fields yesterday.
Peanuts have finally dried out and have gone from one extreme to another. Most fields could use a shower. Spider mites are being spot sprayed in a few areas and white mold is as bad as I have ever seen it. As I have said before, the problem areas are mainly where rotation was pushed. Fields that have a 3 year rotation are in great shape.
Corn harvest is winding down in most of my area. Applying last irrigation on latest corn this week. Late corn looks as good or better than early planted corn.

Reporting from the South Delta is Bruce Pittman, Coila
8/30/2013 – After this watering cycle is complete we will be finished irrigation cotton on most acres. We’re keeping plant bugs in the top of the plant and getting a good 10 days out of a pyrethroid plus acephate application. One more application will probably be the last one in cotton. Spider mites are in spots but we won’t treat them.
Soybeans range from cutting to sweeping for bollworms/loopers. The majority of the beans I check are older beans and are not being treated for worms this late. These beans have potential for good yields.
Corn harvest is full swing and over 50% complete. This “cool” summer made up for the less than desirable stands we kept and corn is as good, if not better, than last year.
We’ve treated for white mold in peanuts but have not had a rain to wash the material in. No leaf spot or insect concerns.

Tucker Miller, Drew, sent the photos below of 1) stink bug damage to cotton boll and 2) stink bug nymphs in soybeans

Stink bug damage in cotton - Miller, 8-13

stink bug nymphs - Miller, 8'13

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Ed Whatley, Clarksdale
8/26/2013 – Cotton- plant bug pressure has been lighter for the past couple of weeks, but picked up a little at the end of last week. Will make last insect application on most cotton this week.
Soybeans- have made 1 worm application to all young beans and will make second worm application this week in some fields. Bean leaf beetles have been very heavy in the Shelby area, ok in other areas. Have had to spray stink bugs in a few fields, but overall have been light.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
8/26/13 – Cotton- As of now we are counting DD60′s on all cotton and trying to make an early determination what might go in the picker and what probably won’t. We feel like we’ve got at least another 10 days to 2 weeks to protect this cotton. Crop looks good to excellent, with very little in the poor range. Seeing mites popping up in a good many areas lately, we probably flared some of them last week spraying plant/stink bugs, and the dry weather hasn’t helped any. Most bugs seem to have subsided for now. Tagged a bunch of August 18th blooms last week, and about 90% of them stuck. Just don’t know if we’ll have time to mature them and get them in the picker. We should begin defoliation on our earliest, most burned up cotton, around the 15th of September. We’ve got a blue ton that won’t be defoliated until October.
Soybeans- We are slowly making our way back through some of our oldest beans with a cleanup shot. ALL fields are getting BLB pressure, both in the hills and in the delta. There is also a pretty heavy lean to brown stink bugs, which our pyrethroid probably left earlier in the year. We are having success controlling these, but are having to use tank mixes of pyrethroids or Leverage along with acephate to do it. No looper pressure yet. FLS has become a major player, and we will make an R5 fungicide shot on a number of later beans that have little to no resistance.
Corn- We are done. None has been cut yet, but moisture is running from 19% to 23% as of 8/26/13, so we should see some combines in the field by the weekend or Monday.
Sweet potatoes- Most are pretty clean for now. We’re still spraying a few fields for flea beetles, and pulling up weeds where necessary. Beginning to see some size in our earliest set fields. I’ve already dug some of the best potatoes I’ve ever seen in some fields, and some terrible looking ones just right down the road.
Peanuts- We are seeing white mold showing up pretty good now. We should hit 90 days on our earliest peanuts within the next week, and will make another white mold app. All of our peanuts are either behind peanuts or behind sweet potatoes, which we learned last year is just as bad, if not worse. Peanuts are pegging good, but another rain sure would help them get in the ground. As of now, we are trying to avoid having to spray insects for fear of flaring mites.
Milo- We’ve had no problem finding threshold numbers of headworms, and in some cases 2-3x. Sprayed very little for midge this year. Oldest is fully mature, and should be cut soon. The youngest was behind wheat and is just pushing out a head.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
Rainfall since last Thursday has been very isolated. It now seems to only rain where the combine is parked. A little defoliation started yesterday on some early planted cotton that actually survived the 33 degree weather and all the early rain. Insect pressure is relatively low in cotton. Wheat cotton still has a long way to go but less rain and higher temps are hopefully going to push it in the right direction. Most of the rest of cotton will be terminated for insecticides in another week.
White mold is really starting to show itself in most peanut fields this week. Also I have several fields with spider mites showing up in small spots. Will probably have to treat a couple of these fields if we don’t get any rain.
Corn harvest is probably at 50%. Corn yields are still holding up pretty good, but corn will not dry down. Moisture won’t seem to go below 18.5%.
Spraying grain sorghum fields this week for web worms and fall army worms.
Insects are still fairly light in soybeans with exception of stink bugs in a few fields. Where we have sprayed for stink bugs in the last week or two, fields are still clean.

Reporting from the South Delta is Jason Grafton, Madison
It’s been a long summer. As this crop went in the ground I remember many concerns. Mostly yield potential and how far behind the crop would be. We still have a little ways to go but it appears all crops have good potential.
Corn harvest is in full swing and reports are that yields are good to great. The cotton crop has changed a lot to me in the last week. Insect pressure is down but still treating a few fields for plant bugs and spider mites. Finally seeing some open cotton! Beans are starting to turn a little. We cleaned up a lot of loopers and stinkbugs last week. The bean crop, as well, looks like a good crop. Peanuts are 90 to 105 days old. We have stuck to fungicide schedule every 2-3 weeks. No insect issues so far.

Tucker Miller, Drew, sent in these photos; (1) parasitized bollworm in peanuts; (2) bollworm in white bloom of Bt cotton. (click images to enlarge)

Parasetized bollworm in peanuts - Miller

bollworm in Bt cotton - Miller

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Kevin Corban, Rolling Fork
8/22/13 – It’s pretty quiet in the cotton fields right now. We sprayed most of our cotton last week for plant bugs and bollworms. We also had to spray some for spider mites but we’ve got these under control for now. A few fields have bloomed out and shouldn’t have any more insect problems. We’ve had adequate but not excessive rains on the cotton all year, looks like an average to above average crop. About 30 to 40 % of corn has been harvested, yields so far have been very good.
In soybeans, we’ve been spraying some fields for stink bugs, but nothing widespread. A few fields of beans planted behind backwater were sprayed this week for bollworms and bean leaf beetles; I expect more bean leaf beetles next week.

Reporting from the North Delta is Bob Stonestreet, Clarksdale
8/22/13 – Cotton anywhere from 1st open bolls to NAWF6. Plant bugs, spider mites and Pix have been pretty much the name of the game through July and August. Plant bugs counts have been lower the past week.
Soybeans anywhere from V6 through R6; bean leaf beetles picking up a good bit in some areas; Pyrethroid plus Acephate has been our best and most consistent treatment; pod worms numbers have not been as high as in past years; but are still keeping us busy in our later beans.
Corn harvest began first of this week with some very good yields being reported.
Milo crop ranges from flower to 80% blacklayer.
But overall, I’m ready for hunting season and some R & R.

Reporting from the South Delta is Donny Adams, Greenville
8/23/13 – Cotton is from 0 to 5 NAWF. We still have some aphids hanging around – it seems the fungus hasn’t completely taken them out this year like in years past. Spider mites are lingering on in certain places, too. Overall, insect pressure has been light. Plant bugs coming out of corn were controlled with a tank mix of bifenthrin and Orthene. We were not happy with the 1 ½ oz. rate of Transform on plant bugs. We’ll water cotton 1 more time.
Soybeans are from R3 to R7. We are a good 3 weeks behind. BLB have been treated in places. Probably 1 – 2 more waterings on beans. Corn yields are about average.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/23/13 – Older cotton is basically done. Have a few fields that will be defoliated the 1st of next week. Wheat cotton has got a long way to go and these rainy, cloudy days for the last 2 weeks haven’t helped speed the crop up. We have had sunshine for the last three days but highs have only been in the high 80s. The west side of area has had some big rains the last 3 days, but that area was fairly dry. Rain helped some peanuts and beans.
Soybeans are still kind of quiet. Diseases are present and fungicides are being applied to beans as they reach R3-4.
Peanuts are from 75-110 DAP. White mold is still taking its toll on a few fields. Fungicide schedule is being tightened up a little due to all of the rain and the fact that some growers have not been able to spray on time in some fields.
Growers have had a pretty good week cutting corn. Ruts are being cut in a lot of fields, but they are getting corn out. Yield is a little off but corn is still good. Late planted corn will be at black layer middle of next week. Yield potential looks pretty good.

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