Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Billy Price, Charleston
8/21/2016 – Cotton opening fast, but a lot of rain and boll rot showing up. We are from three nodes to cut out, if we can pick this crop it will be a bumper. This week will wind up a good many acres of cotton. A lot of Besiege applied to BT cotton and will continue to do this in the future.
Corn is ready for harvest but waiting for ground to hold up and other fields to dry down, 90% at or past black layer.
Spraying peanuts for bollworms, army worms and hopefully last shot for white mold.
Soybeans are from R/4 to harvest aides already applied, nothing harvested yet, need dry weather soon!!

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
8/22/2016 – Cotton- We are in the process of terminating most fields from insecticides. Most will be done by the end of this week. Still a few fields with plant bug pressure in some small bolls that we feel like we can pick for a variety of reasons, but most is beyond that point. Bollworm pressure fell off from last week to almost nothing. Most fields have very few blooms left. Still seeing scattered fall armyworms, treated about 200 isolated acres for them today. Seeing some pockets of spider mites crash, while others seem to be thriving, even during this rainy weather. All in all, I’ve been pretty satisfied with the job the pyrethroids did on bollworms. Had to cleanup a handful of fields that had too many escapes. I also took some boll damage from diamide applications as well, so nothing is bulletproof. Crop is very good, but some of the earlier fields are going backwards fast if the rains don’t move out.
Soybeans- Very few beans have been desiccated none have been cut. Most are mid to late R5. Started picking up thresholds of loopers everywhere last week, and we’ve been trying to get something on them in most cases. Went ahead and pulled the trigger last week even though most larvae were small, mainly due to inclement weather, and to give growers ample time to get insecticides out. Some very early beans we have look horrible, maybe cut 30 bushels of shriveled up BB’s. Just didn’t have any moisture when they needed it. But all in all, the rest of the bean crop looks great.
Corn- No corn cut yet, but will begin cutting samples as soon as the weather clears.
Milo- We are basically waiting on the weather to clear to apply Roundup. We have not sprayed ANY aphids so far, and only one 40 acre field that has a large variety trial in it will receive Transform at desiccation, as a few of the varieties are getting heavy aphid pressure. Milo crop looks great.
Sweet Potatoes- Every row has been sprayed in the last 7 to 10 days for a combination of caterpillars. Flea beetle pressure seems to have subsided. Considering the rains we’ve had, the potato crop looks fantastic under there, it just needs to size up. We’ll probably do some sample digging by the end of the month.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/22/2016 – I will turn all cotton fields loose after this week with exception of 50 acres that was planted extremely late. Most fields are far enough along now that no other insecticide treatments will be recommended. Treating a few fields for stink bugs this week and that should wrap those up. Boll rot is evident in all fields I looked at today. Hopefully we can get a week of dry weather.
Peanuts are still in pretty good shape. Oldest Peanut field is 123 DAP today and looks like will only go another 10 days. A lot of 115 day old peanut fields today look 3 weeks away max. I will blast peanuts this Thursday to try to narrow that down but it looks to me like peanuts are definitely going to be early.
Loopers are beginning to build in soybean fields but not many fields at threshold yet. Beans are from 4.5 to 6.5. Rains have hit most soybeans just about right but aerial web blight has been rampant. Most fields have had a fungicide treatment. Very little corn harvested due to rains and high moisture.

Reporting from the North Delta is Joseph Dean, Cleveland
8/23/16 – All areas I check are full wet. We’ve had plenty of rain and need a break.
Cotton is bolled up to the top and is safe from insects. It was planted in April and has been trying to open up over the last 7-10 days. Every boll that has cracked has rotted or hard locked. We set an excellent load on the bottom 2/3 of the plant and had good yield potential. Hopefully the weather will clear and we will still be able to make a decent crop.
All of the corn I check is past black layer. Very little has been harvested as of today. Most people were planning on starting Monday but the unexpected rain delayed them again.
Beans range from early R5 to R7. Harvest aid is scheduled to go on some beans planted the first week of April when weather permits. These beans will have some quality issues. I am spraying loopers and stink bugs in places. Bean leaf beetles are building in north Bolivar County but are not doing enough damage to justify treatment.
I am draining more rice every week. Stinkbugs are at threshold in some of the May planted rice and are requiring treatment.
My first planted Milo has been sprayed with harvest aid and harvest started on it today. Last planted Milo should be ready for harvest aid next week. Sugar cane aphids have not been bad this year.

Reporting from the South Delta is Dee Boykin, Yazoo City
8/24/2016 – Corn – The corn crop is made and in the field waiting to be harvested. We haven’t harvested enough to get a handle on yield, but nothing has been horrible.
Cotton – The cotton crop still looks very good but we’re beginning to find more boll rot than we’d like to see. At this point, when questioned by growers and delivering the bad news, the response is “Well, I’ve rarely seen a good cotton crop without some boll rot”. We have set a heavy load of small bolls in the top in most fields, so hopefully the sun will come out and this will be the case again. We’re still “cleaning up” a few plant bugs to protect that top crop, but attempting to terminate insecticide applications. I think every field of cotton that we scout received one treatment of diamide and pyrethroid for bollworms this year. This was partially due to the lower than normal number of plant bug control applications in July. The latest problem is Leaf Spot in some areas that is causing shed of foliage in many fields as well as fruit shed in some. Here again, sunshine is the only remedy.
Soybeans – About half of our soybeans were planted after May 10th and they have enjoyed a very favorable growing season. Our earliest fields are close to ready for harvest and have some damage from excessive moisture. We opted out on the “seed quality” fungicide application on them and that was a mistake this year.
We had a flush of earworms, followed by loopers in late July and early August but they’ve slacked off lately. Stink bugs have built up in some fields and Bean Leaf Beetles have been spotted but hard to control where we’ve had to make an insecticide application. The majority of the soybeans are just reaching R6.5 or farther in maturity so things are beginning to wind down.

Reporting from the South Delta is Bryan Boyd, Edwards
8/24/2016 – Cotton- 2-5 nawf. Target spot is getting worse by the day. I am spraying some for plant bugs and bollworms this week.
Soybeans range from R5-R7. We are spraying loopers and stink bugs in a lot this week.
Peanuts are 98-110 days old and they look really good. Have some southern blight in spots but not horrible.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from East Mississippi is Bert Falkner, West Point
8/18/2016 – I’ll let 15-20% cotton acres loose after this week and will be thinking about defoliation around the 1st of Sept. The rest of my acres are from 0-6 NAFW – finished applying pix last week. We’re very disappointed in all of the Bt varieties this year. Lots of worm break through and had to be cleaned up with Prevathon and or those types of materials. Still treating for plant bugs and falls and bollworms in blooms in the latest planted cotton.
All of my cotton acres have had plenty of rain in the last several weeks and cloudy weather – now we need sunshine. All of this moisture is going to bools so that will help. Overall, this crop is okay but not a bumper because of the shed lately. Time will tell.
Dryland corn harvest has started with moisture at 16 – 20% some farmers are drying it down – some are not. Yields on dryland ranges from 100 – 140 Bu./a.
Soybeans are R5 to R6. Insects overall are still pretty low. Beans that were treated with a fungicide and insecticide earlier are still holding. Loopers and green clover worms are building in places. Sprayed small acreage for bean leaf beetle. Disease pressure not heavy and only scattered about.
Peanuts are 85-105 days old. We have learned what LEAF SPOT IS this year, which we consider is weather related. Have 2 applications of fungicides for soil diseases out and will probably have a third one soon. Will be checking this crop for at least another 30 days.
Treated all sweet potatoes for worms 1 or 2 times. After plenty of rain, we have lots of vine growth. As it dries up potatoes will begin to swell. We’ll dig some later this month to check for size.

Reporting from the South Delta is Herbert Jones, Leland
8/18/2016 – Been checking in mud for the fourth week – getting old for an old man! Have some cotton varieties where target spot has defoliated the bottom half of the plants. In my forty years of scouting, this is the worst I have seen. Never worried about yield loss but this year I feel that some yield loss will occur. Like most everybody, I’m debating what to spray and what to let go. Will treat my middle and late planted cotton once more with something for plant bugs and worms and let early planted cotton slide.
Sprayed some G5 soybeans this week with Belt and Orthene. G4’s have been or will soon be terminated.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
8/18/2016 – Cotton – we will be making our last insecticide application to about half of our cotton on Monday after all threat of rain is gone. Applications made last week and early this week have all been washed off. Plant bug nymphs are running around 30 % in white blooms, with around 20-30% eggs. Have terminated sprays on about half of our cotton. Have seen copious amounts of target spot in the cotton this year. More than any other year. Also have seen more worms surviving in Bollgard II than ever before. Is it due to dry weather and toxin expression is reduced, or resistance to the Bt toxin, or due to the heavy egg pressure this year? I don’t know, but I will be using more Prevathon next year for sure. Also seeing lots of boll rot. We need the rain to stop!!
Soybeans – we are trying to race the insects to the finish line. Have sprayed loopers with Intrepid and adding acephate for bugs. Seeing Tap Root Decline in spots, not much frogeye except for a few susceptible varieties. Have some late beans at R-4 and will keep watching. Have applied harvest aid to some early beans. No harvest as of yet.
Corn – harvest is underway. Irrigated yields around 200 bu/a. Dry land 145 bu/a. Need dry weather. I have heard of aflatoxin issues. Have seen clouds above the corn and assume these are spores moving in the wind. I know it is not dust.
Milo – 2/3 of the head is at black layer, waiting on the bottom 1/3. No insect pressure at this time. Need clear weather. Don’t want a repeat of 2009 when seed sprouted in the head.
Peanuts — At day 108, had to spray heavy bollworms, and armyworms last week. Will put out another fungicide around day 120 if not before.
Vegetables – have resistance to the diamide class of chemistry with the Diamond back worm. Can’t control him now.

Reporting from the South Delta is Haley Easley, Greenwood
8/19/2016 – Recent rains have kept combines parked. Very little corn has been cut. Thankfully most of my cotton was planted mid to late May and has not started opening but still seeing some boll rot from heavy rains. Cotton insect pressure remains light. Mostly plant bug nymphs in top with some bollworms. Haven’t had an insecticide app without getting a rain the same day in 3 weeks but still not heavy pressure from plant bugs.
R5.5 beans have loopers but trying to hold off spraying long as possible. Hopefully beans will start to mature before too much defoliation on most places.
White mold is coming fast in peanuts that are 100 DAP. Hopefully recent fungicide apps will slow it down but lots of moisture in soil now so I think it is only gonna get worse.

Tucker Miller, Drew, shared these photos of boll rot and Corynespora leaf spot in cotton. Click on image to enlarge.

Boll rot - Miller - 8-16

Leaf spot - Miller - 8-16

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Jim Arrington, Senatobia
8/12/2016 – Cotton: The early dry land cotton is at or near cutout so insect treatments are being terminated. Still treating for plant bugs and worms in younger irrigated cotton. Overall the crop looks very good.
Soybeans: Worms have been spotty, mainly in R2-R3 irrigated. Treatments have worked well.
Corn: Most is at black layer with the exception of a few late planted fields. Harvest will be here soon!

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/15/2016 – Rains have continued on a daily basis east of I-55. Hattiesburg area has received most big rains and steady afternoon showers. Boll rot is not as bad today as I thought it may be but is definitely present with extremely wet ground and high humidity. Target spot is defoliating a lot of the bottom leaves which I guess could help promote a little air flow. Cotton is continuing to stay green which isn’t helping anything. Insects in later planted cotton seem to be picking up, especially bollworms and fallarmyworms. Stink bugs are also in the mix in isolated fields.
Soybeans are mainly at R5. Most beans got big rains last week and continue to get isolated showers every day. Beans have lots of potential but this weather is setting off aerial web blight. We are trying to plan treatments now but having trouble finding aerial applicator. Insects are still fairly light but building. All flavor of worms but bollworms are far and few between.
Corn is just waiting to be harvested with exception of later corn that is probably 7 days from black layer. Just pray corn will continue to wait standing up. It is extremely wet in some of these fields. So far so good.
Peanuts still seem to be okay. Growers are definitely behind on fungicides but didn’t see too many problems in fields I looked at today. Insects have all but disappeared in peanuts for now. We are seeing VBC adults flying around now.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
8/15/2016 – The last 2 weeks we have gotten some good cotton showers over all my area. We would have liked them earlier but they are helping to fill bolls well. The rain 2 weeks ago July 29-31 brought a flush of plant bugs and a sprinkle of bollworms that we had to spray beginning Aug. 5-12. Some of this got rained off and we had to reapply. Today, Aug. 15th, we are mostly cleaned up and looking good. We have cotton opening and most is at cutout. The crop looks very good. We actually need some sun and dry air at present.
Corn is finished and we are waiting on some drier air to harvest. Most of our early dry land corn is very poor.
Beans range from poor to excellent. The pivot beans are fine with some at R6. Early dryland beans are poor, but the middle planting and wheat beans look good. We plan to desiccate some beans Mon. the 22nd. These are all dryland and will range from poor to fair yields.
This crop is winding down fast due to the heat since the 1st of July.0

Reporting from the North Delta is Joe Townsend, Coahoma
8/16/2016 – The corn is done! Some early dryland corn has been cut, yields about average to good. The irrigated corn looks really good.
Soybeans are looking very good. All except some late planted beans are finished. Only a few fields were ready to cut when the rain started. Whenever it dries up here the harvest will be underway.
The majority of the cotton is now above 5 NAWF with some fields totally cut out. We are starting to see open cotton in a lot of fields. I expect some of the yields on the irrigated cotton to be very good. Much of the dryland looks above average as well. There are some fields on farms that kept missing the rains that were burning up before the rain over the last couple of days.

Reporting from the South Delta is Lauren Green, Greenwood
8/16/2016 – Corn harvest has started and yields seem to be doing good.
Soybeans range from R4 to R7. Have let early planted beans go and still picking up few worms in late planted ones. Loopers are building up along the hills and have treated a couple fields.
We have picked up pipe on cotton and hoping rot does not set in this week with all the of rain this week. Sprayed most cotton over the weekend for plant bugs and was still finding eggs on bloom tags last week, should be last spraying except for some green spots. Also applied a good bit of pix to stop any new growth.
Began draining rice last week and should be able to drain more by end of the week. Still finding a few stink bugs in later planted rice.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from East Mississippi is Mitch LeFlore, Eupora
8/8/2016 – Cotton: Worms, worms, worms! In the last ten days we have experienced heavy pressure from bollworms and fall armyworms in Bt and non-Bt cotton. Plant bugs and stink bug sprays were also applied in worm treatments. Overall cotton crop looks good due to timely rains we have been blessed with all summer. The crop is maturing fast due to heat.
Soybeans also look good due to timely rains all year. Insect pressure has been low until end of last week when looper started showing up.
Most all sweet potato acres were treated for armyworm in last 10 days. Overall crop looks promising.
Peanut fungicide being applied now for southern blight as needed for the rain fall that we have received. Crop also looks promising.
Milo is maturing and clean, due to earlier Prevathon and Sivanto treatments.

Reporting from the South Delta is Allen McKnight, Greenville
8/8/2016 – Corn harvest as started – some excellent yields – some low ends low of field aren’t doing so good. Harvest burndown has begun on some dryland soybeans. I’m starting to drop of a good many fields this week. Still picking up a few stink bugs and a few bollworms in some younger fields of soybeans loopers and fall armyworms are on the increase.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/8/2016 – Cotton is from 18th node 5 NAWF TO done with open bolls. Some fields with open bolls have received much unwanted rains in the past week. Hattiesburg area just got from .5″ to 3.5″ late Monday. Bollworms showing up today in cotton behind bloom tags and a few treatments went out today. Stink bugs are also in the picture and are getting treatments. This cotton is at the wrong stage to have a bunch of rain forecasted this week.
Peanuts are still looking good. Most fields got by the 1st round of worms but lots of looper moths being flushed in most fields today. Growers are applying fungicides early where they were due trying to get ahead of all the forecasted rains.
Soybeans are still relatively quiet with a few fields at threshold for worm complex. Aerial web blight still popping up in some fields and those fields are being treated. Rains have hit later planted beans just about perfect.

Reporting from the South Delta is Josh Westling, Flora
8/9/2016 – Cotton – Anywhere from NAWF 2-7. No opens bolls yet. Treated some for worms and plant bugs and some for just plant bugs last week. Cotton looks very good and loaded up. Saw a good bit of natural shed last week.
Soybeans- Some are cutting out pretty fast. Have sprayed some for stink bugs. Loopers are starting to build up but no treatments have been made yet. Other than that insect pressure has been low.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Hayes Girod, Madison
7/31/2016 -Cotton is looking great at this point. We received good rains last week that will carry us a long way. This week it has started throwing pretty hard after a few days of rain and cloudy weather but still loaded up good. Spraying around corn mostly for plant bugs – other areas’ pressure has been much lighter. Seem to have worms under control at this point. Most cotton is 16-20 nodes.
Soybeans range from R4-R6, have a few that will be desiccated soon and hopefully make August delivery. Insect pressure has been light all summer. Started picking up some pod worms in younger beans but nothing at threshold yet.
Corn is mostly at black layer. Tested some today at 21-26 percent moisture. Probably going to see some get cut this week.

Reporting from the North Delta is Bob Stonestreet, Clarksdale
8/1/2016 – Cotton: plant bugs have been anywhere from light to normal for this time of year; 2-5 treatments; bollworms/FAW/spider mites have keep us busy the last couple weeks. Cotton ranges from 7 NAWF up to bolled out; most however is not yet at cut out.
Soybeans are from R2 to R6.5; have treated several fields in the R2-R4 range for pod worm; beanleaf beetles have been light; stinkbugs picking up in older fields but not at treatment level
Corn is at 50% ML to black layer.
Milo is from milk to soft dough; sugarcane aphids have been extremely light; only one application thus far; head worms treated last week with good results; still a lot of bollworm moths in the north delta.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
8/1/2016 – Cotton is from 18-22 nodes, 1-7 NAWF – should have an open boll next week on earliest cotton. Flushing lots of bollworm moths today and shaking all species of stink bugs out of older cotton. Plant bugs are relatively low and aphids have all but disappeared. Finding a few red spider mites but nothing at alarming levels with the amount of moisture at the present time. Applying big shots of growth regulators trying to stop this cotton. Cotton has had rain for last 16 days, every other day, and has shed lots of fruit but overall this is a really good crop as of now.
Peanuts are still in really good shape. Lots of loopers, falls, and southern army worms in some fields. Some have been treated and some we are trying to make it to next fungicide app. I’m a little nervous about holding off that long and will make decision Thursday of this week. Peanuts look really good overall.
Soybeans are from R4 to R5.8. Stink bugs are showing up in older beans and we will probably have to treat soon. Worms are extremely light in soybeans for now. Aerial web blight has popped up in a few fields, especially where rain showers continue every other day. Fungicides are being applied as growers can get into field. Soybeans look really good at this point but still a long way to go.
Oldest corn is running 21% moisture and combines should start running soon.

Reporting from the North Delta is Ed Whatley, Clarksdale
8/2/2016 – Cotton – Plant bugs have been steady in cotton for the past 2 weeks. Control has been less than favorable due to rain. Control should improve with better weather conditions. Most of my mites and aphids have been taken care of. Applying PGR’s with plant bugs apps.
Soybeans – I am still spraying pod worms in R2/3 beans. Bean leaf beetles are building in some areas. I have not made an application on any yet. Stink bugs up a little, but still light – loopers starting to show up. I have terminated insect control on early April planted beans.
Corn – All corn terminated. I had a grower who planned to start harvest Monday, but he got 3 inches of rain last Saturday, so he’s waiting on the ground to firm up before he starts harvest.

Homer Wilson, Fulton, reports that as of last Thursday (7/28), 80% of his area has received rains from 2″ up to 3.6″.

Hayes Girod, Madison, shows off a well-fruited cotton stalk.

Fruited cotton stalk - Girod - 8-16

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/28/2016 – Insects have picked up this week in peanuts. Loopers, bollworms, and fall army worms have made themselves present with some fields at treatable levels. Fungicides are going out religiously now. We finally dried out enough to get in fields around Hattiesburg and rains continue along Mississippi River.
Stink bugs and bollworms have received some treatments in cotton this week. Plant growth regulators are going out where we can get in to try to control any excessive growth behind all of the rains. Cotton is from 1 to 7 NAWF AND FROM 16 -22 nodes.
Still fairly quiet in soybeans but stink bugs and Lep. complex beginning to show up. Loopers and falls are primary Leps. present. No treatments as of today.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Bert Falkner, West Point
7/29/2016 – Most all areas have received some rain this past week (5” in 4 hours in Calhoun County) but still have dry areas.
Cotton crop is in 3 stages; 3-4 NAWF, 5-7 NAWF and 7-9 NAWF. Insects light overall. Have treated some acres for plant bugs and am seeing some slippage for bollworms but not serious. Have also treated for stinkbugs in areas with pyrethroid. Aphids are on the way out. Have treated some acres for spider mites and they seem heaviest where we’ve had showers.
Soybeans are from R2 – R53/4. Insect pressure is very light. Green cloverworm has picked but not at threshold. I’m taking it field by field and variety by variety on fungicide applications at R2-R3.
Corn is from black layer to 5-10 days to black layer. I was concerned earlier about pollination in this heat but not as worried now. Disease pressure is also light. We will be cutting corn around the 20th of August.
Peanuts are in the 75 – 90 day range. We’re in the process of applying the 2nd fungicide application. Disease pressure overall is light – seeing a little white mold this week. It looks like a good root crop and starting to make the limb crop. Pivots aren’t stopping.
We’ve treated sweet potatoes for worms in areas and some of our crop has had a lot of rain – needs to dry up now.
In general, seeing potential in all crops..

Reporting from the South Delta is Virgil King, III, Lexington
7/29/2016 – Cotton – We have gotten showers this week that were well needed but seeing some shed behind all the clouds and rain. We are treating plant bugs and overspraying with pyrethroid as needed. Still seeing a lot of bollworm moths in some fields.
Corn – We are finished with all our corn but a little that was planted late. It is at a 30-40 % milk line at this time. Finding some southern rust in it today.
Soybeans – All our older beans have fungicide at this time. I have a lot of late planted beans that are 12-15 nodes or R2 right now. I have had to treat a few fields for bollworms but most are below threshold at this time and no treatment has been made. I am also starting to find loopers in them.
Peanuts – Peanuts are anywhere from 70-80 days old. Just getting out fungicide application before all these showers. Finding some Rhizoctonia in them. The nut crop looks good with a good limb crop.

Reporting from the North Delta is David Dubard, Cleveland
2/29/2016 – Soybeans are from R3.5 to R6. Insect pressure has been very low in older beans but treating pod feeders in some of the younger beans now.
Insect pressure has picked up in cotton. All Bollgard cotton has been sprayed for boll worms due to heavy pressure. Got a general rain this week.
If crops are as good as they look, we should be good.

Reporting from the South Delta is Haley Easley, Greenwood
7/29/2016 – Corn has been terminated from irrigation due to recent rains. Beans range from R2 -R6. Older beans have low insect pressure. Seeing looper moths this week and looper worms, fall army worms and pod worms in beans R2-R4 beans. Treated a lot of worms this week in beans, peanuts and cotton. All crops look better than I expected after recent heat wave. Rains came just in time. Cotton insect pressure overall lighter than usual but worms high this week. Ready for 2016 to be over.

Reporting from the North Delta is Ray Chacon, Cleveland
7/29/2016 -Cotton looks really good at this point. All cotton acres have been treated for bollworms. All acres have received good rains in the past few days.
Soybeans – Older beans should be winding down in the next couple of weeks. Have treated small acres of the younger beans for podworms. Fungicide application has been made on all bean acres.
Peanuts- Reaching the 100 day mark. No fungicide application made on them up to this point . Will make first application on Leps next week. Potential is there for our best peanut crop.
One of our best looking crops overall. I just hope that the yields are there when we harvest.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Billy Bryant, Greenwood
7/24/2016 – Cotton: Aphids present across most acreage. Have made Transform applications where needed at full and partial rates. Bollworm moth flight receding. Most acreage has been treated with Pyrethroid tank mixes with very little slippage. Plant Bugs continue to be unusually light. Nymphs being controlled where they can be found. Mites overall very light. Have applied miticides where needed- Abamectin applied at early square appears to have been very effective. High rates of Mepichlor have been going out last 10 days on irrigated varieties to level off growth. Overall the cotton crop looks extremely good.
Soybeans: Isolated areas of soybeans in the R5.3 to R5.5 stage being treated for extreme populations of cabbage looper and green clover worm. Some R2 beans treated last week for bollworm. – treated 1000 acres yesterday for mixture of bollworms and loopers. Stink bugs present in low numbers. Overall have treated only a small portion of acreage but I am expecting to be forced to spray considerably more as this week progresses and this worm pressure ramps up. Some light Frogeye Leafspot being commonly observed but no fungicide treatments have gone out at this time. Overall soybean crop looks extremely promising.
Peanuts: A very high infestation of granulated cutworms, loopers, bollworm, and army worms have infested fields. All small larvae but all species seemed to have converged on the crop at the same time. Treated yesterday and tank mixed white mold preventative along with the insecticide. Peanuts growing hard. Vines at this time are pretty and unblemished by foliar disease.
Corn: A lot of acreage scheduled to reach Black Layer around 7-30-16. Monitoring this and making recommendations for final irrigation on field by field basis. Will try to be wet or have moisture at the soil surface on our black layer date with these high temps that have set upon us.
Rice: Oldest rice heading. Younger rice receiving Urea with quarter inch of joint movement. Some army worm activity around edges outside the flood. Have treated one field with pyrethroid. Have applied precautionary fungicide treatment on less than half of total acreage. No major disease issues here to date.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tucker Miller, Drew
7/25/2016 – Cotton : have received some good rain in the past week. Some cotton had reached cut out, but am hopeful we might get a few more nodes. Worm eggs, aphids, and plant bugs have been the target this past week. Have been able to maintain a 10-12 day spray interval, with good results. Spider mites have re-surfaced on a lot of dry edges. Have had to trim some of those. Most cotton ranging from 16– 21 total nodes. Had some shed this past week. Pix application is about over, and most of the cotton is a good size. Looking at a good crop, if the wheels don’t run off in August.
Soybeans : Just finished the fungicide apps on our later beans that were planted mid May. Added Belt, and Beseige on about half those acres for bollworm. Sprayed a small amount of early beans for stink bugs. Will be scouting for these same pests next week.
Very little disease has been noticed.
Milo — made applications for sugarcane aphid this past week.
Rice — just finished mid-season fertilizer, last week. Applying fungicide now at boot split.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/25/2016 – Cotton ranges from 17-21 nodes. Aphids have finally crashed. Plant bugs overall are light. Cotton ranges from 2-7 NAWF. Rains in some areas are daily for about the last 10 days and is beginning to take its toll on some fields. On the other hand some fields can’t seem to get a rain.
Peanuts are beginning to receive some treatments for leps. Mostly loopers and army worms with a few bollworms in the mix. Not a lot of acres treated as of today but a few fields will be treated by the end of the week.
Corn is from dent to drying down. Disease is still low.

Reporting from Northeast Mississippi is Homer Wilson, Fulton
7/26/2016 – Rains have been spotty and mostly lite showers. 1/4 of my area has burned. We plan on shelling corn in this area next week. Hoping for 40 bu.
Cotton looks good. Most of it has had showers and cotton under pivots looks extra good. 95% is 4 NAWF and half of this is 0-2 NAWF. The heat has moved it along. Insect pressure has been very lite. Av. of 1.25 PB sprays and about .33 had an aphid ap. the plant is shorter than normal and this probably helped with bugs. Right now a general rain would be the best thing.
Beans: A mixed bag. Some are struggling to stay alive and some very good. Beans range from maybe blooming (wheat) to R-5. Insects have been lite. Some stem borers and 3CAH has been about it. No worms yet, or stink bugs.
Corn: acreage is lower this year. That may be the best part of our crop. The yield on what we do have is not looking good as a whole. I have seen dry spots of soil where the stalks have already fallen. Hoping for a general rain.

Reporting from the North Delta is James Bowen, Boyle
7/26/2016 – Rice- I’m starting to drain a little bit of rice. The heat is helping speed things along. I believe that it will be a lot more next week. We are finding army worms in heading rice and in younger rice also. They seem to be worse in the younger ages of rice from mid-season to flagging. The rice crop looks really good overall. Stink bugs have been easy to find. Weed control has been very challenging this year. I’m glad this year is about over.
Soybeans- soybeans range from R2 to late R5 to early R6 on some dry land acres. I’m starting to find bollworms in the early beans around the R3 to R4 stage. The worm medicine is going out with the fungicides. They seem to be worse in certain areas. The crop looks really good overall. Some of the varieties have gotten a little taller than I like to see. Generally a tall bean doesn’t cut as well as a shorter bean, but we will see. The taller beans seems to be loading up just as well as the shorter beans. Stink bug pressure has been very light so far.

Photos by Tucker Miller, Drew. Dentist stem borer in soybeans and bollworm in soybeans. Click image to enlarge.

Dentist stem borer in - Miller 7-16

Bollworm in beans - Miller 7-16

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
7/21/2016 – Cotton looks good. Plantbugs are increasing and bollworms are also starting to show up. Spider mites are popping up in some fields and we have been treating them as we go. Even areas that have had low insect pressure all year are getting hotter.
Beans: Most beans are from R3-R5. Fungicides have gone out on irrigated beans and insects have been light. Bollworms are showing up now though in the young beans.
Corn is nearly done. All corn is in dent and many fields are either being watered one last time or just got a rain at the end of last week. A few fields are entering black layer.
Rice: My youngest rice is in early boot. Most fields are boot split to heading. We may drain a little rice next week. Stinkbugs are not everywhere but continue to show up on a good amount of acreage. Armyworms have been bad on edges and grassy areas in fields where we struggled to control it. They are also in some of the heading rice. We are treating some fields with pyrethroids.

Reporting from the North Delta is Will Price, Charleston
7/21/2016 – I hope all is going well for everyone. This season has been a long and busy one with quite a stretch to go, but hopefully all the hard work by all pays off at the finish!
Corn: Most of my corn is past R5 and basically monitoring disease pressure or lack thereof, and answering questions about when to terminate irrigation. I am cautiously optimistic about yields.
Cotton: Fields are from 13-18 nodes. Making PGR applications, mostly tied in with insecticide as well. Insect pressure has been relatively light, but has increased over the last 10-14 days. Most all cotton I am scouting has been treated twice for plant bugs, and about half is scheduled/just treated for the 3rd time. Bollworm moths have been seen sparingly over the last 10 days, but no egg or larvae numbers of any note to this point. Also seeing aphids cluster is spots and treated some cotton for them on one farm. Cotton has an excellent fruit load for the most part.
Soybeans: Stage ranges from R2-R5. Mostly we are just trying to stay on schedule with irrigation. Clover worms are increasing in older beans and I am picking up boll/pod worms at very low numbers. Kudzu bugs are a nuisance, but nothing of enormous number in my area. The only thing I am treating is armyworms in young beans with heavy grass pressure.

Reporting from the South Delta is Pete Mims Baughman, Indianola
7/21/2016 – Soybeans are R3-R5 stage of development. Fungicide applications are being made to R3-R4 beans. Beginning to pick up bollworms in R3-R4 beans and picking up scattered stinkbugs in older R5 beans.
All corn is dent stage of development. Milk starch line is 1/4 to 3/4. Oldest corn is receiving last irrigation this week.
Rice is from midseason nitrogen application to milk/dough stage Rice that is beginning to head is receiving fungicide applications at this point. Leaf blast is being observed on susceptible varieties. Some of the younger rice is being treated for armyworms at this time using a pyrethroid.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/21/2016 – Cotton is moving along extremely quick. Lots of my acres are at 2-4 NAWF this week. Lots of bollworm/budworm activity. Plant bugs are extremely erratic and aphids are exploding. Most cotton has had good rains in the past 10 days. I’m hoping aphids will crash soon. Cotton looks really good overall. Still have some fields that are in tough shape and need lots of rain soon.
Peanuts are from 60-90 days old and look extremely good. Disease is still low to nonexistent. Loopers, Falls, and a few bollworms are in most fields but at low numbers. No treatments going out at the present time.
Corn is from early dent to 2 weeks from harvest. Corn looks really good. Rains this week finished most acres out.
Soybeans from R3 to R5.6. Still not a lot of issues in beans. Most soybeans are at R3 this week. Early beans look extremely good. Most of my area with soybeans are on the dry side. Hopefully those areas can get some rain before long or yields will be reduced.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Phillip McKibben, Maben
7/22/2016 – Corn – black layer will be reached within 10 days on most of our corn. Yield projection for irrigated – 180 bushel average, dryland – 125 bushels. I’d love to be proven wrong on both accounts.
Soybean – the bulk of our crop is coming into R3 to early R5. Recent rains have offered us potential, we will need additional rainfall to realize it. Kudzu bugs are nasty. They smell bad, taste bad, and can burn your skin. Fortunately, the numbers have not dictated specific applications targeting them. Stinkbugs are non-existent. Alfalfa hoppers have been above threshold in some fields (yes, the new threshold). Worms have really taken off in a few small pockets; these are mixtures of Cloverworms, Loopers, and Podworms. Frogeye is showing up in some different varieties than we were expecting, and it is not everywhere, but with each shower of rain, it shows up in more and fields.
Cotton – Most has had two shots of Pix, some got a single pint where we had uneven emergence, and thus delayed the first shot. Aphids have been hard to spot until this week, but now seem to be blossoming. Plantbugs have been very manageable to date.
Milo – Aphids are still difficult to find, midge never showed their faces during bloom, but recently headworms went from zero to threshold in about five days. We’re at soft-dough stage through the top half of most heads, and counting on the Prevathon to take us the rest of the way through.
Sweetpotato – I mention this crop last only because I feel like it bores some folks… like it’s not a ‘real’ crop. It is a difficult crop to learn and difficult to learn how to manage. The growing is the easy part. Consistently producing high yields is the challenge.
Sweetpotato is a storage root; designed to survive hard times. It stresses the mind every time it rains, and inner turmoil begins. Corn gets a rain and we say “Yeah”. Beans get a rain and we say “Yeah”. Cotton gets a rain and we say “Yeah”. Sweetpotatoes get a rain and we’re like “Okay, I guess, sure hope it wasn’t too much, but we sure needed it… I think”. Sometimes the highly stressed crops become some of our best crops; we just have to get some rain at the end to size them up, but not too much rain or they all rot in the ground.

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the South Delta is Tim Richards – Yazoo City
7/18/2016 – Cotton ranges from 14-21 nodes. It’s been a light plant bug year – they appear to prefer pigweed over cotton. We’re flushing bollworm moths. We’re switching off of Transform or imidacloprid and using pyrethroids plus acephate and Diamond. Spider mites have been delayed by less early sprays but have sprayed a few small fields. In soybeans, we’ve just started finding bollworm larvae and it looks like certain stages need watching closely.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Mitch LeFlore, Eupora
7/18/2016 – Cotton: looks great due to ample rainfall we’ve been blessed with. We are trying to stay ahead of it with our PGR applications. Spraying conventional cotton with Prevathon as you read this due to heavy bud worm, egg lay, and small worms. All other cotton has zero to very low plant bug and insect pressure.
Soybeans: looks great also due to time of rain. Some beans have received fungicide but rest of the beans should receive it this week other than wheat beans. Insects have not been a problem other than kudzu bug that have been everywhere.
Milo: started spraying sugarcane aphids two weeks ago. Very low midge populations. Will probably start spraying head worms in very near future.
Sweet potato: overall crop looks better thanks to rainfall. Treated over 80% of acres for heavy granulated cutworm pressure last week. Things look better this week.
Peanuts: getting geared up to spray fungicide. Our peanuts are a little later. Had to spray several peanut fields for very high numbers of granulated cutworms. Rest of fields looked good.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/18/2016 – Cotton is from 14-21 nodes. Older cotton running 5-7 NAWF for the most part. Aphids are still exploding in later planted cotton and seem to be more of a presence in oldest cotton today. Bollworm and budworm moths are being flushed in most fields. Eggs are running 3-12% with a few dead neonates being found. Plant bugs are extremely low in most areas. Stink bugs are building in older cotton. Nothing treatable as of today.
Corn is from early dent to black layer with most corn a week out from black layer.
Soybeans got some much needed rain last week across most of my area. Beans are from R1 to R5.5. Not a lot going on in beans at the end of last week but worms of all sorts seem to be getting a little worse every day.
Peanuts are from 60-90 DAP. Peanuts are still looking really good with little to no insect problems and very little disease.

Reporting from the North Delta is Winston Earnheart, Tunica
7/19/2016 – Cotton: The cotton crop looks good and is fruited very well. Plant bugs have been light, but numbers are higher around corn. Treatments have been successful, and intervals between sprays have been much longer than in past years. Rice: Older rice is heading and we have been treating for rice stink bugs. The crop looks good over all. We are trying to clean up some of the late rice where effectiveness and timing were hindered by hot, dry weather. Growers are struggling to maintain floods on all of the rice. We are having to treat some of the rice fields for armyworms.
Soybeans: The soybean crop looks good, and most all of the beans have been treated with an R3 dose. We are seeing kudzu bugs in some of the fields, but have only reached treatment level in the hills. Looper numbers have increased over the last week.
Corn: The corn crop is also good, and most of it is denting. Irrigation is still being applied.

A photo from Jeff North, Madison, show downy mildew on a soybean leaf.

Downey mildew on soybeans - north

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Consultant Commentary – Up-to-Date Information from Mississippi’s Crop Professionals

Reporting from the North Delta is Justin George, Merigold
7/4/2016 – Rice: some heads emerging this weekend. Disease pressure seems light. One last field of rice just emerging. Next week I should have the majority beginning to head. Hope CL 163 does well. It’s a good looking variety thus far. I have more Conventional rice this year than I’ve been having. Grass control in a conventional grass crop isn’t getting any easier.
Soybeans: Oldest beans are through blooming, and youngest field has a late season variety trial in it that’s just beginning trifoliates. Beginning 2nd round of irrigations this week on most acres. Young beans are just getting gently watered at hoping not to hurt them. Some fungicide went out last week. Some growers are still fully in favor of this shot, some are not. Some growers seemed to have decided to put Fungicide money into Potash applications. Did pick up a few bollworms last week but very scattered. Potato leafhoppers are in high numbers. Had a handful of kudzu bugs in the Doddsville area last week.
Corn: 115 day variety is full dent with milk line forming. Beginning 4th irrigation this week. Corn crop is moving fast. I’m glad for those that chose to plant some this year and got in on $4.50 price (if they pulled the trigger). I’ve got some great looking corn planted at 33,500 and then some planted at a slightly high population (36k) that looks like problem. Very interested to see how that works out. Most of the Nitrogen went out by plane or buggy even though growers said they were gonna knife, it just didn’t work out.

Reporting from South Mississippi is Trey Bullock, Hattiesburg
7/4/2016 – Cotton is from 11th node to 18th. Cotton, as a whole looks extremely good but is getting close to needing a rain. Isolated showers last week helped but we are really in need for a good general rain. Plant bugs are relatively light but aphids are really exploding today in some fields. Still picking up lots of stink bugs (brown and red shouldered) in sweep nets and just visually seeing them.
Corn is from silking to a week away from black layer. Southern rust has shown up south of Hattiesburg but not picking up much anywhere else. Irrigation systems are in full motion.
Soybeans are from V3 to R4. Not a lot of problems in soybeans. Aerial web blight is showing up in some narrow row beans along the Miss. River. Gonna give these beans another week, soybeans weren’t blooming last week. Will make decision this week on treatment options. Insects picking up a little but nothing at treatable levels.
Peanuts are from 40 to 75 dap. Disease has still been hard to find. Peanuts still look really good but as in cotton, a good general rain would be worth a lot. Fungicides are about the only products going out now.

Reporting from the North Delta is Tim Sanders, Sarah
Cotton: Nearly all cotton is blooming. Plantbug numbers have been light. A little cotton is getting the first application this week, but most has had 1-2 applications. Diamond was added on the second application in most cases. Fields by corn have been heavier but even those numbers are not what they have been in the past. Cotton looks good.
Soybeans range from not yet blooming up to R4. Insects have been very quiet. More kudzu bugs have been found this year but not close to treatment levels.
Corn is mostly getting into dough stage and some is starting to dent. Some of the dryland suffered in the heat.
Rice is mostly in boot but a little is still in midseason. A few heads were found last week. Stinkbugs are all along the edges. A few fields have been very difficult to clean up with the delays we had early on. Rice flat sedge is all over the place and is a game changer in some fields.
Pigweed is a constant in all crops, but we have gotten used to that. Overall we have done well with control but we have our spots.

Reporting from East Mississippi is Ty Edwards, Water Valley
7/5/2016 – Cotton- In our worst plant bug areas we’ve only managed to break threshold once. They’ve essentially been non-existent. We’ve done some poisoning for them, but most of this has been because the insecticide was too cheap to leave off as we made a trip with something else. We got a much needed rain today, as I had some farmers who were going on 8 weeks without a measurable rain event. Cotton ranges from 3rd week of bloom to a week from bloom. However, about 90% will be blooming in a few days.
Sweet potato – We’ve had some bad flea beetle spots where we’ve treated several times, and based on sweep net counts in cotton and soybeans, this apparently is a big year for them. Other than that, plowing and laying by as usual.

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